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National Consultant for providing technical, coordination and communications support for a scoping study and positioning on women’s economic empowerment in Bangladesh
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Location :||Dhaka, BANGLADESH|
|Application Deadline :||12-Oct-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Gender Equality|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||25 October 2021 to 10 January 2022 (30 working days)|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
UN Women, grounded on the vision of equality, enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; the empowerment of women; and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights, humanitarian action, peace and security. Placing women’s rights at the centre of all its efforts, UN Women leads and coordinates United Nations System efforts to ensure that commitments on gender equality and gender mainstreaming translate into action throughout the world. It has been providing strong and coherent leadership in support of Member States’ priorities and efforts, building effective partnerships with civil society and other relevant actors.
economy, lower wages, lower economic resilience, and autonomy, and vulnerability to highly gendered risks of exploitation. Their contribution to the economy has not been translated into inclusive and equitable growth, and their labour force participation has not been increased as expected, instead their concentration increased in informal employment. The Female Labour Force Participation (FLFP) rate is 36.3% compared to 81.4% for males; the ratio of women to men is 1:3 in wage employment. Most women are in the informal sector including temporary employment such as day laborers and in unpaid family businesses, along with unpaid care and domestic work burden.
In Bangladesh, women comprise of around 60% of RMG workers, and 30% of leather footwear and textile manufacturing workforce, and more than 50% of tea garden workers are female. Despite having higher concentration of women workers in the RMG and textile sectors, women’s contributions in many aspects to the economy are often overlooked. Furthermore, in rural areas, women often work as unpaid family workers, adding value to agricultural products through sorting, packing, and processing and as low-paid home-based workers. This unpaid labour is not recognized as economic gains to families and communities; therefore, it does not effectively translate into women’s economic empowerment. Women domestic workers are also catalytic for broader economic empowerment of women. By performing domestic and care work, employers of women domestic workers can spend more time working, running businesses, and engaging productively in social and economic life. Further, women domestic workers perform essential services by caring for children, the elderly, people with illnesses and people with disabilities.
Bangladesh is a significant country of origin, with an estimated 13 million migrants in 151 countries worldwide. Remittances from more than 13 million citizens abroad are very important for the country. Overseas employment is the country’s second-largest source of income, with remittances amounting to $21.75 billion in 2020. Between 1976 and 2020, an estimated 13 million migrated from Bangladesh to take up employment in foreign countries. About 924,415 women migrated from 1991 to 2020 from Bangladesh to different countries .
labour law coverage, social protection, and employment contracts. At the same time more women than men are losing their paid jobs in the formal sector. Previous crises have shown that when women lose their jobs in greater numbers, traditional gender roles tend to be reinforced, and this is already happening in the present crisis. Furthermore, following to the COVID-19 pandemic, many more people, both women and men, are required to work from home due to lockdowns and movement restrictions. These have also resulted in an increase in unpaid care and domestic burden borne by women.
With low level of literacy, skills, and training, combined with gendered social norms, and direct and indirect discrimination in laws and workplace practices for women, there are structural barriers for women to realize their right to decent work. This is compounded by a lack of gender-disaggregated data and evidence to inform policy improvements. As a result, women are less represented in the formal employment, over-represented in low-paid informal employment as well as in unpaid care work, and at higher risk of labour exploitation and trafficking. Women’s economic contributions are not being translated effectively into increased social and economic equality. Ensuring effective protections for women workers requires integrating their voices into labour policies, labour market planning, workplace practices and support services. This in turn is essential to realizing women’s full social and economic equality in Bangladesh.
In line with Prime Minister’s pledge to achieve gender parity in the labour force by 2041, a comprehensive national strategy on Women’s Economic Empowerment (WEE) is highly required to achieve gender parity in labour force participation. Taking into consideration the policy frameworks to promote inclusive growth, and such strategy should also address the issues in minimizing the gender gaps in employment, income and in ensuring the decent working conditions for both women and men. Along with supply-side issues for women’s labour force participation, there are equal needs for demand-side policies that stimulate employment and address other sectoral policies to contribute to the women’s economic empowerment of Bangladesh.
III. Overall Purpose and Specific Objectives: To provide substantial technical, coordination and communications support for conducting a scoping study and a review of existing laws, policies, and practices to draw recommendations for an inclusive national strategy development on women’s economic empowerment in Bangladesh.
Duties and Responsibilities
Specific Objectives of the Task:
The scoping study will explore the following but not limited to:
Scope of Work and Main Responsibilities:
Under the direct supervision of the Women’s Economic Empowerment Programme Analyst of UN Women Bangladesh and strategic guidance from Head of Office, UN Women Bangladesh, the National Consultant will work in close collaboration with UN Women and ILO technical team and International Consultant (IC) throughout the assignment.
The National Consultant will work in close collaboration with the international consultant to accomplish all the deliverables within the scope of work, but not limited to. She/he will provide intensive support to conduct literature review, KII (key informant interviews), gathering data/information, develop preliminary reports, provide logistics and technical support to International Consultant and UN Women team for the following areas as mentioned below:
The scope of work will include:
Contract Period and Work Location
The National Consultant will be based in Dhaka, Bangladesh and work at the UN Women Office if required. (The working modality will be determined based on COVID-19 situation and the UN protocol and the Government rules and regulation.) Travel costs and daily subsistence allowance (DSA) for authorized travel outside of Dhaka, Bangladesh will be provided, if required.
Duration of assignment: 25 October 2021 to 10 January 2022 (30 working days)
Supervision and performance evaluation: The national consultant will work under the direct supervision of the Programme Analyst, Women’s Economic Empowerment, UN Women Bangladesh
Travel and DSA: If needed (subject to COVID-19 protocol for movement). The working modality will be determined based on the COVID-19 situation and the UN protocol and the Government rules and regulation. Travel costs and Daily Subsistence Allowance (DSA) for authorized travel outside of Dhaka, Bangladesh will be provided, if required. But NO DSA and Travel will be provided at Duty station which is based on Dhaka.
Required Skills and Experience
Fluency in written and spoken English and Bangla is required.