National Consultant – Climate Change Expert for impact assessment and proposition of key steps and measures for introduction of CBAM and EU ETS in Bosnia and Herzegovina


Location : Home Based with Travel Within BiH - Sarajevo, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Application Deadline :24-Sep-21 (Midnight New York, USA)
Type of Contract :Individual Contract
Post Level :National Consultant
Languages Required :
English  
Duration of Initial Contract :25 working days over the period October 2021 to December 2021

UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.

UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.


Background

NOTE: Signed Offeror’s Letter to UNDP Confirming Interest and availability - https://www.ba.undp.org/content/dam/bosnia_and_herzegovina/docs/Operations/Jobs/Offerors%20Letter%20to%20UNDP%20Confirming%20Interest%20and%20Availability.docx - Letter to UNDP Confirming Interest and Availability.docx - to be sent to e-mail ba.shared.hr@undp.org with Subject: Job ID 101462.

Due to a long period of neglect and under-investment, urban infrastructure in BiH, public and residential buildings, energy systems and utilities, waste management, and transport, are now in need of expansion and modernization. From a global environmental standpoint, this situation contributes to a steady increase in greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions, primarily associated with energy use in public facilities. Public facilities are also the largest energy users and GHG emission sources in municipalities in BiH. Modernization, upgrade and expansion of municipal buildings, infrastructure, and services in BiH will improve the quality of urban life and achieve a range of important local and global environmental and sustainable development benefits.

To achieve abovementioned, the “Catalyzing environmental finance for low-carbon urban development” Project (UrbanLED) strives to leverage investment for transformational shift towards low-carbon urban development (LCUD) in Bosnia and Herzegovina thereby promoting safer, cleaner, and healthier cities and reducing urban GHG emissions. To enable this transformational shift, the Project provides technical support towards the implementation of technically and economically feasible low-carbon solutions in key urban sectors and promotes their wider uptake by municipalities and private sector via dedicated financial mechanisms. The Project has been financed by Global Environment Facility (GEF) and is directly implemented by UNDP Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Office.

Under Component 1. Project will work on development of necessary regulations for instituting polluters pay principle (PPP) and improving the system for collecting PPP fees. The PPP principle is one of the most commonly used tools for environment protection. It is based on principle that those who produce pollution should bear the costs of managing it to prevent damage to human health or environment. European Union (EU) Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) is frequently described as a border tariff on imports based on their carbon content and the PPP principle. Thus, the project aims to assess CBAM impact on Bosnia and Herzegovina and lay the foundation for its implementation.

As announced in the European Green Deal[1], the European Commission has proposed a new EU target for 2030 of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 55 per cent compared to levels in 1990. To deliver on these GHG emissions reductions, the EU revised all relevant policy instruments in a ‘Fit for 55 Package’[2], that covers in particular the review of sectoral legislation in the fields of climate, energy, transport, and taxation.

As part of these efforts, the CBAM is a climate measure that should prevent the risk of carbon leakage and support the EU's increased ambition on climate mitigation, while ensuring World Trade Organization (WTO) compatibility. In the context of the ‘Fit for 55 Package’ the CBAM is not a self-standing measure. The role of the CBAM is to address the risk of carbon leakage and reinforce the EU's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). Thus, there is a strong relation between the EU ETS and the CBAM.

The EU's ETS is the world's first international emissions trading scheme. It sets a cap on the amount of GHG emissions that can be released from industrial installations in certain targeted sectors. Allowances are to be bought on the ETS trading market, though a certain number of free allowances is distributed to prevent carbon leakage. That system has been effective in addressing the risk of leakage, but it also dampens the incentive to invest in greener production at home and abroad. The CBAM is aimed to progressively become an alternative to this.

Under the ‘Fit for 55 Package’ revised ETS, the number of free allowances for all sectors will decline over time so that the ETS can have maximum impact in fulfilling our ambitious climate goals. Furthermore, for the CBAM sectors (iron and steel, cement, fertiliser, aluminium and electricity generation), the free allowances will gradually be phased out as from 2026. To complement the ETS, the CBAM will be based on a system of certificates to cover the embedded emissions in products being subsequently imported into the EU. To ensure a level playing field between EU and non-EU businesses, and once the full CBAM regime becomes operational in 2026, the system will adjust to reflect the revised EU ETS, in particular when it comes to the reduction of available free allowances in the sectors covered by the CBAM. This means that the CBAM will only begin to apply to the products covered gradually and in direct proportion to the reduction of free allowances allocated under the ETS for those sectors.

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is a highly fossil fuel dependent country, with carbon intensity about three times higher than the European average. This limits the country’s progress towards clean energy transition and EU integration. In 2020, BiH generated electricity in the amount of 15,390.67 GWh, out of which 67.85% came from coal. The most fossil fuel dependent industries such as electricity generation, iron and steel, cement and aluminium industry, are the country’s main economic pillars and exporters of goods.  At the same time, these sectors present the main sectors to be affected by CBAM. Given that the BiH’s main export partners are EU countries[3] such as Germany, Italy, Croatia, Austria and Slovenia, CBAM is expected to have a high impact on the country’s economy, as it will make it more expensive to import carbon-intensive products into EU, which at the same time can spur changes towards more sustainable products in BiH. Thus, the effects of the CBAM and ETS (as its complementary measure) on the BiH market has to be analysed.

To support the adjustment and for ease of CBAM and ETS introduction in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the National Consultant will provide advisory and technical services for impact assessment of CBAM and ETS on key sectors of Bosnia and Herzegovina and propose key legal, policy, operational, institutional and market measures/steps to be taken to introduce the CBAM and ETS in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The National Consultant will render technical support to the Climate Change Mitigation Program Manager, project team and government counterparts. The National Consultant will work under the overall guidance of and direct supervision from Climate Change Mitigation Programme Manager. However, on a daily basis the Consultant will work closely with the UrbanLED project team, Economist, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH (MOFTER) and other government counterparts.

[1] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1588580774040&uri=CELEX:52019DC0640

[2] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52021DC0550

[3] https://oec.world/en/visualize/tree_map/hs92/export/bih/show/all/2019/


Duties and Responsibilities

The task of the Consultant is to assess the environmental, economic, social, administrative, revenue generation and other impacts of CBAM and EU ETS measures on Bosnia and Herzegovina industries and country as a whole, and propose the key steps and measures to be taken for easier introduction of CBAM and ETS in BiH and reducing potential negative impacts that they may have on BiH industries and country as a whole.

National Consultant – Climate Change Expert for impact assessment and proposition of key steps and measures for introduction of CBAM and EU ETS in Bosnia and Herzegovina will provide the following services:

Task 1: CBAM and EU ETS impact assessment on BiH, which includes the following sub-tasks:

  1. Analyse CBAM and EU ETS related policy documents, including (but not limited to):
    1. EU Green Deal[1]
    2. Western Balkans Green Agenda[2]
    3. ‘Fit for 55 Package’[3]
    4. CBAM measure[4]
    5. EU ETS directive[5]
    6. Revision of EU ETS directive[6]
    7. CBAM Impact Assessment Report[7]
  2. Conduct a brief BiH export, market and industrial analysis with goal of identifying the export values, main export industries, growth indicators, production patterns, their carbon intensity and at least five key sectors/industries to be impacted by CBAM and EU ETS
  3. Assess the positive and negative environmental, economic, social, administrative, revenue generation and other impacts of CBAM and EU ETS measures on at least five Bosnia and Herzegovina key industries and country as a whole. The assessment of industries needs to give answers to questions related to direct and indirect economic and market impacts of CBAM and EU ETS measures on each industry, such as (but not limited to):
    1. How does CBAM and EU ETS impact industrial prices, production, value add and import/export displacement?
    2. What is the distribution of these impacts across market segments?
    3. How does CBAM perform alongside wider ETS reform (including removal of free allocations & carbon price increases)?
    4. How is the policy impacted by inclusion of scope 3 emissions?
  4. Develop a draft CBAM and EU ETS impact assessment report and present it to UNDP Project Team, MOFTER and other relevant government counterparts. The CBAM and EU ETS impact assessment report structure will be defined in cooperation with UNDP Project team, but initially is intended to consist of:
    1. Introduction: Political and legal context for assessment
    2. CBAM and EU ETS measures (background, objectives, achieved impacts, policy options, practical usage and expected results)
    3. CBAM and EU ETS in context of BiH (how does it translate to BiH – legal basis, BiH market overview and readiness for CBAM and EU ETS)
    4. Impacts of the CBAM and EU ETS on BiH as a country (environmental, economic, social, administrative, revenue generation and other impacts)
    5. Impacts of the CBAM and EU ETS on BiH key industries (environmental, economic, social, administrative, revenue generation and other impacts)
    6. Conclusions
  5. Collect comments and suggestions, and finalize the CBAM and EU ETS impact assessment report. The report should not exceed 15 pages.

Task 2: Proposal of key steps and measures for CBAM and EU ETS introduction in BiH, which includes the following sub-tasks:

  1. Conduct an on-desk research of current legal, policy, institutional and market framework in BiH, relevant for introduction of CBAM and EU ETS measures
  2. Conduct an on-desk analysis of already developed roadmaps, white papers, policy documents and initiatives that are connected to the introduction of CBAM and EU ETS measures in BiH, such as (but not limited to):
    1. Roadmap - Introduction of carbon pricing and emission trading scheme in Bosnia and Herzegovina – developed by the Energy Community Secretariat
    2. Energy Community Decarbonization Roadmap
    3. Initiative for coal regions in transition in the Western Balkans and Ukraine
    4. Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    5. National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP)
    6. The EBRD just transition initiative
  3. Conduct consultations with 10 key stakeholders (international organizations, institutions on national and entity level) to get a deeper understanding on current state of framework for introduction of CBAM and EU ETS measures
  4. Analyze legal, policy, institutional and market framework in BiH, and identify gaps and areas for improvement, relevant to introduction of CBAM and EU ETS measures
  5. Develop draft proposal for key steps and measures to ease the introduction of CBAM and EU ETS in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The steps and measures should be split into preliminary and adoption and transposition phase, and presented in narrative and table overview of following types of steps and measures:
    1. Legal and policy steps and measures
    2. Market measures
    3. Institutional and capacity building measures
  6. Present draft proposal of key steps and measures to UNDP, MOFTER and other government counterparts, and collect comments and suggestions in table form
  7. Develop a final report on introduction of CBAM and EU ETS in BiH, including (but not limited to):
    1. Introduction: Political and legal context
    2. Brief overview CBAM and EU ETS measures (background, objectives, achieved impacts, policy options, practical usage and expected results)
    3. Summarized impacts of CBAM and EU ETS on BiH’s key industries and country as a whole (environmental, economic, social, administrative, revenue generation and other impacts)
    4. Final proposal for key steps and measures for easing the introduction of CBAM and EU ETS, split into preliminary and adoption and transposition phase, and presented in narrative and table overview of Legal and policy steps and measures, market measures, and institutional and capacity building measures.
    5. Conclusions

The structure of final report will be developed in consultations with UNDP and MOFTER.

The National Consultant will cooperate closely with Economist engaged by the UrbanLED project.

It is envisaged that the level of effort for these tasks will not exceed 25 expert days. Due to the uncertain situation regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, final decision on modality of meetings with stakeholders and project team will be made in line with official recommendations. If not possible to organize face-to-face meetings, the meetings with project staff and governmental counterparts will be organized on remote basis.

Outputs will be written reports with regards to the Task 1 and 2 listed above. Written work will be supplemented by other requested consultation by phone, Teams, and in person.

Deliverables/outputs

#

Deliverables / Outputs

# of Days per Task

Due Date

Percentage

1. 

Report on CBAM and EU ETS impact assessment on BiH, approved by UNDP Project Team

10

November 20th, 2021

40%

2. 

Report on introduction of CBAM and EU ETS in BiH with proposal of key steps and measures to ease the introduction, approved by UNDP Project Team

15

December 15th, 2021

60%

[1] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1588580774040&uri=CELEX:52019DC0640

[2] https://ec.europa.eu/neighbourhood-enlargement/sites/near/files/green_agenda_for_the_western_balkans_en.pdf

[3] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52021DC0550

[4] https://europanels.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/COM2021-564-CBAM.pdf

[5] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:02003L0087-20180408

[6] https://europanels.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/COM2021-551-EU-ETS-1.pdf

[7] https://ec.europa.eu/info/law/better-regulation/have-your-say/initiatives/12228-EU-Green-Deal-carbon-border-adjustment-mechanism-_en


Competencies

Corporate competencies:

  • Demonstrates integrity by modelling the UN’s values and ethical standards;
  • Promotes the vision, mission, and strategic goals of UNDP;
  • Displays cultural, gender, religion, race, nationality and age sensitivity and adaptability
  • Treats all people fairly without favouritism;
  • Fulfils all obligations to gender sensitivity and zero tolerance for sexual harassment

Functional competencies:

  • Strong interpersonal skills, communication and diplomatic skills, ability to work in a team
  • Openness to change and ability to receive/integrate feedback
  • Ability to work under pressure and stressful situations
  • Strong analytical, reporting and writing abilities
  • Excellent public speaking and presentation skills


Required Skills and Experience

Academic Qualifications/Education:

  • MSc degree in engineering sciences, environmental protection or other related field.
  • PhD would be considered an asset.

Experience:

  • At least 10 years of experience in conducting research and providing consultancy services related to institutional, legislative, and strategic frameworks for climate change mitigation, experience from BiH preferred;
  • Scientific and professional experience in the field of analysis and planning;
  • Experience in data collection and thorough identification of documents for at least 2 different projects in field of climate change mitigation, experience from BiH preferred;
  • Intensive experience in knowledge management and networking in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Western Balkans and with international research/development institutions;
  • Experience in policy development and monitoring in climate change mitigation sectors in Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Experience in policy development in environment/energy;
  • Experience in networking in the region especially in the area of climate transition;
  • Knowledge of the data gathering process, organization and conducting thorough identification of relevant documents related to carbon market mechanisms.
  • Proven record of delivery of services demonstrating excellent data collection and analytical skills is required.

Languages Requirements:

  • Knowledge of English and local language in Bosnia and Herzegovina (excellent writing, editing and communication skills).

Longlisting/Shortlisting Criteria

Qualifications as stated in the ToR

Criteria:

Points

Relevant Education                          MSc degree in engineering sciences, environmental protection or other related field. PhD would be considered an asset.

max 15 points
10 points allocated for MSc/MA
+ up to 5 points for PhD 

Relevant professional experience          At least 10 years of experience in conducting research and providing consultancy services related to institutional, legislative, and strategic frameworks for climate change mitigation, experience from BiH preferred; Scientific and professional experience in the field of analysis and planning; Intensive experience in knowledge management and networking in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Western Balkans and with international research/development institutions; Experience in networking in the region especially in the area of climate transition; Proven record of delivery of services demonstrating excellent data collection and analytical skills is required.

max 65 points 

Prior work experience with UNDP/UN Agencies

max 15 points 

Knowledge of English and local language in Bosnia and Herzegovina (excellent writing, editing and communication skills)

max 5 points - will be assessed as:
5 points for fluency and the points decrease as per the level mentioned in the CV:
good - 4 points;
fair/upper intermediate – 3 points;
intermediate - 2 points;
beginner - 1 point. 

Technical Evaluation Criteria

Criteria:

Points

Rating based on Qualifications

30%

Experience in data collection and thorough identification of documents for at least 2 different projects in field of climate change mitigation, experience from BiH preferred; Experience in policy development and monitoring in climate change mitigation sectors in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Experience in policy development in environment/energy; Knowledge of the data gathering process, organization and conducting thorough identification of relevant documents related to carbon market mechanisms.

30%

Brief methodology on approach and conducting the work

40%

Evaluation

Individual  will be evaluated based on the following methodology:

Cumulative analysis

When using this weighted scoring method, the award of the contract should be made to the candidate whose offer has been evaluated and determined as:
a) responsive/compliant/acceptable, and
b) Having received the highest score out of a pre-determined set of weighted technical and financial criteria specific to the solicitation.

  • * Technical Criteria weight-70%
  • * Financial Criteria weight- 30%

Interested candidated must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications:

  • Personal CV/P11, including past experience in similar projects and at least 3 references;
  • Explaining why they are the most suitable for the work;
  • Provide a brief methodology on how they will approach and conduct the work; or sample of previous document/strategy/paper done by the consultant 

Please scan all above mentioned documents and upload as one attachment only online through this website.

Note:

  • For an assignment requiring travel, consultants of 65 years or more require full medical examination and statement of fitness to work to engage in the consultancy.
  • Due to large number of potential applicants, only competitively selected candidates will be contacted for remaining steps of the service procurement process.



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