|UN Women, grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; the empowerment of women; and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights, humanitarian action and peace and security.
The Regional office for UN WOMEN Arab States (ROAS) is based in Cairo, Egypt and works on the following areas
- Leadership and Political Participation;
- Economic Empowerment;
- Ending Violence Against Women;
- Governance and National Planning;
- Peace and Security
The regional office for the Arab States of UN WOMEN in Cairo, Egypt is establishing itself as a lead on gender equality, knowledge generation and gathering. In this light, UN WOMEN is creating a database of country profiles.
The Center of Arab Women for Training and Research/CAWTAR with support of AGFUND are in the process of developing legal profiles for 12 countries in the Arab region from a gender and human rights perspective. These profiles will help first in identifying gaps and second selecting priorities of interventions through evidence based policy dialogue for reforms and advocacy for change to preserve human rights of women and ensure their access to justice as an integral part of building Democracy and Development processes.
The good practices and lessons learnt across the region will be also assessed particularly those related to legal reforms in public sphere (Constitution, electoral laws, quotas, etc) and private sphere (family code) as regard to their impact on increasing women empowerment as rights holders.
The to-be produced evidences on impact of discrimination on human rights, on democracy and on development will influence positively the policy dialogue at national and regional levels, strength the voice of gender and human rights advocates, and provide a platform for change trough policy making and reforms.
The exercise consisted in conducting desk review and analysis of 20 national legislation systems and assessing their consistency with State parties commitments as regard to international conventions related to the analyzed topics.
Each legal country profile focused on the following themes:
- Civic and political rights;
- Right to Nationality;
- Education & training;
- Family rights and/or rights within the family;
- Health & Reproductive health and rights;
- Gender based violence/Violence Against women;
- Labor rights;
- Social legislation and policies;
- Access to justice.
The main approach consisted in recognizing areas of equality and pockets of discriminations ensuring the accurate quotation of related chapters, paragraphs, articles, alineas of concerned laws, decrees to avoid any kind of interpretation. The second level of assessment & analysis targeted the positions of the countries and fulfillment of their engagements as regard to international conventions for each topic. The12 legal country profiles were for the following countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. UN WOMEN is seeking to complement this work by adding an additional eight profiles, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Libya, Mauritania, Oman, Qatar, Sudan and Syria. In addition, UN WOMEN is seeking to validate all 20 profiles in a workshop and finally publish the profiles in leaflet form.
The project will seek to engage in advocacy efforts in relation to mainstream forums on women’s political participation. By supporting advocacy efforts by gender advocates from civil society (women’s rights organizations and networks, and gender experts), from government (NWMs and women parliamentarians), the programme seeks to influence the policy making process. This advocacy will be based on credible evidence developed and/or made accessible by the programme.
For each country a leaflet will be developed to serve as evidence based tool for advocacy and policy dialogue Development of 4-pages brochure/leaflet for the 20 countries. The leaflet will not consist only on a summary of 4 pages but will clearly: