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International Consultant - Paper on Gender Based Violence and Legislation in India
|Location :||Home Based.|
|Application Deadline :||06-Oct-13 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||Forty Five Working days spread over five months.|
Since the publication of the first Human Development Report in 1990, UNDP, under the intellectual stewardship of Mr. Mahbul-ul-Haq and Mr. Amartya Sen, has pioneered the Human Development paradigm that provided an alternative people centric view of development. The paradigm has gained wide acceptance globally as is evident by the adoption of human development reporting to inform policy at various levels of government across the world.
UNDP and the Government of India have a long history of association on human development and have jointly spearheaded the world’s largest initiative of preparation of sub-national Human Development Reports (HDRs). UNDP together with the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, has initiated the International Centre of Human Development (IC4HD) in New Delhi in a project mode. The mandate of the IC4HD is to ensure that human development concerns become integral to planning processes and policy making and to support national governments and civil society organizations to actualize human development for people.
Towards achieving its objective, the Centre undertakes the following activities in the areas of:
The Centre is organizing a consultation for countries of the global South to share their experiences, good practices, lessons learned and critical issues related to the legislation on violence against women, which should aim at preventing violence against women, ensuring investigation, prosecution and punishment of perpetrators, and providing protection and support to complainants/survivors of violence.
Violence against women and girls is one of the most widespread violations of human rights worldwide. It takes place in every country, in peacetime as well as in situations of conflict and crisis, and affects women and girls’ lives and ability to make the choices that they value. Ending violence against women is a priority for action, at the global/regional/national and sub-national levels. A collective and holistic response is needed to build in correctives, promote behavioral changes, and translate international standards and national policies into actions that effectively reach women. To stop violence against women, prevention and protection should go hand in hand.
While we take into cognizance the wide variety of factors that influence the perpetuation of violence against women the focus of this assignment is to look at law as a mechanism of response to counter the same. We seek to envision how Law is an instrument of ‘formal social control’ can succeed in countering violence against women where informal social and cultural norms fail. In recent years progress has been recorded in elaborating and agreeing on international standards and norms aiming to stop violence against women. International and regional legal and policy instruments have clarified the obligations on States to prevent, eradicate and punish violence against women. Yet, challenges remain. There are countries that continue to remain without domestic violence laws. For example, 12 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa remain without domestic violence laws. And even in countries where laws and policies have been introduced to combat violence against women, as noted in the 2011-2012 Progress of the World’s Women report, “the infrastructure of justice – the police, the courts and the judiciary – is failing women, which manifests itself in poor services and hostile attitudes from the very people whose duty it is to fulfill women’s human rights”. Thus, an integrated approach is required to ensure that policies, reforms and laws are in place and implemented, but also that all members of the societies are aware of their rights, are empowered to demand them and recognise that violence against women is a crime. The justice system needs to recognize violence, prosecute offenders, and address impunity.
The regional Asia-Pacific Human Development Report (2010), Power, Voice and Rights, indicated that two barriers can prevent laws to protect women. “The first comes from the construction of laws themselves, which may be overtly discriminatory, full of gaps or contradictory. The second barrier is restricted access to the legal system and to justice within it. This involves all the reasons that women— because they are women—may not go to police or the court or other mechanisms for justice, or may not find equal treatment even if they do”.
The discussion paper aims to push the analysis further with regard to the first barrier identified in the Asia-Pacific HDR (2010). The paper will provide an overview of gender based violence in India and of the legislation which aims to address and prevent sexual violence against women in the country. The paper will also:
The paper will build on evidence-based knowledge and identify policy implications and recommendations for various actors to ensure that laws work for women and contribute to prevent violence against women.
Duties and Responsibilities
The services of an expert are required to prepare a well-researched discussion paper and identify policy implications and recommendations to ensure that laws work for women and contribute to prevent violence against women in India. The paper will be evidence based and will provide analysis from a human development perspective.
Specific functions include:
The consultant will submit a substantive paper which would take into account the human development approach. The major arguments of the paper must be substantiated with examples and good practices.
The Consultant is expected to submit:
The consultant may be required to present the draft paper at a workshop organized on the theme and incorporate suggestions made by the experts attending the workshop into the revised draft.
The paper will not be deemed completed until feedback from IC4HD is fully addressed.
The deliverables will be the property of IC4HD and copyright will be vested with IC4HD.
The consultant will report to the IC4HD Director.
Required Skills and Experience
Submission of Proposal
Proposed Work Methodology:
Payment would be done as per deliverables:
Evaluation Method and Criteria:
Technical Criteria weight - 70%.
Criteria for Technical Evaluation would be as under:
For any clarification please write to firstname.lastname@example.org.
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.