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Policy Research: conduct baseline and needs assessment of youth participation in the Arab region
|Location :||Home-Based Assignment|
|Application Deadline :||03-Nov-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||73 working days over a period of (3.5) calendar months|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
An ESCWA study of civil society participation in public policymaking processes has shown?a number of?challenges facing civil society in Arab countries. Those challenges include lingering political instability and the absence of a conducive political environment for the active participation of civil society, dominant tribalism in some countries and conservative values of religious forces that hinder true participation, “weak political, legal, educational, socioeconomic and cultural reforms25?and the lack of civil freedoms. Some Arab countries do not have laws on the establishment of political associations or parties, rendering their formation illegal.?Compared to youth in the rest of the world, Arab youth participate more in protests and demonstrations and less in civic groups and in electoral voting.? ?
Political participation is a key pillar of active citizenship. Participation entails taking part in mainstream politics, including voting, joining a party or pressure group, campaigning, or standing for election. Participation encompasses more than elections - it involves participating in the public discourse through organized channels, petitions, and other forms of expression. However,?young?people continue to demand equal access to politics and equal scope to participate in society. Despite the peak of youth activism in the wake of 2010s popular uprisings, it is evident that in the mid-2010s the large majority of young people do not engage in public life through formal?avenues of political participation such as voting, political parties, or civil society organizations.26?In particular,?women’s representation in legislative bodies in the Arab States region remains one of the lowest globally, with an average of 18 per cent in 2018, compared to a world average of 24 per cent27.??
Young people have, however, continuously mobilized in grass-roots movements to address political,?social?or environmental issues. In Morocco, the February 20th protest movement emerged into public life in 2011 and managed to promote legislative reforms that were approved in a national referendum. Algeria, too, witnessed sporadic protest movements and activities in the wake of the 2011 popular uprisings but the 1990s civil war between armed Islamists and the military provided a forceful reminder for many that social turbulence may easily lead to years of protracted violence. However, this has not translated into tangible change on the ground.??Recent findings from the Arab Barometer show youth have little trust in governments, which are widely viewed as being corrupt, leading to a potential crisis of legitimacy in the region20. Youth are strikingly absent in national parliaments in Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon,?Oman?and Qatar, and only four countries feature specialized youth-related legislative committees (Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia and Yemen). A World Bank study on political inclusion in Tunisia28?highlights youth’s perception that the revolution was initiated by the young but co-opted by the “old” and established politicians. Persistent unemployment, worsening social justice, and the continuing patronage and regionalism of the old order have dampened the optimism ignited by the revolution.?
Despite growing interest in youth, most Arab countries lack a strategic vision for youth development. The region continues to address youth through unsustainable sectoral programs and projects, rather than by formulating national youth policies that would provide nationally-agreed-upon frameworks and realistic guidelines from which actions can be developed to enhance meaningful youth participation and development29. However, a small number of Arab governments devised national policies or strategies for youth including Bahrain16,Djibouti, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon17,[Palestine 18, Yemen 19?and more recently Morocco. Despite these efforts, the institutional setting of policymaking for youth has usually been restricted to one ministry (for ex. Ministry of Youth and Sports) with no mechanism for coordination with other ministries (education, labor, health, etc.), civil society, or the respective youth population, making it challenging to address the issues most important to young people. Overall, Arab countries have adopted multiple approaches in responding to the developmental needs of youth, ranging from mainstreaming youth in national developmental policies, to designing and implementing national sectoral strategies focusing on a specific issue30.?
With little room for independent civil society organizations, unconventional and volatile political and civic action has emerged?as a?way to?for young people to make their voices heard. Disenchantment?with politics has found a new outlet: Approximately four-in-ten Internet users across MENA say they use online channels and social media to obtain information about political events. Two-in-ten Internet users also state that they use the online channels to express their opinions about politics and society.31?The emergence of digital platforms and tools offer up new arenas for public discourse and pathways for increased participatory governance. Open digital tools such as the?Consul platform32?enable citizen driven participatory processes and has been deployed in the rebuilding of Garowe, empowering Somali communities to engage in initiating and hosting public debates on development issues, solution design, development of legislation, prioritization of development initiatives and (local) government planning arrangements, as well as enhanced participation in local government budgeting processes. These represent hopeful signals of how democracy can be re-imagined that would restore the social contract and enhance accountability and transparency in government.?
Within this context, through its Regional Youth Project, the UNDP Regional Bureau for the Arab States seeks to foster the value of co-creation and inclusion in public policy processes that concern young people. Based on the assumption that creating better interfaces between the people and the government will lead to more responsive and relevant public policies and services and ultimately better development outcomes, it seeks to support UNDP Country Offices and partner governments in working towards:
To this end, at the micro-level, UNDP is driving a two-pronged strategy in building youth’ agency:
Duties and Responsibilities
The UNDP Regional Bureau for the Arab States is seeking to commission a researcher, which will provide a preliminary baseline assessment about civic and policy engagement of youth in the MENA that is necessary to inform a region-wide, up-to-date support program tailored to country-specific needs and constraints.
The research will provide actionable intelligence on:
The researcher will help address questions around contextual challenges and needs, as well as feasibility of capacity building and policy incubation programs in each country. The UNDP is committed to safeguarding the safety and security of youth participating in programmatic interventions. Therefore, a risk assessment is a critical element of the research.
The following research aspects shall be investigated:
Research methodology requirements:
The UNDP Regional Bureau for the Arab States covers 17 countries. Given the complexity of challenges and constraints in a number of countries, 13 countries will be part of the initial research cohort so as to hedge against the risks of delaying the entire process, if the researcher encounters bottlenecks in one or more countries. A contingency plan shall be submitted as part of the technical proposal.
This research shall 13 countries:
The second phase of the research – not part of the scope of this assignment - will include the remaining countries, as well as the data analysis and report writing.
EXPECTED OUTPUTS AND DELIVERABLES
The contracted consultant is expected to achieve the below objectives within the mentioned time frame by working closely with the project team of UNDP. To meet the objectives of this assignment, the winning service provider has to apply the following:
Knowledge Management and Learning
Required Skills and Experience
Education: master’s degree in development studies, human rights, gender, law, or any related field.
DURATION OF THE WORK
The expected duration of the assignment is expected to be up to (73) working days over a period of (3.5) calendar months from contract signature date.
TRAVEL PLAN (OPTIONAL)
If any unforeseen travel outside the consultant home-based city is requested by UNDP and not required by the Terms of References (ToR), such travel shall be covered by UNDP in line with applicable rules and regulations and upon prior written agreement. In such cases, the consultant shall receive living allowances not exceeding the United Nations (UN) Daily Subsistence Allowance (DSA) rate for such other location(s).
SCOPE OF PRICE PROPOSAL AND SCHEDULE OF PAYMENTS
Interested candidates should provide lump sum fees for requested services with detailed breakdown. This amount must be “all-inclusive”. Please note that the terms “all-inclusive” implies that all costs (professional fees, communications, consumables, etc.) that could possibly be incurred are already factored into the final amounts submitted in the proposal. Also, please note that the contract price will be Deliverables/Outputs based - not fixed - subject to change in the cost components.
The contractor will be paid an all-inclusive Deliverables/Outputs based lump sum amounts over the assignment period, subject to the submission of Certification of Payment (CoP) duly certified or an invoice and confirmation of satisfactory performance of achieved work (deliverables/outputs) in line with the schedule of payments table hereunder:
RECOMMENDED PRESENTATION OF OFFER
Interested individual consultants must submit documents under point 1, 2, 3 & 4 to demonstrate their qualifications. Candidates that fail to submit these documents, the application will not be considered.
When the financial proposal is requested it should indicate the all-inclusive Deliverables/Outputs based total contract price, supported by a breakdown of costs, as per template provided. The terms “all-inclusive” implies that all costs (professional fees, , communications, consumables, etc.) that could possibly be incurred are already factored into the final amounts submitted in the proposal. If an Offeror is employed by an organization/company/institution, and he/she expects his/her employer to charge a management fee in the process of releasing him/her to UNDP under Reimbursable Loan Agreement (RLA), the Offeror must indicate at this point, and ensure that all such costs are duly incorporated in the financial proposal submitted to UNDP.
Interested candidates shall submit required documents to Job Advertisement Website (https://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_jobs.cfm) as one document not later than 03 November 2021.
CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF THE BEST OFFERS
This selection criteria will follow the Combined Scoring method – where the qualifications and methodology will be weighted a max. of 70%, and combined with the price offer which will be weighted a max of 30%; using the following evaluation criteria
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodologies:
Step I: Screening and desk review:
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodology.
Applications will be first screened and only candidates meeting the following minimum requirements will progress to the pool for shortlisting:
Technical evaluation Criteria max 100 points (Weighted 70):
Shortlisted candidates will be assessed and scored against the following evaluation criteria:
Financial Criteria - 30% of total evaluation
For those offers considered in the financial evaluation, the lowest price offer will receive 30 points. The other offers will receive points in relation to the lowest offer, based on the following formula: (PI / Pn) * 30 where Pn is the financial offer being evaluated and Pl is the lowest financial offer received.
Step III: Final evaluation
The final evaluation will combine the scores of the desk review and the financial proposal with the following weights assigned to each:
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the cumulative analysis methodology (weighted scoring method), where the award of the contract will be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as:
Technical Criteria weight: [70%]
Financial Criteria weight: [30%]
Only Individual Consultants obtaining a minimum of 49 points (70%) on the Technical evaluation would be considered for the Financial Evaluation.