BBRSO152936:Gender Responsive Livelihood Assessment - Impact of Climate Change on the Kalinago People and Community in the Commonwealth of Dominica


Location : Commonwealth of Dominica, BARBADOS
Application Deadline :17-Oct-21 (Midnight New York, USA)
Type of Contract :Individual Contract
Post Level :International Consultant
Languages Required :
English  
Starting Date :
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
01-Nov-2021
Duration of Initial Contract :95 calendar days over 4 months
Expected Duration of Assignment :95 calendar days over 4 months

UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.

UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.


Background

Administration:

To apply, interested persons should upload the combined* Technical Proposal/Methodology (if applicable), CV and Offeror’s Letter to “UNDP Jobs” by navigating to the link below and clicking “APPLY NOW”, no later than the date indicated on the “UNDP Jobs” website. Applications submitted via email will not be accepted**: -

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* PLEASE NOTE: The system allows the upload of one (1) document ONLY – if you are required to submit a Technical Proposal/Methodology, this document along with your CV/P11 and Offeror’s Letter, MUST be combined and uploaded as one.

NOTE: The Financial Proposal should not be uploaded to “UNDP Jobs”**.

<IMPORTANT>

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Background: 

The physical impacts of climate change and disasters  are being seen to compound pervasive structural inequalities and socioeconomic vulnerabilities since gender equality and human rights are given insufficient consideration required in climate change mitigation and adaptation, and in disaster risk, recovery, and response. Women and men typically respond and react differently at various stages of disaster and recovery; and the groups with the least knowledge and capacity to take short-term measures to limit impacts from climate-related disasters are often the most affected.

Thanks to the generous contribution from Global Affairs Canada and the UK Government, EnGenDER seeks to further integrate gender equality and human-rights based approaches into disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change (CC) adaptation and mitigation, environmental management frameworks and interventions. EnGenDER will also identify and address some of the gaps to ensure equal access to DRR and climate change and environmental solutions for men, women, boys, and girls in nine Caribbean countries (Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Suriname). 

Appreciating that the nine participating Caribbean countries are at different stages of removing barriers to gender equality and integrating gender-based analysis into climate change, as well as disaster recovery, EnGenDER therefore aims to empower governments to take ownership of their disaster risks and exposure with better national arrangements to deal with possible large-scale recovery needs, including improved shock responsiveness in national systems and better social protection finance tools for the most vulnerable.

The Offer of Complementary Funding (OCF) Initiative under the EnGenDER Project is supporting the Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica in developing the required assessments for their application to the Green Climate Fund for the project, “Dominica Kalinago Territory Climate Resilience Project: Building and Enhancing the capacity of vulnerable people in Dominica to be able to manage existing risk and the future uncertainties of a changing climate (DKRP).” Dominica is seeking financial resources through the Green Climate Fund to implement adaptive measures aimed at increased resilience of the Kalinago People and Community over the short to medium term.

 

The Kalinago people are the oldest remaining members of the Caribbean civilization and as a result of climate change impacts; they now face an existential threat to their centuries-old society and way of life that has been sustainable and in balance with Caribbean ecosystems for centuries. The Kalinago must now adjust and adapt to the reality of the new climate extremes, and the proposed measures that are being advanced in this concept note are part of an overall national strategy to achieve climate resilience and regeneration. Climate change, following centuries of genocidal impacts and occupation on the Kalinago lands, imposes further challenges to the lives and livelihoods of the Kalinago people, at a time when they have finally begun to recover within their own Territory. Particularly, Dominica’s vision of becoming climate resilient seeks to climate proof economic diversification, sustained sustainable and inclusive growth, employment creation, social protection and poverty reduction, environmental management, and cultural preservation.

The EnGenDER Project funds will therefore support the development of a livelihood assessment for Dominica’s indigenous population to the current and project impacts of climate change. The recommendations identified under this livelihood assessment will help to inform the priority needs of the indigenous population and  will provide guidance on how these needs can best be met. This aim is aligned with DKRP goal which is to assist with securing livelihoods through various components. This activity will directly contribute to the GCF application which aims to identify and implement climate change resilient livelihoods projects for affected women. This will contribute to progressing achieving SDG goal number 13, 1, 2, 5, 11, 10, 7, 8, 9, 4, 6, 12 respectively as part of the overall sustainable development priorities of the Government of Dominica.


Duties and Responsibilities

The work will be undertaken in the Kalinago Territory in Dominica. The Boundaries of the Kalinago Reserve which have been set out in the Government Notice No. 30 in the Official Gazette, Volume XXVI of July 4th 1903 are as follows: (a) Northerly by Big River, by lot 63 and the Balata Ravine; (b) Easterly by the Sea; (c) Southerly by the Raymond River and Crown land; and (d) Westerly by the Pagoua River, Concord Estate and by parts of Lots 61 and 63. The Territory is divided into 8 Hamlets including: Bataka, Cray Fish River, Salybia, St. Cyr, Gaulettte River, Mahaut River, Sineku and Touna Concorde.

Using the sustainable livelihoods framework as a guide, the Gender Responsive Detailed Livelihood Assessment is intended to answer the following questions informed by quantitative methods as well as qualitative:

  1. How are the Kalinago people (male and female) currently making a living?
  2. What are the effect of  climate change and other related hazards on their livelihoods?
  3. Which groups within the Kalinago community have been affected (livelihood types) and numbers?
  4. What are the projected effects of climate change and other related hazards on their livelihoods?
  5. What is the current information and knowledge on level of disruption to livelihood activities (including market disruptions)?
  6. What coping mechanisms and livelihood strategies have different families/households developed and how effective/damaging are these?
  7. What are the opportunities and capacities for livelihood resilience and diversification within the local economy?
  8. What types of activities are needed for livelihood resilience of the different individuals/households / communities?

Please note: The questions above are a simple guide and do not limit the analysis conducted.

1.1          Livelihood Baseline Data Collection

Livelihood Baseline Data will be collected to provide an overview of the general livelihood context, including the political system and decision-making processes; area and population information; social and gender profiles; relevant national or international organizations in the sector; vulnerability and marginalization context; national and state trends; economy and the institutional context as it relates to livelihood including private sector; and areas where livelihood interventions are likely to produce synergy benefits when combined with education or peace components. This will provide orientations for decision making on (a) constraints to the revitalisation of economic activities, (b) economic sectors where the intervention should be focused; (c) capacity building and training needs. The livelihood baseline data will be collected through a combination of relevant secondary data and discussion with key informants which will help to determine the return on previous investments and how the gain were sustained. The key aspects of the baseline data required will include:

  • General description of the Kalinago Community and People: This will include an overall picture such as overall characteristics of the local economy and to determine how its dynamic has been affected by climate change and which are the potentials and the conditions for a quick recovery of the livelihoods impacted; demographic information (age and sex population breakdowns, dependency ratios), sociological dimensions, socio-economic structures, decision-making processes within households and at the political level, and interaction with the wider society.
  • Livelihood profiling: The key secondary data to be collected and analysed will be concerned with various aspects of livelihoods, the extent to which they are gendered and how this gendering serve the Kalinago peoples. It will include the following:
    • “conventional/existing” livelihood activities for the Kalinago community and the number of people involved in these activities disaggregated by gender, age, community, level of formal education, etc.
    • Within these categories, it is also important to understand the specific types of economic activity (e.g., types of livelihood activities, small business numbers and types etc.).
    • For employment data, key parameters include: (un)employment figures disaggregated by sex and age group; employment figures disaggregated by occupational category disaggregated by sector and measures of key occupational wages and salaries disaggregated by sector and occupation.
  • Severity and exposure information: It is important to gather information on past climate change impacts and other related hazard impacts with data disaggregated by gender, age, community, etc.
  • Experiences and lessons from past implemented Livelihood focused interventions.

Key sources of such types of baseline data include:

  • Government census data and other relevant statistical reports
  • Official statistics of the area (from the local Statistical Office)
  • Statistical surveys  from government ministries, universities, non-governmental organisation (NGOs), UN agencies
  • The private sector
  • Socio-economic, political, and historical studies by research groups, governments, or university.
  • Existing geographic information systems in the area

Answering these questions, presents a picture of two-sided impact of climate change on the various kinds of livelihood losses (number of people whose jobs and income were lost); whereas the second side is additional demand for livelihood sources (number of people who resort to the labour market to make up for severe livelihood and income losses).

 

 

1.2          Quantitative Analysis: Impact of Climate Change and Related Hazards on Employment and Livelihood

Conduct a gender responsive socio-economic assessment and evaluation of existing and proposed livelihood strategies and activities using primary data collection tools (including but not limited to Assets Pentagon, Transect Walk, Community Maps, Venn Diagram etc.). The impact of climate change and related hazards on employment is comprised of employment losses (number of people whose jobs and income were lost) and additional demand for jobs (number of people who resort to the labour market as a coping strategy to make up for livelihood and income losses).

  • Employment losses: Loss of jobs can be estimated based on lost wages; self-employed workers or entrepreneurs, or their family help, who cannot work because they have lost their capital (infrastructure, equipment, or working capital -such as raw materials  or intermediate and finished products) or cannot use it due to destroyed roads, lack of electricity in the area, or other kinds of damage.
  • Additional demand for jobs: Besides the loss of existing jobs, there is also another kind of impact on the labour market as more people may be seeking casual jobs due to impact to their livelihoods without loss of their usual employment. This additional supply of labour includes people already in the labour force or people who were formerly in the labour force.

 

1.3          Stakeholder Engagement: Survey and Key Informant Interviews

Develop a Stakeholder engagement plan which identifies stakeholders from the Kalinago Community to participate in data collection tool. Gender sensitive methodologies should be used to plan and implement interviews, focus group discussion and consultations ensuring that the engagement is inclusive. The consultations should allow participants to express and discuss their comments and concerns in a safe environment and should foster informal dialogues and information sharing, for example in gender- and age-focused groups as well as ‘women or men only’ groups. The consultations should allow participants to express and discuss their comments and concerns in a safe environment and should foster informal dialogues and information sharing. Ethical codes of practice related to data collection using human subjects will be adhered to.

The core tool in the DLA is semi-structured interviewing (SSI) using checklists. Depending on time and expertise, additional tools may be used to supplement the SSI questioning. A Project Officer from the Kalinago Community will be contracted to support the data collection efforts and providing guidance on the cultural practices and traditions of the Kalinago people.

2.            Key Trends, Gaps, and Recommendations

Identify trends and interactions, aggregated data associated to these trends and summary of the findings. In addition, conduct a review of primary data , interviews, stakeholder consultations and focus group meetings to assess socio-economic context. This will facilitate capturing of the livelihood situation, that is the key thread of impact of climate change and related hazards on the Kalinago People and Community in Dominica. Findings from the DLA should not be purely qualitative.

Identify appropriate interventions for short term and medium term that contribute to livelihood enhancement. Incorporate, as available, existing relevant studies and reports that have identified sustainable livelihood opportunities and community needs. The process to offering recommendations requires data to validate the proposed option. Recommendations should clearly delineate the ways that the Kalinago People and Community can build forward better to increase the resilience of the households and communities to future impacts. The proposed project concepts emerging from the recommendations should support the preparation of livelihood adaptation and recovery projects which can be further developed to secure the financing partly or fully to support implementation. These project concepts should be linked to other related local and national interventions, and also provide a basis for livelihood opportunities that support community needs and sustainable outcomes. Recommendations should be practical and identify capacity development needs. The roles and responsibilities of all stakeholders who will be involved in livelihoods opportunities should be identified. Outline the financial resources required to implement/operationalize the livelihoods to include, but not limited to, capacity building, enterprise development, and marketing.

 


Competencies

Communication: Excellent conceptual, analytical, writing and communication skills.

Leadership: Ability to work independently


Required Skills and Experience

Postgraduate degree (MSc, MA, or higher) in Development Studies, Socio-economic Studies, Livelihoods and Governance, Sustainable Livelihoods, Gender Inequality, Climate Change and Livelihoods, Poverty Reduction, Risk Management, Sustainable Development



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