Municipal Empowerment and Reslience Project Review


Location : LEBANON
Application Deadline :18-Aug-22 (Midnight New York, USA)
Time left :2d 11h 57m
Type of Contract :Individual Contract
Post Level :International Consultant
Languages Required :
Arabic   English  
Starting Date :
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
01-Sep-2022
Duration of Initial Contract :8 weeks
Expected Duration of Assignment :8 weeks


UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.

UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.


Background

The impact of the Syrian Crisis on Lebanon has reached an unprecedented scale in the history of complex, displacement-driven emergencies. In April 2012, 32,800 Syrian refugees were registered or awaiting registration with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Lebanon. By October 2018, the Government of Lebanon estimated that the country was hosting an estimated 1.5 million refugees, a quarter of the total Lebanese population.[1] 

 

The refugee crisis places tremendous pressure on Lebanon’s services and resources, particularly at the decentralized level. Municipalities face challenges in providing adequate housing, ensuring quality public services, and in creating jobs for both host communities and displaced/refugee populations. Furthermore, localities with the highest concentration of displaced people from Syria, which include all large cities of Lebanon and their suburbs, consistently suffer from heightened insecurity, higher levels of tension and more exposure to violence than other areas in Lebanon.[2]

 

The above situation is further exacerbated by the current economic, political, and health crisis. Lebanon is facing one of the gravest economic downturns since the end of the civil war in the early 1990s. The World Bank estimates that in 2020 real GDP contracted by 20.3 percent, on the back of a 6.7 percent contraction in 2019. In fact, Lebanon’s GDP plummeted from close to US$55 billion in 2018 to an estimated US$33 billion in 2020, while GDP per capita fell by around 40 percent in dollar terms[3]. Public debt stands at 174 percent of the gross domestic product.[4] The latest rapid unemployment assessment by ILO found that unemployment stood at 37 percent in 2020. According to the UNESCWA, in 2020 more than half of the Lebanese people lived in poverty (55.3 percent), up from 27.4 percent in 2011-2012.[5]  Amid economic uncertainty and an extremely protracted crisis, challenges continue to deepen for many displaced, refugees, and Lebanese who face long-term poverty. Both Lebanese and refugees perceive those long-standing inequalities are deepening and competition for shrinking job opportunities and dwindling resources and services remain drivers of tension at the local level.

 

On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a pandemic and on March 15, the government of Lebanon issued the governmental resolution on the General Mobilization. The first case of COVID-19 in Lebanon was confirmed on 21 February 2020. As of 7 March 2022 in Lebanon, the total number of cases rose to 1,084,114 cumulative cases of Covid-19, and 10,200 deaths have been reported.[6] This complex situation puts tremendous pressure on the subnational authorities to deliver quality services and to create income generation opportunities for their communities.

 

Project Background

The “Strengthening the Long-Term Resilience of Subnational Authorities in countries affected by the Syrian and Iraqi Crises” is a project funded through the EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis ‘Madad Fund’ and jointly implemented by UNDP/UN-Habitat in Lebanon and Iraq over a period of 48 months.

 

The main objective of the action is to improve the resilience of host and refugee population in communities impacted by the Syrian crisis, through strengthened local multi-level governance systems, and improved access to basic services, affordable housing and income.

 

In Lebanon, the action is implemented through the ‘Municipal Empowerment and Resilience Project’ (MERP) – a joint UNDP and UN-Habitat initiative, in partnership with the Ministry of Interior and Municipalities (MoIM).

 

The Project’s geographic areas of intervention include three unions: the Urban Community Al Fayhaa, the Federation of Municipalities of the Northern and Coastal Metn, the Union of Tyre, and 92 of their member municipalities.

 

The Project aims to benefit host communities, Syrian refugees, and displaced people in the three targeted Unions of Municipalities, taking into accounts gender and the needs of vulnerable groups.

 

District

# Of Municipalities in the district

Targeted Union

# Of municipalities in the Union

Tripoli

4 (Qalamoun, Mina, Beddaoui, and Tripoli)

Urban Community Al Fayhaa

4 (Qalamoun, Mina, Tripoli, and Beddaoui)

Metn

54

Federation of Municipalities of the Northern and Coastal Metn

33

Tyre

62

Union of Tyre Municipalities

55

 

Project objectives, outcomes, outputs

The overall Project goal is to Strengthen the Long-Term Resilience of Subnational Authorities in countries affected by the Syrian Crisis.

 

The objectives and corresponding indicators and outputs of the Project are listed below:

 

Objective 1: Subnational authorities have enhanced capacities to engage in holistic, area-based planning and consider different scenarios that respond to the needs of host, refugee and IDP populations

  • Output 1.1: Efficient & timely municipal work processes to address impact of crisis are strengthened through an enhanced administrative interface
  • Output 1.2: Greater Understanding and awareness by all local actors of their role in managing the impact of the crisis achieved
  • Output 1.3: Strengthened sub national government capacity on raising revenues and financial management

 

Objective 2: Service delivery is increasingly responsive, and generates greater social stability outcomes, based on the needs of host, refugee and IDP populations

  • Output 2.2: Priority basic services interventions are identified and implemented

 

Objective 3: Subnational authorities are empowered to facilitate local economic development and have better access to municipal investment that benefits the extension of safe public services and economic opportunities for host, refugee and IDP populations

  • Output 3.1: An Enabling Economic Environment is Created with active engagement of Local Authorities, the private sector and LED associations
  • Output 3.2: Capacity at local level to identify develop, design, and implement interventions with an economic multiplier impact improved

Overall, the Project aims to contribute to achieving the indicators of the below-mentioned frameworks:

United Nations Strategic Framework (UNSF) (Lebanon):

 

Core UN Priority 3: Lebanon reduces poverty and promotes sustainable development while addressing immediate needs in a human rights/gender sensitive manner.

Lebanon Crisis Response Plan (LCRP):

 

Outcome 1: Strengthen the ability of municipal, national, and local institutions to alleviate resource pressure, reduce resentment, and build peace

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Target 1.4: By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance.

Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Target 5.5: Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.

Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Target 16.6: Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
Target 16.7: Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Target 11.3: By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries.

 

 

 

 

[1] Government of Lebanon and the United Nations, Lebanese crisis response plan 2017-2020 (2019 Update), Beirut, (https://www.unhcr.org/lb/wp-content/uploads/sites/16/2019/04/LCRP-EN-2019.pdf), Accessed December 2019

[2] The 251-vulnerability map identifies the most vulnerable localities in Lebanon. They host 87 per cent of the displaced from Syria and 67 per cent deprived Lebanese. Lebanese crisis response plan 2017-2020 (2019 Update)

[3] Lebanon Economic Monitor, World Bank, Spring 2021.

[4] Lebanon Economic Monitor, Spring 2021, World Bank.

[5]  UNESCWA Policy Brief No 15/2020: Poverty in Lebanon.   

[6] WHO Lebanon COVID-19 Daily Brief for 7 March 2022.


Duties and Responsibilities

The main objectives of this assignment are to review the Lebanon component of the action, by reviewing MERP approach and activities in terms of achieving impact and objectives, and accordingly, generate recommendations and lessons learnt to be considered during the final implementation phase of the Project and guide the design of a potential second phase. As such, this review will assess MERP relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability. Specifically, the review will be used to:

  • Improve future project design and implementation,
  • Ensure accountability, and
  • Increase knowledge and understanding of the benefits and challenges of similar interventions in future.

This review builds on an earlier conducted Results-Oriented Monitoring (ROM) exercise supported by the EU in March 2021, and it considers linkages and intersections with result areas spearheaded by the United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (UNSDCDF) for Lebanon[1].  Its findings can also inform the final evaluation of the Project, which is planned for mid 2023.[2]

 

This review will be conducted for the implementation period till to date (January 2019 – July 2022), and it is intended primarily for MERP team, UNDP/UN-Habitat management, and the Project steering committee, in addition to the project partner and beneficiaries, the Ministry of Interior and municipalities, and the Directorate General of Local Administrations

 

[1] UNSCDF for Lebanon is available here: https://unsdg.un.org/un-in-action/lebanon

[2] Upon approval of a No-Cost Extension till June 2023


Competencies

  • Knowledge on UNDP programming principles and procedures, the UN evaluation framework, norms, and standards; human rights-based approach (HRBA).
  • Demonstrates commitment to the UN values and ethical standards.
  • Displays cultural, gender, religion, race, nationality, and age sensitivity and adaptability.
  • Treats all people fairly and with impartiality.
  • Good communication, presentation and report writing skills including proven ability to write concise, readable, and analytical reports and high-quality publications in English.
  • Ability to work under pressure and to meet deadlines.
  • Flexible and responsive to changes and demands.
  • Client-oriented and open to feedback.


Required Skills and Experience

Education

  • At least Master’s degree in Social Sciences, Public Policy/Administration, economics, Development Studies, Local Governance, or other fields relevant to the assignment.

Experience

  • At least ten years of professional expertise working with International Organizations on local governance, local economic development, decentralization, socio-economic stabilization, crisis response and recovery, or development.
  • At least ten years of experience in project design, monitoring, and evaluation methodologies and approaches.
  • Proven experience in evaluating projects of a similar nature and scope in Lebanon.
  • Proven experience in data collection, instruments development, and qualitative and quantitative data analysis is essential.
  • Proven experience conducting evaluations within the United Nations system is strongly prefeed. 
  • Proven experience analytical and problem-solving skills and the ability to draft recommendations
  • Excellent report writing skills.
  • Excellent knowledge of the Lebanese system and context.
  • Proven experience working with Lebanese public institutions and sub-national authorities is strongly preferred.

The application must include all of the following Mandatory documents:- Please refer to the link : https://procurement-notices.undp.org/  to reach the above documents

  1. P11,
  2. Technical Proposal,
  3. Annex 3 (Offerors Letter) and
  4. Financial proposal

 



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