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National Expert on Health Tax
|Location :||YEREVAN, ARMENIA|
|Application Deadline :||25-Dec-22 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Duration of Initial Contract :||09 January 2023 – 30 June 2023 (90 working days)|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the knowledge frontier organization for collective action to realize the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). UNDP’s policy and programme work carried out at HQ, Regional and Country Office (CO) levels forms a contiguous spectrum of deep, local knowledge to cutting-edge global perspectives and advocacy. Within this context, UNDP invests in a network of field-based and global technical expertise across a wide range of knowledge domains and in support of the signature solutions and organizational capabilities envisioned in the Strategic Plan.
The Tax for Sustainable Development Goals Initiative, or Tax for SDGs, supports developing countries in augmenting domestic resource mobilization (DRM) and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Initiative sees taxation as both a tool for revenue collection and a policy instrument to encourage sustainable growth strategies and influence behaviour of economic actors towards desired outcomes related to climate, nature, wellbeing, and governance.
Leveraging UNDP’s role as an enabler, integrator, and catalyst at the country level, Tax for SDGs works to expand people’s choices for a fairer, sustainable future with planet and people in balance, and achieve the World as envisioned by the 2030 Agenda. Tax for SDGs is implemented by UNDP, funded by the Government of Finland and the Government of Norway. It works with Ministries of Finance, National Tax Administrations, and other stakeholders worldwide.
Taxation stands at the core of public development financing and is integral to achieving the SDGs. Recognizing the integrated nature of these goals, Tax for SDGs focuses on practical actions for capacity building, institutional and societal change in tax systems to support the financing and achievement of the SDGs.
Health, as the 3rd Sustainable Development Goal, is a key component of human capital, an enabler to continued economic growth and an essential part of SDG finance. It is a key driver of development and well-being. Non-communicable diseases, or NCDs, are the fastest growing cause of mortality worldwide. Health taxes were specified in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development for their potential to reduce the health burden and associated costs of NCDs while generating significant revenues for countries to finance their development priorities. Increasing or introducing excise taxes on tobacco products and sugar sweetened beverages are one of the most cost-effective and proven health and development interventions. However, perceived incentive conflicts amongst government sectors, particularly between the health and economic sectors, remain a barrier to their implementation. The ability of governments – especially ministries of health – to make a compelling, evidence-informed advocacy case for action on NCDs is crucial for reversing the trend of more and younger people falling ill, living with chronic and debilitating conditions, being unable to participate in labour markets, and dying of conditions stemming from these diseases and their associated risk factors.
In Armenia, where NCDs are the principal burden of disease, excise duties rates on tobacco products are set to be open to revision under new draft legislation expected in mid-2023, and this represents a significant opportunity to promote the increase of these. Furthermore, there is an opening to analyse the introduction of a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax in 2023-2024. To support its work on the intersection of tax and sustainable development in Armenia, UNDP Armenia is willing to hire a National Health Tax expert. The role will have principally an analytical focus, driving the estimation of fiscal impacts of increasing excise taxes of tobacco and introducing excise taxes on SSBs, but also a quantitative, political side, carrying out qualitative work as part of an Instituational Context Analysis on health taxes (ICA), supporting the Ministry of Finance in engaging with different stakeholders, and providing guidance on the expected opposition to these fiscal policy reforms in the country and ways to overcome it.
Duties and Responsibilities
UNDP in Armenia is seeking a National Health Tax expert to effectively support the work on Tax and Health within the UNDP Tax for SDGs Initiative and provide support to UNDP Armenia on guiding the increase of excise taxes on health-harming products. Under the direct supervision of the “Tax for SDGs Armenia” project coordinator and in close coordination with the Technical Specialist on Health Taxation and Financing, the National Health Tax expert will be responsible for:
a) Tobacco Tax Revenue Modelling
b) Policy Design (in cooperation with the Project Coordinator)
c) Tobacco Tax Advocacy Strategy and Institutional Context Analysis
d) Sugar Sweetened Beverage-tax modelling
e) Policy Implementation Design (in cooperation with the Project Coordinator)
f) SSB Tax Advocacy Strategy and Institutional Context Analysis
As part of the support in producing expected additional tax revenue as a result of introducing an SSB Tax, the consultant will support the development of an advocacy strategy for the Ministry of Finance to use, which will include:
g) Stakeholder engagement and outreach
Expected Outputs and deliverables
Required Skills and Experience
CANDIDATES WILL BE EVALUATED BASED ON THE FOLLOWING METHODOLOGY:
Candidates will be evaluated using a cumulative analysis method taking into consideration the combination of the applicants' technical qualifications, experience and financial proposal.The contract will be awarded to the candidate whose offer has been evaluated and determined as technically responsive/compliant/acceptable to the requirements of the ToR and received the highest cumulative (technical and financial) score out of below defined technical and financial criteria.
Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 49 points in the technical evaluation would be considered for financial evaluation.
Technical Criteria - 70% of total evaluation - max. 70 points
Financial Criteria - 30% of total evaluation - max. 30 points.
DOCUMENTS TO BE INCLUDED WHEN SUBMITTING THE APPLICATION.
General Conditions of Contract is available here: GENERAL CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT
Note: Please note you can upload only one document to this application (scan all documents that should be included in the application in one single PDF file and upload it).