- UNDP around the world
Many of UNDP's relationships with countries and territories on the ground exceed 60 years. Find details on our successes and ongoing work.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Burkina Faso
- Cape Verde
- Central African Republic
- Congo (Dem. Republic of)
- Congo (Republic of)
- Costa Rica
- Côte d'Ivoire
- Democratic People's Republic of Korea
- Denmark (Rep. Office)
- Dominican Republic
- E.U (Rep. Office)
- El Salvador
- Equatorial Guinea
- Fiji (Multi-country Office)
- Finland (Rep. Office)
- Geneva (Rep. Office)
- Iraq (Republic of)
- Kosovo (as per UNSCR 1244)
- Lao PDR
- Mauritius & Seychelles
- Norway (Rep. Office)
- Papua New Guinea
- Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People
- Russian Federation
- Samoa (Multi-country Office)
- São Tomé and Principe
- Saudi Arabia
- Sierra Leone
- South Africa
- South Sudan
- Sri Lanka
- Sweden (Rep. Office)
- The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
- Tokyo (Rep. Office)
- Trinidad and Tobago
- United Arab Emirates
Regional PresenceMuch of UNDP’s work is administered through 5 regional bureaus.
- About Us
- News Centre
Consultant - Preparation of Economic Valuation of Marin Ecosystem
|Location :||Aqaba, JORDAN|
|Application Deadline :||01-Apr-14 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||Arabic English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||4 months|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||45 working days during the period (April to July)|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
The most significant feature of Jordan’s marine environment is the coral reef ecosystems. The Jordanian reefs lie within the Red Sea which is designated as a World Wide Fund for Nature global 200 ecoregion on account of its unique marine biodiversity. The Gulf of Aqaba is a separate biogeographic zone within the Red Sea, and is of global significance in having the northern-most latitude reefs in the Western Indo-Pacific.
Reefs in Jordan are among the most threatened in the Red Sea because they are shallow, easily accessible, and adjacent to a major population and industrial centre. They are suffering from a combination of factors common to reefs worldwide, that includes sedimentation caused by construction, algal overgrowth due to nutrient enrichment from sewage, physical damage from divers, boats and other recreational activities, and pollution from toxic industrial waste
The Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA) in cooperation with United Nations Development Program (UNDP) is currently implementing a project titled “Mainstreaming Marine Biodiversity Conservation into Coastal Zone Management in The Aqaba Special Economic Zone”. The main goal of this project is to internalize biodiversity as an asset and value for economic development and promoting more effective and integrated management of the coastal zone in Aqaba.
The project main components are:
The reason behind the valuation of ecosystem services is that it will contribute towards sound decision-making, by ensuring that policy appraisals fully take into account the costs and benefits to the natural environment and by highlighting much more clearly the implications for human wellbeing, while providing policy development with new insights. This broader framework allows a shift in emphasis from a focus mainly on valuing environmental damage to highlighting the value of changes in the services provided by the natural environment. Ecosystem services contribute to economic welfare in two ways – through contributions to the generation of income and wellbeing and through the prevention of damages that inflict costs on society. Both types of benefits should be accounted for in policy appraisal. With a broader focus on valuing the benefits provided by ecosystems, policy options that enhance the natural environment are also more likely to be considered that demonstrate that investing in natural capital can make economic sense.
Coastal and marine ecosystems provide a range of goods and services to human being, they are also vulnerable to various resource extractive activities like fishing. In addition to above, anthropogenic activities like rapid industrialization and large coastal infrastructure development projects like ports and oil terminals damage the natural capital of coral reef and associated systems.
Healthy coral reefs are among the most biologically diverse and economically valuable ecosystems on earth, providing valuable and vital ecosystem services. Coral ecosystems are a source of food for millions; protect coastlines from storms and erosion; provide habitat, spawning and nursery grounds for economically important fish species; provide jobs and income to local economies from fishing, recreation, and tourism; are a source of new medicines, and are hotspots of marine biodiversity. They also are of great cultural importance in many regions around the world, particularly along the Red Sea and gulf of Aqaba.
Economic valuation can be used to estimate the full range of benefits provided by an ecosystem, thus, providing an indicator of the importance of the ecosystem to society. It can be used to value the costs and benefits of different management options, including conservation, controlled fishing or ecotourism, and hence, assist in policy decision- making.
Valuation can further help estimate the appropriate fees to charge resource- users, such as tourists, or the appropriate taxes to impose on individuals or firms causing negative impacts on the ecosystem in question. It can also be used for advocacy purposes, to “get numbers on the table’ to help policy-makers make efficient and equitable decisions regarding resource use and management.
According to the Status of Coral Reefs of the World Report; 2008, Coral reef declines will have alarming consequences for approximately 500 million people who depend on coral reefs for food, coastal protection, building materials, and income from tourism. This includes 30 million who are virtually totally dependent on coral reefs for their livelihoods or for the land they live on (atolls).
Duties and Responsibilities
The main reason for not considering ecosystem resources and services is the fact that there are no economic (monetary) values which are attached to therefore, many countries started to apply a monetary value per unit area for environmental resources. Such estimate is eventually used in Cost and Benefit analysis (CBA) or project appraisal as well as in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).
The economic valuation of the ecosystem services provided by coastal resources in Aqaba is one of the main activities that will be undertaken in the framework of the “Mainstreaming Marine biodiversity into CZM in Aqaba” project.
The main objective of the assignment is to estimate the total economic value (TEV) of the coastal and marine resources/ecosystems in Aqaba. The underlying case for this type of valuation is to estimate the economic value of ecosystem services provided by the coastal resources in order to contribute towards better decision-making and provide tools that justify the protection of these resources. It specifically aims at illustrating the significant contribution the natural environment to well being and the high dependency of society on its ecological base. The proposed valuation is a first step towards embedding impacts on the coastal resources in decision-making.
This assignment refers to Outcome 2.1 of Project Component 2: Marine biodiversity and ecosystem services accounted for within the ASEZ decision-making.
This outcome, particularly its respective Output no. 2.1.1 " Ecosystem services identified, their economic value and carrying capacity estimated, and a ‘business case’ for marine biodiversity conservation prepared”, aims and calls to better integrate the consideration for marine environmental resources into the decision-making framework of ASEZA, including the identification of existing information and evaluation of their economic benefit. The outcome is expected to include the provision of a business case reasoning for including and promoting marine biodiversity into decision-making processes.
The preparation of the economic valuation of coral habitat and other marine ecosystems - in terms of eco-tourism potential, fisheries resources, education and scientific research and other potential-represents and reflects the scope of the present TOR.
Objectives and Activities:
Under the direct supervision of the Project Manager and the project focal point at ASEZA, the consultant will undertake the following specific tasks and activities using consultative and participatory approaches and methods:
Preparing of the economic valuation of coral habitat and other marine ecosystems in terms of eco-tourism potential, fisheries resources, education and scientific research and other potential uses of the resource represents and reflects the scope of the present TOR.
Proposed Activities (but not limited to)
Develop a methodology for economic valuation of ecosystem services; The economic valuation will focus on a range of ecosystem services provided, which potentially include but are not limited to:
Assist in developing and adopting a business case for marine biodiversity conservation based on, but not limited to, carrying capacity of ecosystems, potential revenue from local initiatives in eco-tourism (i.e., to glass boat operators, dive operators, marine park facility, hotel investments), fisheries, and scientific research).
Proposed Activities (but not limited to)
The expected outputs of the consultancy:
Required Skills and Experience
If you are experiencing difficulties with online job applications, please contact the eRecruit Helpdesk.