Plastics are petroleum-based products derived from non-renewable sources produced by heating hydrocarbons in a cracking process & polymerization. Plastics can be moulded into a permanent or a temporary object. There are about 50 different groups of plastics, with hundreds of different varieties.
In India, the consumption of plastic, in the day to day human life, in different forms is increasing by an average of 10% every year. By 2020, plastics consumption of the country is expected to 20 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA). Some of the examples of plastic consumption include plastic bags. Plastic coatings, plastic furniture, plastic sheets, plastic fittings, plastic tanks, plastic toys, plastic buckets, plastic sanitary ware, plastic stationery, etc.
The advantages of plastic include: Resistance to chemicals, water and impact; Good safety and hygiene properties for food packaging; Excellent thermal and electrical insulation properties; Relatively inexpensive to produce; Lighter weight than competing materials, reducing fuel consumption during transportation, etc. Like other consumables, plastic also have few disadvantages as it is not readily decomposable, difficult to recycle, non-renewable, hard to reuse and pose threat to animals and environment.
Plastic materials like carry bags, bottles disposable plastic plates, cups, glass, etc. having no resale value are just thrown out & littered around by the habit of people, which contributes to generation of plastic waste leading to a serious problem for municipal solid waste (MSW) management. Rapid urbanization, population growth and industrial development have increased the consumption of plastic in India, leading to a proportional increase in the quantity of plastic waste generation. Plastic waste constitutes about 9 % of total MSW generated in the country per day. India generates 5.6 million metric tons of plastic waste annually, according to a report from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Govt. of India, in year 2015-16.
Brief on Project
This initiative is designed to minimize negative impacts and risks to environment and to human health in India, by enhancing sustainable Plastic Waste Management practices, through a socio-technical model (segregation/collection/ recycling) while ensuring compliance with regulations, to improve use of resources and in line with Swachh Bharat Mission in India; in this project the waste pickers (Safai Saathi’s) will be institutionalized with respective governance mechanisms and attain improved social conditions. Project’s targets at the end of period are, to better manage an amount more than 85,000 MT/year of plastic waste and to improve socio-economic conditions of 30,000 plus Safaii Saathi’s. To achieve the project objective and outcomes, the project is structured in 4 components:
Component 1: Aims to develop support and implement an economically sustainable model (ESM) for packaging plastic waste management. This component focuses on developing and implementing the model at 50 selected cities in different States. It also entails support and active involvement of key stakeholders relevant to plastic waste management in urban areas in India for a holistic approach in convergence with the existing mechanisms and resources. This will also include an analysis of present regulatory mechanisms and practices followed, subject to relevance to ‘plastic waste’ in specific and current resources and technologies available as well as for creating an enabling environment, and covering under their umbrella the various kinds of plastic waste, including plastic bottles;
Component 2: focuses on design and implementation of Pilots in City Units (Swachata Kendras) for improved plastic waste management, in the administrative wards of selected 50 cities. Socio-technical approach is to be applied to combine improved technological development in handling, with the social aspects of waste collection and segregation. This component represents the core development of the project, from its results; projections will be developed towards implementation in the entire country;
Component 3: is directed mainly to design, sustain and provide elements to institutionalize Swacchata Kendra in governance bodies and to obtain improved socio-economic conditions for waste pickers. This is to be achieved by incorporation of the plastic waste management model, and its main stakeholders presence and importance, into urban local bodies at city, state and national levels; by obtaining Safaii Mitras’ activities recognition as a service to society, with the corresponding starting up of their mainstreaming; and by fostering and strengthening self-help groups for Safaii Mitra living improvements of their way of life;
Component 4: is aimed to develop a knowledge management, monitoring and communication mechanisms, which will be based in an in-built adoptive feedback system from project results at various stages along the entire duration. Adequate governance mechanisms will be established in order to assure proper recycling methods adopted.
Some of the plastic will be utilized by the women SHGs for enterprise development. This integrated plastic waste management approach will have following benefits at social, economic and environmental levels:
- Creation of employment opportunities for Safaii Mitras with Dignity & Respect
- Enterprise development by creating women self-help group to empower women.
- Developing an efficient system of waste collection and segregation
- Reduction of Transportation Costs (owing to bailing of waste Vs transporting loose waste)
- Huge savings for Cement factories in terms of fuel cost (calorific value of plastic is 1.5 times more than that of coal)
- Reduction in carbon emission from burning of plastic waste instead of coal
- Prevention of choking of sewage lines ensuring health and hygiene and avoiding flooding during rainy seasons
The project will be on a partnership approach with various facilitating NGOs, municipalities, ULBs, Gram Panchyats, state regulatory authorities, State urban development dept, sate environment dept, RWAs and other stake holders. UNDP will extend its support for management of the implementation program at all the selected cities. The proposed project builds on the extensive experience of UNDP in the country on a diverse range of aspects including ecological restoration, water management, institution building, capacity development and community mobilization.
Duties and Responsibilities
Scope of Work
- Preparation of design and specifications of the machinery requirement at the different cities (annex 1).
- Preparation of BOQ and RFQ as per the machinery requirement at different locations.
- Preparation and finalization of Design & Specifications for the Machineries to meet the below requirement.
- Participation in Pre bid meeting and respond to the queries raised by bidders (if any)
- The Specifications of machines should include every detail of machines i.e., Electrical load, Material Specifications of each part of machine to be used for Manufacturing the machines.
Description of Requirements
- Plastic and Dry Waste Baling machine
- Hard plastic shredder
200 - 250 Kg/Hour
- Soft plastic shredder
200 - 250 Kg/Hour
- Plastic and Dry waste air blower
- Plastic and dry waste sorting conveyor belt
500 Kg / Hr.
Variable Frequency Drive
- Moveable Weighing Bridge
Electronic Pit less
- The specifications of the machineries should meet the required/ISO Standards.
- The specifications should be made taken into account field requirement, operational difficulties, Electrical, Mechanical safeties to make them safe for workers and environment.
- Functional & Technical Specification for the machineries.
- Latest design techniques in a cost-effective manner to be incorporated with Machines Design.
- Cost effective approach towards Design and output of the machines.
- Evaluation of the bids for selection.
- Any other point by the UNDP team.
- Verification of machinery quality, commissioning, and installation at the site.
- Design of machines and finalise specifications in line with the operational requirement set by the UNDP team and the market.30% (Within 30 days)
- To work with concept of work and environment safe in designing of Machineries. 30% (Within 60 days)
- Design, Specification and Estimated cost of machines to be prepared as per inputs given by UNDP Team. 40% (Within 120 days)
- The individual should consistently approach work with positive constructive attitude;
- The individual should demonstrate openness to change and ability to manage complexities;
- The individual should be able to prioritize assignment and requirements, and multitask as needed;
- The individual should be able to work independently with limited supervision.
Required Skills and Experience
The Technical Consultant should have professional qualification of B.E./BTech in the relevant field (EC, EI, EE, Mechanical)
- The Technical Consultant should have at least 5 years of experience in designing/working on the principal of plastic waste recycling machinery.
- The individual should have a technical background & understanding of similar type of machinery & its usage
- The individual should have at least completed projects of similar type in last three years.
- The individual should have an experience to be part of any similar high value procurement process.
The persons assigned by the firm should have fluency in spoken and written English and Hindi. Additional local language knowledge will be advantageous.
The award of the contract shall be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as Responsive to the requirement. Having received the highest score out of a pre-determined set of weighted technical and financial criteria specific to the solicitation.
Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 49 points (70% of the total technical points) would be considered for the Financial Evaluation;
• Technical Criteria weight - 70%;
• Financial Criteria weight – 30 %
Technical Criteria (70% of the total evaluation)
- At least three years of experience of working in academic/technical/ social development space - 20%
- Experience working with the Central/State Government and/or ULBs will be an added advantage - 20 %
- Nuanced functional research skills with attention to detail and academic vigour, with competency in management and tools - 20%
- Excellent demonstrated documentation skills vis-a-vis MS Office Suite and prior experience in developing evaluation reports/project plans will be essential - 10%
Financial Criteria: (30% of the total evaluation) based on the total all-inclusive lump sum amount for the professional fee for tasks specified in this announcement
Financial Proposal: Technically qualified consultants will be requested to submit their lump sum rate i.e. consultants who score more than 70% i.e. 49 marks with respect to the above-mentioned evaluation criteria (which includes both the technical and the interview). Consultant should not specify their consultancy fee on their CV or with the submission. The CV will not be evaluated further in case the consultant submits the same. When submitting CVs, candidates are requested to submit a document that is clearly responsive to the technical evaluation criteria.
Documents to be submitted by Consultants
- Letter to UNDP Confirming Interest and Availability for the Individual Contractor Assignment
- Updated and signed P-11 form for ICs
- No Financials (Daily Fee) to be submitted at this stage
- Any kind of miscellaneous charges i.e., internet, phone, relocation charges etc. would not be reimbursed.
- Travel, lodging and boarding as per UNDP rules subject to prior approval
- Individuals working with institutions may also apply, contract would be issued in the name of institution for the specific services of individual
(Requirement of the Machinery)
Machinery Requirements in the cities
Movable Weighing Bridge
Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh
No. of days required as per the workplan
Designing and Specifications for the machinery
Preparation of BOQ and RFQ as per the requirements
Prebid Meeting Participation and respond to queries (if any)
Evaluation of the Bids
Verification of the commissioning and installation of the machinery
Total no. of days