The Government of Rwanda’s (GoR) medium-term strategy for economic growth, poverty reduction and human development, is set out in the”Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy” (EDPRS). The EDPRS covering the five year period from 2008 to 2012 identifies the country’s developmental objectives, priorities and policies through three flagship programs: i) Growth for Jobs and Exports; (ii) Governance; (iii) Vision 2020 Umurenge that aims to reduce inequality and extreme poverty. The EDPRS is fully supported by country level stakeholders, including development partners and assigns a high priority in accelerating private sector-led growth.
Three years down the road of the implementation of the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS), it is clear that progress is being made.
The EDPRS results and policy matrix is organized around the three EDPRS flagship programs, which have been aligned to the three clusters (Economic, Social and Governance).
In 2007, the UNDP country office elaborated the current Country Programme (2008-2012). The Country Programme Document articulates UNDP’s responsibilities with the implementation of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF). The UNDAF (2008-2012) conveys the UN system’s response to the Government of Rwanda’s Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS). As part of the effort to improve system-wide coherence and reduce duplication, UNDP will refocus its programme around the central issue of governance, where it has a clear comparative advantage. Given UNDAF’s emphasis on Good Governance, UNDP will focus its interventions in this area. In addition, UNDP will work in the area of environment in partnership with specialized non-resident agencies.
A strong, coordinated response from Rwanda’s development partners and the UN system is needed to meet current challenges, including the rehabilitation of the country’s human and social capital, and service delivery to the poor. In order to help Rwanda meet the MDGs, a scaling-up of aid flows is currently under discussion. If implemented, this will create a whole new set of challenges in terms of strengthening public financial management and the macro-economic framework, as well as addressing institutional weaknesses in service delivery and decentralization. Finally, the long term sustainability of Rwanda’s development strategy will require a deepening of the reconciliation process, and strengthening of democratic governance, as well as a mainstreamed approach to conflict prevention and peace building.
From 2005 to 2007 the Support to Increased Country Office Delivery and Technical Support Capacity project produced the following results for the in support of the Government of Rwanda:
- Africa Governance Forum VI essential documents for Rwanda were prepared;
- AGF VI were organised and effectively convened in Kigali, Rwanda;
- A study on “Pro-Poor Economic Policies in Rwanda” was undertaken and published;
- Rwanda’s National Human Development Report (NHDR) were published;
- UNDP/RBA Women’s Governance Forum was undertaken in Rwanda;
- UNDAF was prepared.
Between 2008 and 2010, the project provided, among others, the following support to the Government of Rwanda:
- Production of Rwanda National Human Development Progress Report (NHDR);
- Production of the 2010 MDG Progress Report;
- Publication of the 2008 UNDP Annual Report;
- Launch of the 2009 Global Human Development Report (HDR);
- Numerous Workshops/Trainings, including one on MDG Scaling Up Activities.
Managed through the DIM modality, this project provided targeted support for the development of reports that generated wide ranging debate and discussion on pertinent development issues as well as informed national policy and planning. The publication and dissemination of the Rwanda Human Development Report 2007 was a timely and a useful contribution to the ongoing debate on translating development goals in Vision 2020 and the Millennium Development Goals into effective policies and concrete action plans.
During the current programme period, UNDP will continue its contribution to evidence based policy making through the development of a follow up support project managed by the country office. This project will seek to contribute to UNDAF outcome 1.5 “Policy and socio-economic planning based on quality and disaggregated data strengthened” particularly through continued support to the development of Rwanda Info and the production of policy documents such as National Human Development Reports (NHDR) and MDG Progress Reports