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International Consultant to conduct an assessment of unpaid care and domestic work-policy and practice.
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Location :||Home based, BANGLADESH|
|Application Deadline :||04-Oct-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Gender Equality|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||30 days (in between October-December 2021)|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
Currently, more than 2.1 billion women and girls live in countries that will not reach any key gender equality targets by 2030 . Economic empowerment is one of these targets. Globally a significant part of care and domestic work is unpaid, and often the responsibility of women and girls due to deeply rooted social norms and gender stereotypes that shape people’s perception of who is responsible for meeting care needs. “The time squeeze on employed women is particularly severe forcing many to drop out of the labour market under pressures of the dual shift” . The 5R framework is critical to consider to assess situation of unpaid care and domestic work in a particular context.
The Unpaid care and domestic work are not counted as economic activity in labour force surveys nor incorporated in the calculation of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Socio-Economic policies around the world do not recognize unpaid work, rendering this gender inequality invisible, it is important to say parenting and equitable sharing of unpaid childcare for early socialization for positive, equitable social norms during childhood is critical. In Bangladesh women undertake almost five times more unpaid work than men, resulting from and reinforcing unequal power relations, gendered poverty, and gender-based discrimination .
The Generation Equality Forum, which culminated in France in July 2021, has launched six Action Coalitions to accelerate the progress toward gender equality; one of these is on Economic Justice and Rights. The Action Coalition blueprint sets out priorities for how to achieve economic gender justice, two of which are: to create decent care jobs to recognize, reduce and redistribute unpaid care work; and to create an inclusive and enabling legal and policy environment to reduce the number of working women living in poverty and decrease the gap in labour force participation between prime-age women and men with small children . The Bangladesh Government’s 8th Five Year plan highlights the importance to address unpaid care work by adopting Child Daycare Centre Act and commitment for extensive programme for early childhood development under mother and child benefit programme.
To counter the backsliding of women’s and girls’ rights in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, the UN in Bangladesh has committed to taking gender equality, the empowerment of women and girls and ending GBV to the next level and placed it at the heart of its future Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (the UNSDCF 2022-2026). Thus, the UN is in the process of developing a Joint Programming Framework (JPF), to deliver on this ambition. The JPF will act as an umbrella framework to ensure strong coordination of gender-related initiatives in the UN’s collaboration with the Government of Bangladesh and civil society.
One of the work streams under the JPF is to comprehensively address the gendered care economy through joint programming between the UN, the Government of Bangladesh, employers and workers organizations and civil society. A dual approach of transformative policy reform and scalable direct demonstration projects will catalyze gender equality through the recognition, reduction, and redistribution of unpaid care work; gender parity in the labour force and poverty reduction through decent work; and the realization of child rights by reducing girls’ unpaid care burden, and by ensuring quality childcare and other care services. The responsibility for care services should shift from women to the State and public policies and should be designed, assessed, and implemented with a gender equality, and child rights lens. Public service provision for early childhood care and education, elderly care, care for people with disabilities, water, sanitation, technology, primary health care, social protection and energy are critical sectors to address unpaid care and domestic work.
Addressing unpaid care work is one of the targets under Sustainable Development Goal 5 and policy actors are increasingly recognizing it as a critical issue for sustainable development in Bangladesh. The Government of Bangladesh has included unpaid care work as an indicator in the 8th Five Year Plan: indicator 71: Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, by sex. UN Women’s recent “Beyond COVID 19: Feminist plan for sustainability and social justice” recommends putting care at the centre of a sustainable and just economy by investing more in care economy to address care deficits. Care is critical but neglected, and women pay the price. The plan highlights the need to strengthen quality care services through partnerships between governments and communities. The feminist plan recommends creating accountability through broad based coalitions and strengthening gender data on care practices and policies .
Bangladesh is a significant country of origin of an estimated 11 million migrants in 151 countries worldwide. Official data shows that women migrants from Bangladesh are playing an important role in labour migration. The main destination countries are in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries (GCC), where primary categories of employment include domestic work, agriculture, construction and related trades, manufacturing, care services. According to Bureau of Manpower Employment and Training (BMET), there are demands for trained women caregivers in the GCC. As many women from Bangladesh may aspire to take up employment in care and domestic work sector abroad, skills and qualification recognition of women migrants working in this sector is critical for enhancing their access to decent work when migrating and after returning to Bangladesh.
Objectives of the Consultancy:
The key objective of this consultancy is to produce gender transformative policy and programming recommendations for the UN’s advocacy and joint programming to address the care economy in Bangladesh. The consultant will map and assess relevant existing policies and programmes that address unpaid work globally and locally in Bangladesh. The consultant will also explore existing market-based care entrepreneurship and employer supported care enterprises, related regulations, and existing certification programmes for care givers. Based on the mapping and assessment, the consultant will identify key entry points for the UN to advocate and work with the government to transform the care economy over the next five years (2022-2026).
Duties and Responsibilities
The consultant will work closely with technical support from UN Women, ILO, and UNICEF to
1) conduct a mapping and assessment of existing relevant policies and government’s commitment & programmes, best practices concerned with unpaid domestic and care work, formal and informal care work, job creation in the care economy, existing best practices of civil society organizations, market based care entrepreneurship practice, particularly for women migrant workers and relevant regulations, certification programmes for care givers, and the related decent work standards and child rights perspectives (child labour, childcare standards); and identify key entry points for the UN to work in collaboration with the Government of Bangladesh to address these and to support to 8th FYP, Delta Plan, Perspective Plan, graduation from LDC and achieving the goal of being high income country by 2041; and
2) Based on the mapping and assessment of the relevant global and local good practices; and identification of strategic entry points, the consultant will produce
(i) a set of gender transformative policy recommendations for joint advocacy by the UN to reform the care economy in Bangladesh; and
(ii) a roadmap for joint programming for the UN to work in collaboration with the Government of Bangladesh and civil society organizations and their platforms to promote gender transformative programmatic solutions to recognize, reduce and redistribute unpaid care work, and to create decent jobs in the care economy.
Duties and Responsibilities:
a. Mapping, assessment, and strategy development on transforming the care economy.
Duty station: Home based
Travel and DSA: Being home based work there will be to travel and DSA. However, if unforeseen travel outside the duty station not required by the Terms of Reference is requested by UN WOMEN, and upon prior agreement/approval, such travel shall be UN WOMEN expense and the individual contractor/SSA shall receive a per-diem not to exceed United Nations daily subsistence allowance rate in such other location(s).
Duration of the Assignment:
The assignment will be for 30 days starting from 20 October 2021 (in between October-December). Due to the COVID-19 situation the consultancy is home-based.
Supervision and Performance Evaluation:
Under overall guidance of UN Women Country Representative, the selected consultant will work closely with the relevant agency focal points and members of the Gender Equality Theme Group (GETG) of the UN.
Expected Deliverables and Payment Modalities
Payments will be made on monthly based on deliverables as follows.
UN Women focal points will conduct a performance evaluation at the end of the assignment.
Required Skills and Experience
Master’s degree or equivalent in Economics, Development Studies, Women and Gender Studies or Public Policy and Governance or Political Science or other relevant Social Science discipline.
Price Proposal and Schedule of Payments
Consultant must send a financial proposal based on Lump Sum Amount. The total amount quoted shall be all-inclusive and include all
Evaluation Method and Criteria:
The award of the contract will be made to the individual consultant up on Cumulative Analysis/evaluation and determined as:
Criteria-03; Proven credible experience of working with the government, the UN and development agencies on gender equality issues. Max Point 20
Criteria-04; Number of years of experience on programme strategy development and research in gender equality and women’s economic empowerment areas. Max Point 30
The total number of points allocated for the technical qualification component is 100. The technical qualification of the individual is evaluated based on following technical qualification evaluation criteria:
Only the candidates who have attained a minimum of 70% of total points (70) will be considered as technically-qualified candidate.
Interested candidates will submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications.
To be included as part of the proposal:
Only applications including all items mentioned above will be considered.
NOTE: Documents required before contract signing:
UN Personal History Form;
Note: The individual consultant who does not meet the above eligibility criteria shall not be considered for further evaluation. Necessary documentation must be submitted to substantiate the above eligibility criteria