In order to ensure that the new National Biodiversity Strategy and Actions Plan incorporates the aspect of valuing of ecosystem services and goods and that the national framework for NBSAP Implementation is in place the consultant will be responsible for:
- Identifying and, to the best extent possible, quantifying the economic benefits provided by Moldova’s biodiversity, including ecosystem services.
- Developing a resource mobilization strategy for the implementation of the NBSAP
The international consultant will be assisted by a national environmental economist and finance specialist and will cooperate closely with the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment and other stakeholders as identified by the Project Management Team.
- Guide the team of national consultants on the collection of biodiversity economic value information during the stocktaking process and incorporate the resulting information in the National Biodiversity Strategy and Actions Plan;
- Provide examples of similar and comparable studies from other countries;
- Identify, assess and, to the best extent possible, quantify the full range of economic benefits delivered by Moldova’s biodiversity, including the values of key ecosystem services in Moldova, based on existing local, national, regional and global studies on the value of ecosystems and biodiversity. This would include:
- National TEEB valuation results (if any);
- Valuation of protected areas in terms of the direct and indirect income they generate and of the ecosystem services they provide;
- Any other national biodiversity valuation, protected area economic assessments and ecosystem services studies that have been conducted (e.g. water, carbon);
- Existing global and regional studies, maps and overlays of key ecosystem services;
- Any other studies related to the quantification and evaluation of biodiversity and ecosystems services (e.g. forestry, water, biodiversity etc.)
- Identify the implications of these services for different stakeholder groups within the country, including those who benefit from, and pay for, the maintenance of these ecosystem services, and those that degrade ecosystems through unsustainable use;
- Estimate and demonstrate the value of key ecosystem services (using methods appropriate to each service), including the value of the ecosystem service in contributing to climate resilience, adaptation and mitigation; reducing poverty, and sustaining livelihoods;
- Where appropriate, this activity will also identify potential means of capturing the value of targeted biodiversity and ecosystem services including through policies such as payments for ecosystem services and other positive incentives.
Financing implementation of the NBSAP:
Identify and analyse and where possible quantify internal sources of finance for action in the NBSAP including:
- National budget cycle and the allocation to public administrations (ministries);
- Budget of local governments (municipalities, village authorities);
- National funds to support local development;
- Fiscal and economic instruments.
Analyse and where possible estimate external sources of finance for actions in the NBSAP including:
- Bilateral sources (e.g. trans-boundary level, bi or tri-lateral cooperation);
- Multilateral sources;
- Regional development banks;
- International foundations and non-governmental organisations;
- Other opportunities.
Identify, analyse and where possible estimate innovative sources of finance for actions in the NBSAP, especially fiscal measures related to:
- Tourism (eco-tourism, agro-tourism), including its real potential and possible impact on ecosystems and their biodiversity;
- Infrastructure development (to encourage the mainstreaming of biodiversity into their operations; Bank loans for investment projects);
- Other alternative sources for sustainable biodiversity conservation.
Lead and contribute to development of NBSAP Integrated Financing Action Plan summarising concrete activities required to mobilise BD finance for the 10-year period of the implementation of the NBSAP.
Deliverables and timeframe:
The following deliverable will be produced by the consultant:
- Complete collection of biodiversity economic value information for the stocktaking process and contribute with the necessary inputs for the launching workshop and national target setting process by December 31, 2012;
- Complete the Study on the economic benefits of biodiversity and ecosystem services in Moldova, through assessing and capturing economic value of ecosystem services and goods by June 30, 2013;
- Contribute with the necessary inputs to the economic component of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Actions Plan by October 30, 2013;
- Lead and contribute to development of Resource mobilization strategy and Financing mechanism for NBSAP activities by October 30, 2013;
- Lead and contribute to development of a costed and prioritized implementation plan for the NBSAP by October 30, 2013.
All the deliverables should be agreed with the UNDP’s counterpart at the Ministry of Environment and UNDP and be provided in English in electronic copy.
The timeframe for the work of International Consultant is planned from August 2012 to December 2013. The consultancy should involve about of 7 working weeks (35 working days), of which at least 3 weeks in the country structured in 3 missions (two on 2012 and one in 2013).