National Consultant-Review of National and International Normative Frameworks Related to the Women, Peace and Security Agenda



Advertised on behalf of :

Location : Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (home-based), ETHIOPIA
Application Deadline :10-May-22 (Midnight New York, USA)
Additional Category :Gender Equality
Type of Contract :Individual Contract
Post Level :National Consultant
Languages Required :
English  
Starting Date :
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
16-May-2022
Duration of Initial Contract :20 working days from May 2022 to June 2022
Expected Duration of Assignment :20 working days from May 2022 to June 2022

UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.

UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.


Background

UN Women, grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; the empowerment of women; and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development. Placing women’s rights at the centre of all its efforts, the UN Women leads and coordinates the efforts of the United Nations system to ensure that commitments to gender equality and gender mainstreaming translate into action throughout the world. It provides strong and coherent leadership in support of Member States’ priorities and efforts, building effective partnerships with civil society and other relevant actors.

The UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) and its subsequent resolutions form the global Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. Built on the four pillars of participation, prevention, protection and relief and recovery, it reaffirms the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, peace negotiations, peacebuilding, peacekeeping, humanitarian response, and in post-conflict reconstruction. The WPS agenda stresses the importance of women’s equal participation and full involvement in all efforts to maintain and promote peace and security, urges all actors to increase the participation of women in peacebuilding, and incorporates gender perspectives in all United Nations peace and security efforts. It also calls on all parties to take special measures to protect women and girls from gender-based violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse, in situations of armed conflict.

The primary responsibility for implementing the WPS agenda lies with the UN Member States. They are primarily responsible for ensuring that national policies, laws, and budget processes align with their global commitments and obligations to Women, Peace and Security. National Action Plans (NAP) are tools that guide the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security agenda. As of September 2021, 98 countries have adopted National Action Plan on WPS.  In April 2019, the Government of Ethiopia committed to developing a WPS NAP by August 2020. Though the NAP on WPS is not developed yet, the government, through the Ministry of Women and Social Affairs, is taking action to initiate the development of the National Action Plan.

 

Ethiopia is party to multiple international legal instruments that recognise the rights of women and girls, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa. Many national legal and policy frameworks aim at increasing equality between women and men in the country. These include documents such as the National Women’s Policy and the National Plan of Action for Gender Equality. However, according to a recent mapping of initiatives and entities working on Women, Peace and Security in Ethiopia conducted by UN Women Ethiopia Country Office (ECO), the adoption of WPS related policies is lacking. In April 2019, the Government of Ethiopia committed to developing a NAP on WPS by August 2020. Though the NAP on WPS is not developed yet, the government, through the Ministry of Women and Social Affairs (MoWSA), is taking action to initiate the elaboration and adoption process of its first National Action Plan. To support the development and implement the WPS agenda, it is essential to have up-to-date knowledge of the existing legal and normative frameworks related to the WPS agenda and existing gaps in addressing those at the policy level. This concept note is therefore prepared to conduct a comprehensive review of the normative frameworks at the national and international levels related to the WPS agenda

Furthermore, in addition to the normative review, two other assessments will be conducted; one on the general context, which will focus on providing a comprehensive overview and analysis of the current situation in Ethiopia. It will examine the intersection of gender and peace and security issues within different political, socio-economic and cultural contexts in Ethiopia. The assessment will inform the adoption of the National Action Plan in Ethiopia by analysing how men and women are affected differently by security threats, discrimination and violence, the level of women’s political participation or lack of and the extent of gender-based violence in conflict settings. Specifically, it will provide evidence of women’s involvement in traditional conflict-resolution mechanisms, local governance and decision-making processes and identify opportunities for strengthening these good practices.

The other assessment, an institutional audit, will look at institution-specific information on existing capacities, priorities, risks, achievements, levels of commitment, and challenges related to WPS in Ethiopia and aims to assess the gender policies of institutions, availability of human resources, financial resources and organisational culture in relevant institutions working on women, peace and security in Ethiopia.

Through these assessments, the objective is to identify opportunities to bolster implementation efforts as well as areas that can impede the implementation of the WPS agenda in Ethiopia.

Objective

The main objective of reviewing and analyzing the international and national normative frameworks related to the WPS agenda is to support government entities, UN Women and other stakeholders in implementing the WPS agenda, developing a NAP on UNSCR 1325 and identifying needs for legislative and policy reforms and advocacy interventions in Ethiopia. It will also provide knowledge on the legal and policy gaps regarding women’s participation in peacekeeping, peacebuilding and conflict resolution, security sectors and help define priorities.

Main tasks and scope of work

The main tasks of the consultancy are the following:

  • Prepare an inception report: The inception report should detail the consultant’s understanding of what the consultancy work is aiming to achieve and why; core tasks and proposed methods to carry out the tasks; proposed sources of data and data collection procedures together with data analysis techniques, proposed schedule of tasks, activities and deliverables. The inception report should indicate whether additional support is required to ensure a comprehensive review. The consultant should present the inception report to UN Women and its partners for feedback.
  • Undertake a comprehensive mapping and analysis of policies, laws and other normative frameworks related to the Women, Peace and Security agenda in Ethiopia. The review must cover legislation and frameworks that are specifically related to women and girls, gender-based violence, peacebuilding, national security, conflict prevention and resolution, as well as other relevant sectors
  • Undertake a comprehensive mapping and analysis of the extent to which international normative frameworks related to the Women, Peace and Security agenda have been adopted in Ethiopia. The review must cover all existing WPS agenda and other Security Council resolutions, treaties and agreements specifically related to women and girls, gender equality and the empowerment of women, gender-based violence, peacebuilding, conflict prevention and resolution, as well as other relevant sectors.
  • Include the experience of other countries on what type of laws and policies other countries adopt to meet their international commitments to WPS.
  • Submit a draft review report to UN Women and relevant stakeholders for input and incorporate those in the document.
  • Present the report during a validation workshop organized to solicit relevant stakeholders’ input and feedback. The consultant will chair the workshop, and UN Women will support the technical organisations.
  • Incorporate stakeholder’s feedback and submit the final report to UN Women.
  • Prepare a policy paper/brief based on the study review

The review must comprehensively cover all four pillars of the WPS agenda: prevention, participation, protection and relief and recovery. The focus of the mapping and analysis should be on the national frameworks of Ethiopia, supported by an overview of the related international frameworks. Each legal text is expected to be analyzed to determine how its provisions impact the implementation of the WPS agenda. A validation workshop will follow the desk review to solicit relevant stakeholders’ input.


Duties and Responsibilities

Deliverables

  • An inception report.
  • A comprehensive review and analysis report outlining international and national normative frameworks related to Women, Peace and Security.
  • Presentation of the report to UN Women, government representatives and other stakeholders at a validation workshop.
  • A policy paper based on the study.

Facilitation and Reporting

The review of laws and normative frameworks related to the WPS agenda will be conducted by a national consultant with the support of UN Women ECO and in close consultation with Ministry of Women and Social Affairs and other relevant government Ministries and CSOs taking part in technical committee of National Action Plan on Women Peace and Security. Assigned staff members of UN Women will be responsible for overseeing the overall development of the report. UN Women will be responsible for convening consultation sessions and the validation workshop.

Timeline

The consultant will undertake the assignment with the support of UN Women and in consultation with Ministry of Women and Social Affairs and other relevant government Ministries and CSO taking part in technical committee of National Action Plan on Women Peace and Security.

  • The assignment is expected to be completed over 20 days between May and June 2022.
  • The consultants are expected to develop and submit an inception report, a tentative outline and work plan within 4 days after signing an agreement. The tentative outline and work plan will be finally approved by UN Women.


Competencies

Expected functional competencies:

  • Ability to pragmatically apply in-depth knowledge and experience of issues and practices in the fields of judiciary systems; legal reform; gender equality; security; peacebuilding; and conflict resolution.
  • Strong skills and experience in presenting evidence and ideas for policy;
  • Consistently approaches work with energy and a positive, constructive attitude;
  • Demonstrates openness to change and ability to manage complexities.

Expected core values and competencies:

  • Respect for Diversity
  • Integrity
  • Professionalism
  • Awareness and sensitivity regarding gender issues
  • Accountability
  • Creative problem solving
  • Effective communication
  • Inclusive collaboration
  • Stakeholder engagement
  • Leading by example


Required Skills and Experience

Education

  • Master’s degree in peace and security studies, gender studies, human rights, law, sociology, political science or a related field. A PhD will be an added value.

Experience

  • At least 7 years’ experience working on gender, violence against women, peacebuilding, peace and security, conflict resolution and/or other relevant fields.
  • Proven experience normative and policy framework review and analysis.
  • Proven knowledge of international and national frameworks and policies related to the WPS agenda.
  • Experience in managing and facilitating round table discussions and consultations with stakeholders at both grassroots and national levels.
  • Experience in working with civil society organizations and government stakeholders.
  • Proven experience in collecting, analyzing and interpreting complex qualitative and quantitative data and computer skills including excel, SPSS, STATA14, EVIE.

Language

  • Excellent command of English and Amharic (written and oral) is required.
  • Previous professional experience with development agencies and the United Nations will be considered an asset.

Application:

  • All applications must include (as an attachment) a completed UN Women Personal History form (P-11) which can be downloaded from http://www.unwomen.org/about-us/employment.
  • Letter of interest explaining why they are the most suitable for the work
  • Technical proposal of no more than 3 pages outlining the applicants understanding of the issue to be addressed in the study and proposed methodology for the assignment, including stakeholders to be met
  • Sample work and contact details of clients for whom you have rendered similar services

Note:

In addtion to your CV/P11, applicancts must submit above mentioned required doucments via email  wpsha-ethiopia@unwomen.org with a subject " Normative Frameworks  "

At UN Women, we are committed to creating a diverse and inclusive environment of mutual respect. UN Women recruits, employs, trains, compensates, and promotes regardless of race, religion, color, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, age, ability, national origin, or any other basis covered by appropriate law. All employment is decided?on the basis of?qualifications, competence, integrity and organizational need. 

If you need any reasonable accommodation to support your participation in the recruitment and selection process, please include this information in your application.

UN Women has a zero-tolerance policy on conduct that is incompatible with the aims and objectives of the United Nations and UN Women, including sexual exploitation and abuse, sexual harassment, abuse of authority and discrimination. All selected candidates will be expected to adhere to UN Women’s policies and procedures and the standards of conduct expected of UN Women personnel and will therefore undergo rigorous reference and background checks. (Background checks will include the verification of academic credential(s) and employment history. Selected candidates may be required to provide additional information to conduct a background check.)



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