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Preparation of Sudan Renewable Energy Feed-in-Tariff
|Location :||home based, SUDAN|
|Application Deadline :||27-May-17 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Climate & Disaster Resilience|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||45 working days|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||45 working days|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
In Sudan, approximately 35% of the population has access to electricity. However, it is not reliable and experiences regular power outages. Hydro-power is the largest share of energy generation. The potential to expand hydro-power to meet future needs is limited. Sudan does not have significant oil or gas production and as a result will have to turn to importation of fossil fuels to meet future energy needs. Climate change threatens to affect rainfall patterns on which Sudan relies on water that generates its hydro-power. This further emphasises the need for Sudan to diversify its energy sources. The wind energy project, financially supported by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), seeks to address these problems by promoting the generation of electric power from wind energy in Sudan.
Sudan currently has a power generation capacity of about 3,000 MW, with no wind generation capacity and no grid-connected solar capacity. The Government owns 5,984 km of 220 kV transmission lines and 965 km of 500 kV transmission lines. In 2012, the power consumption per capita was 233 kWh per year. There are no independent power producers (IPPs) in the country, though initiatives are underway to promote private investment in power generation. This project seeks to support those initiatives where they relate to wind power.
In geographical terms, the project is targeting Dongola as the baseline location to be followed by the Red Sea coast as the first replication area. In the meantime, meteorological data collection is underway in other potential areas covering the Northern State and Western Darfur which are the future targets in the long-term planning of wind power application in Sudan.
The Ministry of Water Resources, Irrigation, and Electricity (MWRIE) is the prime body responsible for the Generation, Transmission and Distribution of electric power in Sudan. Recently it has undergone major structuring whereby the process of power generation, transmission and distribution were separated and each run and managed by a state-owned company in a first step to privatize the power sector in the country in future. MWRIE has conducted many resource assessment studies such as country wide Wind ATLAS, Solar ATLAS and biomass resource assessment in addition to many feasibility studies for grid connected projects consisting wind, solar and biogas power generation.
In parallel, the Electricity Regulatory Authority (ERA) is preparing the legal and regulatory frameworks to ensure clarity and transparency of the sector (Energy Efficiency law has been drafted). ERA has prepared Sudan Grid Code for transmission and Sub Codes for Distribution, Renewable Energy, and Nuclear. ERA has also commenced a separate study on the cost of electricity and the tariff structure for Sudan power system including the Feed-in Tariff, the first draft of which has been issued. However, the project will review the existing FiT and revise the document as necessary in consultation with the ERA and MWRIE. The Wind Energy Project endeavors to prepare FiT to achieve the following objectives:
This assignment aims to support the ERA in its endeavor to revise, develop and maintain a robust Feed-in-tariff system (FiT) for both off-grid (including hybrid systems Renewable Energy and Diesel) and grid-connected RE power generation indicating the prices and the payments mechanisms including the financial details, within the term of the project, the cash flow, and other important financial parameters, taking into consideration the project size and the pertinent conditions.
Duties and Responsibilities
UNDP is seeking the services of an independent International Consultant (IC) with vast experience in the development of national FiT for the renewable energy based power generation systems. The scope of the consultancy should include, but not limited to:
Required Skills and Experience