UN Women, grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; the empowerment of women; and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights, humanitarian action, and peace and security. Placing women’s rights at the center of all its efforts, UN Women leads and coordinates United Nations system efforts to ensure that commitments on gender equality and gender mainstreaming translate into action throughout the world. UN Women provides strong and coherent leadership in support of Member States’ priorities and efforts, building effective partnerships with civil society and other relevant actors.
UN Women in Bangladesh supports the government to implement commitments to international normative standards on gender equality and women’s human rights. The new UN Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (UNSDCF) for 2022-2026 was launched in 2021 and the corresponding UN Women Bangladesh Strategic Note (2022-2026), defining UN Women’s strategic engagement in Bangladesh, has also been finalized. The country strategy focuses on strengthening the national structures and mechanisms for gender mainstreaming in policies, plans, and budgets; supporting efforts to prevent and eliminate violence against women; promoting women’s access to decent and safe work; promoting policies and government investment in women’s empowerment and resilience building in the context of climate change, humanitarian crisis as well as other threats to peace and security. UN Women works with a range of stakeholders in Bangladesh including the government, civil society, and women’s organizations, youth, UN agencies, and donors, to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment.
Gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) is a strategic policy approach to strengthen planning and budgeting for the implementation of gender-related legislative and policy commitments. It seeks to incorporate a gender equality perspective into the budgetary process to ensure an efficient allocation of resources based on identified needs and to restructure revenues and expenditures to strengthen gender equality and empowerment of women (GEWE). Global evidence shows that the use of GRB strengthens linkages between economic and social policy outcomes, enables tracking of public expenditure on GEWE, enhances participation and opportunities for civil society in economic policymaking, and contributes to effective and transparent planning and budgeting for enhancing government accountability.
The idea of GRB developed out of a growing recognition that government budgets which command substantial resources are not gender neutral. Given the socially constructed roles ascribed to them, women and men occupy different social and economic positions within the household, workforce, and community. Women enter the public sphere while shouldering most of the unpaid care and domestic work which constrains their equal access to education, the economy, and the overall human development process. Proper gender-responsive planning and budgeting can bring positive impacts on the lives of men and women.
In Bangladesh, the Ministry of Finance (MoF) in 2005 affirmed its interest in incorporating poverty and gender concerns into the national Budget. Notwithstanding the efforts made by the government in mainstreaming gender in plans and budgets since the late 1990s, it was the implementation of public finance management reforms that provided the much-needed impetus to the process. These reforms allow for needs-based, transparent, accountable, and participatory processes. Over the last ten years, the percentage of direct gender responsive budget allocation has increased from 24.65 per cent (2009-2010 FY) to 38.6% per cent (2023-2024 FY) in Bangladesh. To ensure the effective use of GRB allocation, the Ministry of Women and Children Affairs jointly with UN Women undertook an initiative to strengthen the capacity of line ministries to use GRB as a tool to mainstream gender equality across sectors.
While the Government of Bangladesh has taken several noteworthy steps to strengthen GRB. A rapid assessment of the GRB system in Bangladesh was commissioned by UN Women in 2014 (https://drive.google.com/file/d/1bL4dE4r-GSaLDvpaT0TQrF22IbiLBEdH/view?usp=sharing), the assessment pointed to several gaps in the existing approach. The assessment noted that there was no evidence of corrective actions taken by ministries/sectors to modify programmes/actions/strategies categorized as neutral or indirect gender-responsive projects to more gender-responsive. Moreover, it pointed to lack of conceptual clarity amongst government officials, wherein GRB was often misinterpreted as specific budgets for women. After the assessment in 2014, UN Women initiated a joint project with the Ministry of Women and Children Affairs to strengthen the capacity of government officials to better understand the implication of GRB in the sectoral ministries.
However, according to the 2014 study, the overall institutional setup for GRB requires more specific reforms such as the introduction of separate codes for GRB in IBASS++, a budget classification system, and linking GRB with the Public Finance Management (PFM) with a mechanism to measure the impact of GRB interventions of line ministries through monitoring and evaluation system.
The forward-looking assessment will provide a clear definition of GRB and its institutional framework, the assessment will also come up with recommendations to strengthen institutional arrangement for GRB and the application of GRB in sectoral ministries and divisions. In addition, the assessment will support the Government of Bangladesh to report for the 3rd round of monitoring of SDGs Indicator 5.c.1 (2023/2024). Alignment with SDGs indicator 5.c.1 will be an opportunity to refine the GRB approach with strong methodology and would help to take reforms initiatives by the Finance Division and Ministry of Women and Children Affairs.
UN Women Bangladesh Country Office (BCO) is seeking to hire an international consultant to develop a detailed forward-looking assessment of Gender Responsive Budgeting to support financing for gender equality in the current socio-economic context. The assignment builds on the existing partnership between the UN Women Bangladesh Country Office and the Ministry of Women and Children Affairs.
Duties and Responsibilities
scope of work
The primary objective of the assignment is to assess the effectiveness of GRB in Bangladesh and to provide recommendations and a forward-looking approach to use GRB more effectively to advance Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment. Specifically, the consultant will review relevant policies, key instruments, and mechanisms for GRB, and assess progress, achievements, and gaps in GRB’s approach and practices in Bangladesh.
Activity: 1.1: Analyze progress, achievements, and gaps in the GRB approach used in Bangladesh
- Analyze the current macroeconomic situation associated with PFM reform, its action plan, and performance-based budgeting. How GRB can be positioned to support adequate financing for gender equality in the current geopolitical situation and LDC graduation context in Bangladesh.
- Analyze the inclusion of GRB in the budget cycle process, and highlight key achievements, challenges, and opportunities of GRB intervention in the last 10 years.
- Develop a methodological note for Finance Division for GRB to be included in IBAS++, budget coding, budget classification, and overall budget-making process in Bangladesh.
- Review capacity development efforts on GRB by the Finance Division and Ministry of Women and Children Affairs and their effectiveness.
- Document case studies on two sectors to capture past and current experiences and efforts to strengthen GRB.
Methodology: Desk Review, Document Analysis, Key Informant Interviews
Activity 1.2: Map the emerging context for gender-responsive planning and budgeting in Bangladesh
- Draw analysis from the updated Development Finance Assessment (DFA) and Financing Strategy (FS) for SDGs, highlighting and recommending new and existing forms of aid architecture and financing mechanisms to ensure continued financing for gender-related priorities.
- Map and review national and local level policies and guidelines for planning and budgeting and assess its implications for integrating gender into plans and budgets.
Methodology: Desk Review, Document Analysis, and Key Informant Interviews
Activity 1.3: GRB Strategy for the local government institutions
- Review laws and policies of local government and assess the perception of different stakeholders, including elected representatives, government officials, functionaries, and individual experts (CSOs, researchers, women’s organizations) to apply GRB at local government institutions.
- Identify entry points for GRB in local government institutions, and highlight opportunities and challenges to use GRB to advance gender equality at the local level.
Methodology: Key Informant Interviews, Survey, Document Analysis, and Stakeholder Consultations
4. duities and responsibilities
- Inception report with a methodology for GRB forward-looking assessment.
- Secondary desk review, particularly review of national laws, policies, and existing institutional mechanisms related to GRB.
- Prepare tools for quantitative and qualitative data collection.
- Organize Key Informant Interviews with government officials, policymakers, academia, and civil society organizations.
- Develop a detailed analysis of the implication of GRB of two sectoral ministries.
- Develop an assessment report covering the progress, achievements, and gaps of GRB in Bangladesh.
- Organize a validation workshop with relevant stakeholders on the assessment report.
Submission of inception report with a methodology for GRB forward-looking assessment.
25 July 2023
Prepare tools for quantitative and qualitative data collection.
10 August 2023
Presentation of preliminary findings based on primary work.
15 August 2023
Key Informant Interviews with government officials, policymakers, academia, and civil society organizations in Dhaka.
15 September 2023
Submission of a draft assessment report covering the progress, achievements, and gaps of the GRB mechanism in Bangladesh at all levels with a comprehensive set of immediate, short-term, and long-term interventions for the Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Women and Children Affairs.
30 September 2023
Submission of a detailed analysis on the implication of GRB of two sectoral ministries.
10 October 2023
Submission of final draft report with inputs from UN Women and relevant government ministries.
20 October 2023
Organize a validation workshop with relevant stakeholders on the assessment report.
25 October 2023
Submission of the final assessment report.
31 October 2023
In addition to the national level, the consultant will assess the situation of the sub-national level (2 districts), in line with previous programming efforts in the country, as well as geographic priority areas identified in the UNSDCF.
The consultant will travel to Bangladesh once in early September for KII and FGD with relevant stakeholders. UN Women Bangladesh country office will arrange the travel as per UN Women policy.
TECHNICAL ADVISORY GROUP
A Technical Advisory Group (TAG) with representation from the Finance Division, Ministry of Women and Children Affairs, Local Government Division, and GRB experts (5-7 members) will be formed to provide strategic and technical inputs to the consultant.
The consultant will manage and ensure relevant translation, administrative and logistics support as required. Budget for this should be part of the professional fee detailing. UN Women Bangladesh country office will extend to enable this.
40 working days between July to October 2023, subject to satisfactory performance and availability of funds.
Respective deliverables and documents will be reviewed by UN Women before processing any payment.
The payment schedule is as follows:
1. Submission of the draft assessment report covering the progress, achievements, and gaps of the GRB mechanism in Bangladesh at all levels with a comprehensive set of immediate, short-term, and long-term interventions for the Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Women and Children Affairs.
2. Submission of a detailed analysis on the implication of GRB of two sectoral ministries.
10 October 2023
50 % of the total contract amount shall be paid upon submission of deliverables (1 and 2) and acceptance and certification by the UN Women Bangladesh contract administrator.
3. Submission of the final assessment report.
31 October 2023
50 % of the total contract amount shall be paid upon submission of deliverables from 3 and all acceptance and certified by the UN Women Bangladesh contract administrator
SOME GUIDING QUESTIONS
• How financing for gender equality is positioned in the macro-economic architecture, what are the existing policy provisions for financing gender equality in Bangladesh, and what are the gaps and opportunities in the context of LDC graduation?
• How the overall GRB system is functioning in Bangladesh, how GRB activities are coded and clustered?
• How has GRB mainstreamed across sectoral ministries? What are the key learnings, challenges, and opportunities?
• Do public sector allocations of expenditure planning effectively follow the GRB procedure?
• How are the GRB results associated with allocation measured in the last 10 years? Specifically what measures are taken to ensure that the gender impact is assessed in public sector revenue and expenditure planning?
• Do the instruments of the government (circulars, directives, formats and guidance notes, and institutional processes) include gender considerations/parameters for GRB, whether these are effective? How to make the GRB system stronger as per the internally recognized/defined framework for GRB?
• What design features (beneficiary identification, targeting, and gender budgets) were adopted in sectoral programming and budgeting? Who are the key officials and how do they conduct pre-budget analysis for GRB to identify ministries’ priorities/activities for allocation? Do they have adequate capacity to do gender analysis of the sectoral ministry?
• Do project appraisal processes integrate a gender perspective and include beneficiary targets and gender budgets?
• How local government’s budgets are drafted and approved, and whether there is a mechanism to address gender concerns in the local level planning and budgeting process. What would be possible recommendations to use GRB for the local government institutions, what are the opportunities and challenges in terms of applying GRB for local government institutions?
• Is sex-disaggregated indicators and measures taken into consideration to assess gender impacts on the national budget? What is the status of GRB implementation in terms of results (allocation, participation, budgetary process/ expenditure tracking /impact on the lives of women and girls)?
• Human rights-based approach
• Cultural diversity, social inclusion, and gender sensitivity
• Needs-based approach
• Results-based programming and management
• Do no harm
SUPERVISION AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
The consultant will work under the direct supervision of the UN Women Programme Analyst, Gender Responsive Governance. The consultant will also be collaborating with TAC (point 7) for advisory support.
DUTY STATION, DSA, AND TRAVEL
• Home-based and travel to Bangladesh
• DSA and Travel: Travel is required; hence Air ticket and DSA is applicable as per UN Women policy.
? Proven experience in conducting research, high-quality policy analysis, and advice to the government in the field of macroeconomics and gender Proven work experience with the government and UN agencies in the similar field
? Demonstrated ability to produce high-quality report in English
? Demonstrates integrity by modeling the UN’s values and ethical standards
? Promotes the vision, mission, and strategic goals of UN Women
? Displays cultural, gender, religion, race, nationality, and age sensitivity and adaptability
? Treats all people fairly without favoritism
? Fulfills all obligations to gender sensitivity and zero tolerance for sexual harassment
Required Skills and Experience
- Master's degree in economics, Gender, and Development Studies, Political Science, Economics, Social Science, or any other related field of study.
- At least 10 years of relevant experience in macroeconomics and gender
- Strong analytical skills and track record in producing high-quality GRB analysis
- Excellent skills in strategy development for government partners
- Effective writing skills, particularly communicating technical information in a way that is understood by multiple audiences
- Experience working with different stakeholder groups in a multicultural environment
Language and report writing skills, including excellent command of English (oral and written)
Price Proposal and Schedule of Payments
Consultant must send a financial proposal based on Lump Sum Amount. The total amount quoted shall be all-inclusive and include all
costs components required to perform the deliverables identified in the TOR, including professional fee, only and any other applicable cost to be incurred by the SSA in completing the assignment.
The contract price will be fixed output-based price regardless of extension of the herein specified duration. Payments will be done upon
completion of the deliverables/outputs and as per below percentages
Evaluation Method and Criteria:
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodology.
The award of the contract will be made to the individual consultant up on Cumulative Analysis/evaluation and determined as:
1. Responsive/compliant/acceptable; and
2. Having received the highest score out of a pre-determined set of weighted technical and financial criteria specific to the
Only candidates obtaining a 49 mark in technical evaluation will be considered eligible for financial evaluation.
Technical Criteria for Evaluation (Maximum 49 points out of 70)
Criteria-01; Academic qualifications: master's degree in economics, Gender, and Development Studies, Political Science, Economics, Social Science, or any other related field of study - Max Point 10
Criteria-02; Proven experience in conducting research, high-quality policy analysis, and advice to the government in the field of macroeconomics and gender - Max Point 25
Criteria-03; Proven work experience with the government and UN agencies on GRB. Max Point 25
Criteria-04; Demonstrated ability to produce high-quality reports in English. Max Point 10
The total number of points allocated for the weighted qualification component is 100. The technical qualification of the individual is evaluated based on following technical qualification evaluation criteria:
Only the candidates who have attained a minimum of 70% of total points (49) will be considered as technically-qualified candidate.
Interested candidates will submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications.
To be included as part of the proposal: Only applications including all items mentioned above will be considered.
To be included as part of the proposal:
- A brief expression of interest: a brief narrative presenting your suitability for this assignment ·
- UN Women Personal History form (P-11) which can be downloaded from: http://www.unwomen.org/about-us/employment
- A sample of original writing produced within the last twelve months where the applicant is the lead author.
- Financial proposal: Propose the daily fees (per date USD rate * 40 days).
- The financial proposal shall specify a lump sum amount breaking down the professional fee for each deliverable. The financial proposal must be submitted in a separate page using the following template.
- Upload only one attachment, please combine all documents into one single PDF document. Applications without the completed UN Women P-11 form and the writing sample will be treated as incomplete and will not be considered for further assessment.
BREAKDOWN OF COSTS
SUPPORTING THE ALL-INCLUSIVE FINANCIAL PROPOSAL
- Breakdown of Cost by Components:
Total Rate for the Contract Duration
Relevant associate cost
- Breakdown of Cost by Deliverables*
[list them as referred to in the TOR]
Percentage of Total Price (Weight for payment)
*Basis for payment tranches
The costs should only cover the requirements identified in the Terms of Reference (TOR)
NOTE: Documents required before contract signing:
UN Personal History Form;
Full medical examination and Statement of Fitness to work and travel for consultants with travel involved.
Security Certificate BSAFE: EN: https://agora.unicef.org/course/info.php?id=17891
Individual subscribers over 65 years of age are required to undergo a full medical examination including x-rays at their own cost and obtaining medical clearance from the UN Medical Director prior to taking up their assignment;
Release letter in case the selected consultant is government official.
Only applications will all items mentioned above will be considered
Note: The individual consultant who does not meet the above eligibility criteria shall not be considered for further evaluation. Necessary documentation must be submitted to substantiate the above eligibility criteria
At UN Women, we are committed to creating a diverse and inclusive environment of mutual respect. UN Women recruits, employs, trains, compensates, and promotes regardless of race, religion, color, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, age, ability, national origin, or any other basis covered by appropriate law. All employment is decided based on qualifications, competence, integrity, and organizational need. If you need any reasonable accommodation to support your participation in the recruitment and selection process, please include this information in your application.
UN Women has a zero-tolerance policy on conduct that is incompatible with the aims and objectives of the United Nations and UN Women, including sexual exploitation and abuse, sexual harassment, abuse of authority and discrimination. All selected candidates will be expected to adhere to UN Women’s policies and procedures and the standards of conduct expected of UN Women personnel and will therefore undergo rigorous reference and background checks. (Selected candidates may be required to provide additional information to conduct a background check).