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National Consultant-Review of National and International Normative Frameworks Related to the Women, Peace and Security Agenda
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Location :||Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (home-based), ETHIOPIA|
|Application Deadline :||10-May-22 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Gender Equality|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||20 working days from May 2022 to June 2022|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||20 working days from May 2022 to June 2022|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
UN Women, grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; the empowerment of women; and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development. Placing women’s rights at the centre of all its efforts, the UN Women leads and coordinates the efforts of the United Nations system to ensure that commitments to gender equality and gender mainstreaming translate into action throughout the world. It provides strong and coherent leadership in support of Member States’ priorities and efforts, building effective partnerships with civil society and other relevant actors.
The UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) and its subsequent resolutions form the global Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. Built on the four pillars of participation, prevention, protection and relief and recovery, it reaffirms the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, peace negotiations, peacebuilding, peacekeeping, humanitarian response, and in post-conflict reconstruction. The WPS agenda stresses the importance of women’s equal participation and full involvement in all efforts to maintain and promote peace and security, urges all actors to increase the participation of women in peacebuilding, and incorporates gender perspectives in all United Nations peace and security efforts. It also calls on all parties to take special measures to protect women and girls from gender-based violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse, in situations of armed conflict.
The primary responsibility for implementing the WPS agenda lies with the UN Member States. They are primarily responsible for ensuring that national policies, laws, and budget processes align with their global commitments and obligations to Women, Peace and Security. National Action Plans (NAP) are tools that guide the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security agenda. As of September 2021, 98 countries have adopted National Action Plan on WPS. In April 2019, the Government of Ethiopia committed to developing a WPS NAP by August 2020. Though the NAP on WPS is not developed yet, the government, through the Ministry of Women and Social Affairs, is taking action to initiate the development of the National Action Plan.
Ethiopia is party to multiple international legal instruments that recognise the rights of women and girls, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa. Many national legal and policy frameworks aim at increasing equality between women and men in the country. These include documents such as the National Women’s Policy and the National Plan of Action for Gender Equality. However, according to a recent mapping of initiatives and entities working on Women, Peace and Security in Ethiopia conducted by UN Women Ethiopia Country Office (ECO), the adoption of WPS related policies is lacking. In April 2019, the Government of Ethiopia committed to developing a NAP on WPS by August 2020. Though the NAP on WPS is not developed yet, the government, through the Ministry of Women and Social Affairs (MoWSA), is taking action to initiate the elaboration and adoption process of its first National Action Plan. To support the development and implement the WPS agenda, it is essential to have up-to-date knowledge of the existing legal and normative frameworks related to the WPS agenda and existing gaps in addressing those at the policy level. This concept note is therefore prepared to conduct a comprehensive review of the normative frameworks at the national and international levels related to the WPS agenda
Furthermore, in addition to the normative review, two other assessments will be conducted; one on the general context, which will focus on providing a comprehensive overview and analysis of the current situation in Ethiopia. It will examine the intersection of gender and peace and security issues within different political, socio-economic and cultural contexts in Ethiopia. The assessment will inform the adoption of the National Action Plan in Ethiopia by analysing how men and women are affected differently by security threats, discrimination and violence, the level of women’s political participation or lack of and the extent of gender-based violence in conflict settings. Specifically, it will provide evidence of women’s involvement in traditional conflict-resolution mechanisms, local governance and decision-making processes and identify opportunities for strengthening these good practices.
The other assessment, an institutional audit, will look at institution-specific information on existing capacities, priorities, risks, achievements, levels of commitment, and challenges related to WPS in Ethiopia and aims to assess the gender policies of institutions, availability of human resources, financial resources and organisational culture in relevant institutions working on women, peace and security in Ethiopia.
Through these assessments, the objective is to identify opportunities to bolster implementation efforts as well as areas that can impede the implementation of the WPS agenda in Ethiopia.
The main objective of reviewing and analyzing the international and national normative frameworks related to the WPS agenda is to support government entities, UN Women and other stakeholders in implementing the WPS agenda, developing a NAP on UNSCR 1325 and identifying needs for legislative and policy reforms and advocacy interventions in Ethiopia. It will also provide knowledge on the legal and policy gaps regarding women’s participation in peacekeeping, peacebuilding and conflict resolution, security sectors and help define priorities.
Main tasks and scope of work
The main tasks of the consultancy are the following:
The review must comprehensively cover all four pillars of the WPS agenda: prevention, participation, protection and relief and recovery. The focus of the mapping and analysis should be on the national frameworks of Ethiopia, supported by an overview of the related international frameworks. Each legal text is expected to be analyzed to determine how its provisions impact the implementation of the WPS agenda. A validation workshop will follow the desk review to solicit relevant stakeholders’ input.
Duties and Responsibilities
Facilitation and Reporting
The review of laws and normative frameworks related to the WPS agenda will be conducted by a national consultant with the support of UN Women ECO and in close consultation with Ministry of Women and Social Affairs and other relevant government Ministries and CSOs taking part in technical committee of National Action Plan on Women Peace and Security. Assigned staff members of UN Women will be responsible for overseeing the overall development of the report. UN Women will be responsible for convening consultation sessions and the validation workshop.
The consultant will undertake the assignment with the support of UN Women and in consultation with Ministry of Women and Social Affairs and other relevant government Ministries and CSO taking part in technical committee of National Action Plan on Women Peace and Security.
Expected functional competencies:
Expected core values and competencies:
Required Skills and Experience
In addtion to your CV/P11, applicancts must submit above mentioned required doucments via email email@example.com with a subject " Normative Frameworks "