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National Consultant-Context Assessment on Women, Peace and Security Situation in Ethiopia
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Location :||Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA|
|Application Deadline :||03-May-22 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Gender Equality|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||55 working days from May 2022 to June 2022|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||55 working days from May 2022 to June 2022|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
UN Women, grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; the empowerment of women; and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development. Placing women’s rights at the centre of all its efforts, the UN Women leads and coordinates the efforts of the United Nations system to ensure that commitments to gender equality and gender mainstreaming translate into action throughout the world. It provides strong and coherent leadership in support of Member States’ priorities and efforts, building effective partnerships with civil society and other relevant actors.
The UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) and its subsequent resolutions form the global Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. Built on the four pillars of participation, prevention, protection and relief and recovery, it reaffirms the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, peace negotiations, peacebuilding, peacekeeping, humanitarian response, and in post-conflict reconstruction. The WPS agenda stresses the importance of women’s equal participation and full involvement in all efforts to maintain and promote peace and security, urges all actors to increase the participation of women in peacebuilding, and incorporates gender perspectives in all United Nations peace and security efforts. It also calls on all parties to take special measures to protect women and girls from gender-based violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse, in situations of armed conflict.
The primary responsibility for implementing the WPS agenda lays with the UN Member States. They are primarily responsible for ensuring that national policies, laws, and budget processes align with their global commitments and obligations to Women, Peace and Security. National Action Plans (NAP) are tools that guide the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security agenda. As of September 2021, 98 countries have adopted National Action Plan on WPS. In April 2019, the Government of Ethiopia committed to developing a WPS NAP by August 2020. Though the NAP on WPS is not developed yet, the government, through the Ministry of Women and Social Affairs, is taking action to initiate the development of the National Action Plan.
Women constitute half of Ethiopia’s population. Recognizing their numerical strength, potential and vitality, the Ethiopian government, over the last two decades, has put in place a number of policies, strategies and laws that are designed to advance the empowerment of women in all spheres of life. The Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE), adopted in 1995, establishes the equal rights of women and men across economic, social and political spheres, including education, employment, and access to and management of resources. Ethiopia is also a party to various international human rights instruments.
However, despite the various measures undertaken by the government of Ethiopia over the years, women continue to be one of the most marginalized and vulnerable groups in all aspects as compared to men. The conflicts and violence in the country have also affected women differently than men. There are substantial reports of rape, conflict-related sexual violence and killings, which have exacerbated existing vulnerabilities and contributed to the breakdown of social support systems and separation of families. As a result of the conflict, an estimated 4.24 million are internally displaced in Ethiopia, and 145,000 Ethiopians have sought asylum in neighbouring countries.
Post conflict recovery is one of the pillars of UNSCR 1325. this resolution its signatories to include women in post-conflict relief and recovery activities and to address their needs by investing in economic and social security sectors. Similarly, UNSCR 1889 (2009) reaffirmed previous resolutions on the Women, Peace and Security agenda and called on states to protect women by addressing women’s needs in post-conflict situations. It reaffirms the imperative of women’s effective participation in post-conflict decision making and peacebuilding processes to ensure their sustainability. State and non-state actors must avail resources for advancing gender equality in post-conflict situations as an integral part of peacebuilding. Specifically, stakeholders should strengthen women’s organizations’ capacities to represent them in peacebuilding activities and different levels of negotiation, including reporting on their exclusion from participation in post-conflict peacebuilding activities.
Women’s economic insecurity, low human capital base (education and health), and lack of access to sustainable livelihoods are some of the obstacles to peacebuilding identified in UNSCR 1889, and, although not mentioned explicitly in UNSCR 1325 (2000), these are relevant matters to address and redress in economic recovery contexts or in NAPs on UNSCR 1325.
In addition to context assessment two other assessments on normative framework, and Institutional audit will be conducted. The normative framework assessment will look into the identifying needs for legislative and policy reforms and advocacy interventions and to provide knowledge on the legal and policy gaps that exist regarding Women Peace and Security. The institutional audit focus on institution-specific information on existing capacities, priorities, risks, achievements, levels of commitment, and challenges related to WPS in Ethiopia and aims to assess the gender policies of institutions, availability of human resources, financial resources and organizational culture in relevant institutions working on women, peace and security in Ethiopia.
Through these context assessments, the objective is to identify opportunities to bolster implementation efforts as well as areas that can impede the implementation of the WPS agenda in Ethiopia.
The objective of the context assessment on women, peace and security is to provide a comprehensive overview and analysis of the current situation in Ethiopia. It examines the intersection of gender and peace and security issues within different political, socio-economic and cultural contexts in Ethiopia. The assessment will inform the adoption of the National Action Plan in Ethiopia through the provision of analysis about the ways men and women are affected differently by security threats, discrimination and violence, the level of women’s political participation or lack of and extent of gender-based violence in conflict settings. Specifically, it will provide evidence of women’s involvement in traditional conflict-resolution mechanisms, local governance and decision-making processes and identify opportunities for strengthening these good practices.
UN Women ECO is thus looking to hire two consultants to undertake a context assessment of the following pillars of UNSCR 1325 to analyze and identify gaps and potential activities for NAPs:
Duties and Responsibilities
Expected functional competencies:
Expected core values and competencies:
Required Skills and Experience
In addtion to your CV/P11, applicancts must submit above mentioned required doucments via email firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com with a subject " Context Assessment "