The Spotlight Initiative regional programme for Central Asia and Afghanistan is part of a global initiative funded by the European Union aimed at combating various forms of violence against women and girls (SGBV), as well as harmful practices. In Central Asia and Afghanistan, the programme focuses on using innovative approaches to understanding, preventing, and responding to sexual and gender-based
violence and harmful practices. The initiative is coordinated by the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Kazakhstan and is implemented through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UN Women and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The Spotlight Initiative provides an opportunity for a multisectoral, coordinated, and holistic approach to addressing violence against women and girls, including governments, institutions, civil society, and other key stakeholders. Further information can be found at https://www.spotlightinitiative.org.
As part of the Pillar 5 of the Initiative (‘Closing the data gap’), a set of measures is planned to address the gaps in national data in the field of human and sustainable development. Working with the emerging Alliance against SGBV for Central Asia (outcome 2) and folding in representatives from the countries’ National Statistical Offices (NSOs), regional Standards for the collection of prevalence, administrative,
and perception data will be developed.
Given the underreporting and the sensitivity surrounding SGBV and harmful practices, technical and financial support is required to review the methodologies and types of data collection available in other countries and bring that expertise through regional exchanges. Further, investment is needed in setting up standards for the collection of all types of data on SGBV, including administrative data. A key issue remains accessibility of data in a user-friendly manner, and one which links multiple efforts under the SDGs at the national and regional level to improve monitoring of these commitments. Further, there is an urgent need to bring together analyses on intersecting forms of discrimination and how/if this impacts one’s vulnerability to SGBV and one’s access to services, support and justice.
In this regard, the Regional Spotlight Initiative Programme plans to hire a National Consultant to support the research to fill the common data gaps for measuring the intersectional nature of inequalities and SGBV in Central Asia through collection of data and evidence and supporting the International Consultant on conducting quantitative and qualitative analyses on SGBV as it is experienced by those often vulnerable
and facing intersecting forms of discrimination, including women living with disabilities; women living with HIV; LGBTI community; mothers with many children, single mothers, migrant women, women with criminal records, and elderly women.
Under the direct supervision of the Spotlight Initiative regional programme Project Officer (SI Project Officer) and in close coordination with the International Consultant, the National Consultant is expected to support the International Consultant at all research stages including review and compilation of data and evidence for country and regional context analysis, organization of the consultations and data collection as
part of qualitative survey, development of analytical report, assistance in preparation of the analysis on the intersectionality1 and SGBV in the Central Asian region (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan). This analysis will help to: 1 ) identify the existing data and information gaps on intersectionality and SGBV in the selected countries; 2) assess how intersecting forms of discrimination impact vulnerability to SGBV and access to services, support and justice; and 3) offer recommendations for improving data availability to better tailor measures and services to the distinct SGBV-related needs, priorities and concerns of different groups of women, including but not limited to women living with disabilities; women living with HIV; LGBTQI+ people; mothers with many children, single mothers, women migrant, women with criminal records, and elderly women.
The research will be based on quantitative and qualitative approaches to identify the existing data gaps on intersectionality and SGBV in Central Asia, and how intersecting forms of discrimination impact vulnerability to SGBV and access to services, support, and justice.
The quantitative approach aims to:
• Map available (survey and administrative) data on SGBV in the five selected countries in Central Asia, demonstrate available indicators and primary data sources, including existing level of disaggregation, and assess potential for additional data disaggregation because disaggregated data that in addition to sex, also includes, race, ethnicity, disability, sexuality, etc., is crucial for understanding the role of sexism, racism, homophobia and other forms of discrimination as determinants of vulnerability to SGBV;
• Identify needs for new data on various forms of SGBV (e.g., intimate partner violence, non-partner sexual violence, harmful practices, trafficking and femicide) to fill in data gaps, along with additional level of disaggregation (e.g., sex, age, ethnicity, disability, income and geographic location), in line with international and regional commitments and standards and in line with national context;
• Highlight key challenges for SGBV data availability and disaggregation and offer recommendations for increasing the availability of data and filling data gaps on SGBV and intersectionality in the Central Asian region.
The qualitative approach aims to:
• Explore the impact of intersecting forms of discrimination on women's vulnerability to SGBV, and how the experiences of SGBV are shaped by the intersection of gender with personal characteristics/discrimination grounds, such as age, race, class, bodily ability, sexual orientation
and gender identity, geographical location, ethnicity and migrant background.
|• Assess the access to services, support and justice of different groups of women (listed above) who may find themselves in increased vulnerability to SGBV. Some guiding questions to be considered: Whether and how do existing services address their needs, priorities and concerns? What kind of challenges and obstacles they face to access the needed support? What type of services and support are needed? What are the possible implications for future interventions to address their needs? How can service provision be improved?|