National Specialist – Climate Change Impact on Growth Modelling


Location : Phnom Penh, CAMBODIA
Application Deadline :10-Nov-17 (Midnight New York, USA)
Additional Category :Climate & Disaster Resilience
Type of Contract :Individual Contract
Post Level :National Consultant
Languages Required :
English  
Starting Date :
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
20-Nov-2017
Duration of Initial Contract :30 working days (over three months from November 2017-February 2018)
Expected Duration of Assignment :30 working days (over three months from November 2017-February 2018)

UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.

UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.


Background

Cambodia is strongly affected by climate change (CC). The economic impact will come mainly from reduced productivity and from loss and damage to infrastructure and other assets.  Adaptation and mitigation measures involve both economic trade-offs and complementarities. For example, pursuing mitigation policies to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions will involve some additional costs to the economy, although these are partially offset by some benefits from low carbon growth.

RGC has responded to these challenges by participating in a range of pioneering activities, aimed at equipping itself with the ability manage these impacts. The country was amongst the first to undertake a Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR) and was the first to do a comprehensive CC Financing Framework (CCFF). It has also been engaged in a sustained programme of strengthening institutional practices for integrating CC into existing planning and budgeting procedures. Most of this work has been supported by the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance, with financial support from UNDP, EU and Sweden, and by the regional UNDP programme on the governance of climate finance.

The Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), through its General Department for Policy,  has expressed interest to explore further the impacts of climate change on economic growth in Cambodia, as part of its cooperation with the National Council for Sustainable Development.

 The Cambodia Climate Impact on Growth Model (CIGM) aims to improve the understanding of how the main CC impacts will evolve over the next 10 to 20 years and how investment in adaptation and mitigation will contribute to growth as well as protecting against loss and damage and reducing GHG emissions. It adopts the basic structure of a neo-classical economic growth model, but reduces this to the simplest possible form, thus turning the focus of the analysis to the core evidence available for each sector, rather than on the details of the feature of the model. As such, it aims to integrate the insights available from growth models and the local evidence available on sectoral impact in a transparent manner that can be easily debated. It places emphasis on how CC affects human, physical and financial capital in the country. In particular, it will distinguish between the type of loss and damage which: a) reduces economic output temporarily for one year, after which output returns to the normal path; b) reduces economic output, but also affects savings and investment and, hence, the accumulation of capital and economic capacity; and c) changes the factors that determine productivity, thus changing the ability of households/enterprises to use capital effectively. To do this, the model will need to consider household and enterprise decision-making, especially around how savings and investment decisions are made. Some examples are given in the table below.

 Table 1  Examples of CC Impact on Sectoral Growth

CC Impact

Policy Response

Growth dimensions

Unseasonal rainfall reduces crop yields

Crop varieties and climate smart practices

When the impact on household incomes is smaller, it is more likely to lead to a temporary drop in consumption, with little impact on savings, investment and growth.

Floods result in crop losses

Flood protection and drainage, integrated water management

Reduced ability of farmers to invest in the maintenance and improvement of field and water structures, leading to declining potential yields in good years.

Flood damage to irrigation and draining structures

Irrigation and drainage structures and management

Reduction in physical capital reflected either in lower capital stock or diversion of public and private resources away from other investment, depending on whether reconstruction happens.

More frequent floods increase damage to roads

Changes to road design standards

Reduction in physical capital of roads, reflected either in lower physical stocks or diversion of resources away from other investment, depending on whether reconstruction happens.

Investment in renewable energy assets

Grants, incentives and regulations

Increased assets in the renewable energy sub-sector lead to increased output, but at the expense of other investment.

Higher temperatures reduce labour productivity

Urban planning, local shelters

Reduction in the output produced by each person, reflected either in a reduction in human capital or the productivity of each person.


Duties and Responsibilities

The objective of this assignment for the national consultant is to support the international team leaderwith the overall design and implementation of the CIGM exercise, to support tranining and mentoring activities for national economists, and to take a leading role in engaging local stakeholders (MEF and concerned ministries) on data collection. The national consultant will be responsible to ensure that:

  • The methodology and scope of the exercise are informed by the Cambodian context, taking into account MEF and NCSD policy priorities as well as any constraints related to data availability and national capacities;
  • The General Department of Policy in MEF and other Government stakeholders are constructively engaged and benefit from knowledge transfer throughout the exercise, through initial training, direct engagement and mentoring of their designated staff.

The national consultant will be responsible for the following tasks:

  1. Contribution to interim report including initial capacity and data availability assessment, the selected methodology for the model (with rationale), preliminary results and work plan for Phases 2 and 3
  2. Initial CIGM results and brief report on the national workshop.
  3. Contribution to final CIGM report including next steps

Interested offeror must read the Individual Consultant (IC) Procurement Notice, which can be viewed at http://procurement-notices.undp.org/view_notice.cfm?notice_id=42068 for more detail information about term of references, instructions to offeror, and to download the documents to be submitted in the offer through online.

 


Competencies

  • Familiarity with government planning systems and institutional roles;
  • Ability to interact with senior government officials;
  • Proven capacity to design and deliver trainings on economics for Government officials;
  • Experience working in a multicultural context with strong communication skills;
  • Excellent written and oral communication skills;


Required Skills and Experience

Education: 

Master’s degree in economics or closely related subject.

Experience:

  • At least 5 years’ experience in economic analysis, public finance, cost-benefit analysis, and economic modelling;
  • At least 2 years’ experience working on the economics of climate change or natural disasters.

Language Requirement:Fluency in English and Khmer (written and spoken) is required.

Interested offeror must read the Individual Consultant (IC) Procurement Notice, which can be viewed at http://procurement-notices.undp.org/view_notice.cfm?notice_id=42068 for more detail information about term of references, instructions to offeror, and to download the documents to be submitted in the offer through online.

UNDP reserves right to reject any applications that is incomplete.

Please be informed that we don’t accept application submitted via email.

Interested Offerors are required to submit application via UNDP jobsite system as the application screening and evaluation will be done through UNDP jobsite system. Please note that UNDP jobsite system allows only one uploading of application document, so please make sure that you merge all your documents into a single file. Your on-line applications submission will be acknowledged where an email address has been provided. If you do not receive an e-mail acknowledgement within 24 hours of submission, your application may not have been received. In such cases, please resubmit the application, if necessary. Please combine all your documents into one (1) single PDF document as the system only allows to upload maximum one document.

Any request for clarification/additional information on this procurement notice shall be communicated in writing to UNDP office or send to email dalis.heng@undp.org and cc procurement.kh@undp.org. While the Procurement Unit would endeavor to provide information expeditiously, only requests receiving at least 5 working days prior to the submission deadline will be entertained. Any delay in providing such information will not be considered as a reason for extending the submission deadline. The UNDP's response (including an explanation of the query but without identifying the source of inquiry) will be posted in Individual Consultant (IC) Procurement Notice page as provided above. Therefore, all prospective Offerors are advised to visit the page regularly to make obtain update related to this Individual Consultant (IC) Procurement Notice.



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