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Water Policy Advisor
|Location :||Dushanbe, TAJIKISTAN|
|Application Deadline :||30-Jan-15 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||12 months|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||261 working days within one year (21.75 days per month), based in Dushanbe with frequent travel|
In Central Asia, water is becoming more and more critical and a potential source of regional conflict. The growing demand in hydropower, especially in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan with no natural oil and gas resources, and the growing need for agriculture water in the region are already causing tension between the riparian states, especially Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. The planned Roghun Dam construction in Tajikistan has already escalated the fragile peace between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan while growing agriculture in Kyrgyzstan and the need for more irrigation water has been the source of timely minor border incidents between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, such as the recent events in December 2013.
While drinking water supply in much of the urban areas is being addressed thanks to major investment by development partners, notably the Swiss, the World Bank and EBRD, access to clean drinking water in rural areas remains a major challenge in all of the Central Asian countries. With the growing industry, especially in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan and with attempts to improve management of the natural resources, especially in view of deteriorating environment, coupled with the impact of climate change, demand for water keeps growing.
There is no lack of water in the region but prevailing miss-management of water resources continues to reduce access to water. According to national reports, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, the two upstream states, for instance utilize only 20-30% of the available water resources, while continued deterioration of the irrigation infrastructure causes further losses in the system, further reducing the actual water available for the users.
In Tajikistan, the government has taken the initial step towards water sector reforms in November 2013, by separating the water resources regulation and policy development from day-to-day management and operation. Overall policy and regulation responsibilities have been transferred to the newly restructured Ministry of Energy and Water Resources (MoEWR) and the irrigation management and operation has been shifted to the newly established Agency for Land Reclamation and Irrigation (ALRI). The approved regulation of the MoEWR state that “Ministry of Energy and Water Resources of the Republic of Tajikistan (hereinafter - the Ministry) is the central body of executive power that works on the state policy formulation and implementation and on legal regulation in the sphere of fuel and energy and water resources.” (Article 1. of I. General Provisions of the draft regulation).
Yet, considering the severe brain drain and as a result of lack of necessary policy and regulatory skills and institutional abilities as well as lack of sufficient financial resources, the implementation of these reforms remains a challenge. Therefore, without a systematic approach to policy dialogue, including provision of necessary Technical Assistance, the implementation of these reforms will remain a challenge.
Existing Policy Dialogue Platforms in Tajikistan
Two major policy dialogue initiatives have been key to reform processes in Tajikistan and have also enhanced closer cooperation between the Government of Tajikistan and its development partners:
Both platforms had significant impact and prompted the Government of Tajikistan to agree to a series of reform agenda. As part of the Agrarian Reform programme, for instance, the government agreed to reform the water sector in line with IWRM and RBM principles and the initial steps were taken in November 2013 by separating roles and responsibilities between policy and regulation on one hand and management and operation on the other hand.
In addition to these platforms, there are two more platforms specifically dealing with water.
Following requests by the government in 2012 to support the piloting of the water sector reforms, various donor development partners responded with different projects to support the government in piloting its water sector reforms in identified river basins (Tajik side). As the need for coordination of such support from different donors is growing the Government of Tajikistan agreed to revitalize the policy meetings at the Deputy Prime Minister’s office between the Donor Development Partners and the GoT (including relevant ministries and agencies). There is now a need to support this policy dialogue at DPM’s level to promote a coordinated and coherent approach in support of water sector reform implementation.
Among a number of national priorities identified by the President of Tajikistan in December 2013, improving food security for the nation remains among the major priorities. Following the announcement of the President, the Deputy Prime Minister (DPM) held a meeting with the Development Coordination Council (DCC) and requested the DCC to “…rethink the current policy dialogue platform from one of “Reporting” to something more productive”. He requested development partners to make serious efforts to support the sector ministries, especially agriculture, land and water to effectively reform.
In a recent meeting of the DCC Working Group on water a number of short and medium term policy dialogue priorities were agreed upon to pursue over the next 3-4 year. These include:
Challenges in the Water Sector in Tajikistan
The water sector in Tajikistan faces several challenges, technical, institutional, managerial as well as in relation to policy and regulation. Following the initial decisions by the Government of Tajikistan and “Priority Areas for Policy Dialogue” as defined by the DCC Working Group on water the most important challenge is the implementation of the planned Water Sector Reforms. Some of the major challenges are:
Last but not least, absence of a viable mechanism to effectively address transboundary waters in an efficient and effective manner has resulted in regional conflicts and minor incidents between Tajikistan and neighboring countries.
Duties and Responsibilities
The Policy Advisor, under the overall guidance of the Country Director and the direct supervision of the Deputy Country Director and in close coordination and cooperation with responsible UNDP Programme Analyst/Portfolio Manager, will assist the Government, programme team and CO to deliver on the results of the project “Support to IWRM-based water sector reform implementation in Tajikistan”. The Policy Advisor is the lead international expert in the area of Integrated Water Resources Management. S/he will maximize efforts to achieve expected project results, by providing strategic guidance for the implementation of activities in accordance with the water sector reform roadmap agreed upon between UNDP, donors, implementing partners and as well as other relevant plans and decisions. Specifically, the Policy Advisor will carry out following duties and responsibilities:
Policy advice. The incumbent will provide policy advice to the Government, relevant ministries and agencies, as well as to the partners of the programme, in the following areas:
Technical Advice and Monitoring Support
The incumbent will provide technical advice and monitoring support in the following areas:
The Policy Advisor will contribute to building the corporate body of knowledge in UNDP in the area of IWRM, by:
Development and Operational Effectiveness
Required Skills and Experience
Years of experience:
Please follow the link to the Individual Consultant Procurement Notice:
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.