In 2005 in the context of the new European Neighbourhood Policy, the Republic of Moldova (RM) and the EU signed an agreement: EU-Moldova Action Plan (EUMAP) for a period of 3 years, where a series of actions were included in order to intensify cooperation between the two parts. At the end of the period of the Action Plan, the European Council adopted in February 2008 a decision regarding a principle availability of the EU to initiate new negotiations with the RM with the aim of sigging of a new agreement. In parallel with the Action Plan, RM has signed an agreement with the EU for a facilitated visa regime, as well as obtained from EU a preferential trade regime for most of the goods produced in Moldova.
In the framework of the Eastern Partnership and the European Neighbourhood Policy, the EU has been negotiating an Association Agreement with Moldova since 2010.
So far, 10 (ten) rounds of negotiations of the AA were held. Twenty three out of twenty five chapters of the AA have been provisionally closed (latest covering Political Dialogue and Reform, Foreign Policy Cooperation and Security areas.) The “Justice, Freedom and Security” Chapter is very close to an interim agreement.
On December 5, 2011, the EU decided to launch negotiations on a deep and comprehensive free trade area with Moldova in order to boost economic growth and investment with its Eastern European partner. These negotiations will tackle a broad range of trade and economic issues so as to achievement by Moldova of a closer economic integration with the EU.
The future Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area will be part of thee Association Agreement, which aim to closely associate Moldova to the EU both in economic and political terms, in line with the Eastern Partnership objectives. The future trade relations will therefore expand significantly beyond the scope of current cooperation, set out in the EU Moldova Partnership and Cooperation Agreement of 1998.
The Project "Building Institutional Capacity of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration” aims at strengthening the institutional capacity of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration in the process of achieving its European Integration goals and commitments.
The Project also aims to contribute to the development of the capacities of the MFAEI and the Negotiation Team (comprising also representatives from Ministry of Transport and Road Infrastructure) for European Integration, with immediate focus on negotiation and post-negotiation phases of the Association Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Moldova and implicitly its implementation. Thus, assistance in preparation of preliminary feasibility impact assessments (not full RIA) for the effective implementation of certain EU legal acts in road transport area has been requested.
European legislation requires that handling, preparation, processing, packaging, etc. of food is done hygienically, with hygienic machinery in hygienic premises. In October 2011, the Moldova - EU Cooperation Committee had a bilateral meeting on Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) issues and the state of play of Moldova’s preparedness for DCFTA negotiations in these area was analyzed. Reintroduction of veterinary and phytosanitary services at the ports of entry in Moldova (Border Inspection Points) being currently a priority for Moldova, the MAFI requested the project to provide additional international consultative assistance.