Lead Author

Location : Kuwait
Application Deadline :25-Jul-18 (Midnight New York, USA)
Type of Contract :Individual Contract
Post Level :International Consultant
Languages Required :
Starting Date :
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
Duration of Initial Contract :4 months (5 weeks in Kuwait)

UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.

UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.


Kuwait like many oil producing countries in the world with low diversity of energy mix faces sustainable development challenges related to its primary dependence on the oil sector for growth of its GDP and economic development. Low diversity means any volatility of oil prices directly affect all sustainable development activities – economic, social, and environmental. Kuwait may be vulnerable to changes in global oil demand leading to challenges related to Government revenue volatility when global oil prices change. When oil prices swing upwards, high oil prices boost Government revenues and strengthen economic growth but when they shift downwards, low oil prices could affect Kuwaiti’s energy security, its economic development and sustainability of current levels of social safety net that is mainly financed through energy subsidies. One way of dealing with the cyclic nature of revenue flows is to diversify the Kuwait energy sources while reducing energy consumption per capita. Doing so will free more oil for export from domestic use contributing to government revenue. The project is designed to address the challenge by developing a framework to strengthen the institutional capacity in the country to increase the share of renewable energy in the energy mix and the rate of energy efficiency by reducing energy consumption per capita in the Kuwait economy. It will achieve this by strengthening the capacity for evidence-based sustainable energy policy development by laying the foundation for an annual production of the Kuwait National Energy Outlook (KNEO) publication by Kuwait Institute of Science and Research (KISR).  The KNEO publication will produce energy data sets and forecasts that will be helpful in informing the implementation of the Kuwait National Development Plan and to effectively integrate sustainable energy in its strategy and framework

Duties and Responsibilities

It is expected that the contractor will work with the team of local professionals to submit a final report on the Kuwait Energy Outlook. The contractor will lead the team in writing the report with respect to the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the World Energy Outlook (WEO) Format. Simultaneously, he/she will be responsible to submit the final report (English) designed according the IEA standard (Attached sample report). The report should contain the following chapters and/or equivalents based on the editorial committee’s decision.

  • Foreword, Acknowledgments, Table of Contents, Executive Summary

The foreword is written as an abstract like contains a brief on the contents of the report and the final results/findings of this report and the scenario modelling. This section is at least of 250 words or 1 page. The acknowledgment section is written to address a gratitude to the team who worked on the report, the participating institutions, the editorial committee, and all the people who worked to get the report published according to the international standards. At least 2 pages lengths. The table of contents addresses the details of the report, the same should include Chapters’ titles, sub titles, and their linked page numbers. The Table of contents will be written after finalizing the report contents. The executive summary is written to summarize the whole report and its content. This should be addressed to high level executives or general readers to understand the report without the heavy technical language. This summary must be at least 3 pages and not less than 1500 words.

  • Chapter 1 – Energy in Kuwait Today

This chapter is written to describe today’s system and its recent development, what are the trends, policies etc. on supply, demand, trade, reliability of supply, environmental performance, infrastructure etc. This chapter is not less than 8000 words or at least 20 pages (excluding the exhibits).

  • Chapter 2 – Kuwait’s Energy Prospects to 2035

This chapter is written to present the scenario and the final model results. The following areas must be considered in the report:

  • Overall Demand Outlook.
  • Electricity demand and supply (power mix, network issue, etc …).
  • End-use sectors
    • Industry
    • Transport
    • Buildings
  • Energy supply
    • Oil
    • Gas
  • Trade

This chapter is not less than 8000 words or at least 20 pages (excluding the exhibits).

  • Chapter 3 – Implications

What are the policy messages? What are the Implications for investment, security of supply, emissions etc.? What could be done to improve the outcomes?

This chapter is not less than 8000 words or at least 20 pages (excluding the exhibits).

  • Annexures

Annexure A: Kuwait’s Projections, General note to the tables, Definitional note to the tables.

Annexure B: Includes the Definitions, Energy Conversions, and Currency Conversions. 

Annexure C: References should be arranged and categorized based on chapters.

  • Exhibits (Graphs, Tables, Etc. …)

The report to be published in English language on the WEO formatting. The Final report InDesign should be submitted by the contractor. UNDP and KISR are responsible for the final Kuwait Scenario/model. However, the designed graphs are the responsibility of the contractor (this includes the graphic design/art of the exhibits and the report). He/She must assure that the graphs and models are according to the IEA standard and based on the approval of UNDP and KISR. The contractor is also responsible for the overall design of the report as well chapter by chapter including the executive summary, table of contents, annexures, etc.

  • Support Services

It is expected that the consultant/contractor will extend his/her support services to KISR team during the whole period of the contract (September/December). This includes writing of the current report (KNEO) or developing a new working plan for the same report for the next years. The respond time should be within less than 48 hours from the date of inquiry.

1.  Expected Outputs and Deliverables

The duration and timeline of the deliverables is indicated in the below table:


Description of activities 

Due Date

Payment Structure

Approvals Required

Deliverable (1)

Approved and finalized chapters: Acknowledgment, Table of Contents, Introduction, Executive Summary, and Chapter (1) - Energy in Kuwait Today.

15th September 2018



Deliverable (2)

Approved and finalized Chapter (2) - Kuwait’s Energy Prospects to 2035.

30th September 2018


Deliverable (3)

Approved and finalized Chapter (3) – Implications.

20th October 2018


Deliverable (4)

Approved Final report designed according the WEO formatting standards.

5th November 2018


Deliverable (5)

Support Services as needed

31st December 2018


2. Institutional Arrangement

  • The consultant shall report directly to KISR Project Manager and UNDP Project Coordinator on all conducted work.
  • Preparation and timely submission of correct invoices and reports is personal responsibility of the consultant.
  • All submitted reports and relevant files are subject to prior approval from KISR, GSSCPD and UNDP. These interim and final reports will be used as justification of payment release.
  • The Consultant should comply with the indicated qualification requirements.
  • Failure in the implementation of the activities in full according to the section “Scope of Services” shall be the reason for the termination of the Contract.
  • The language of the report is English, all deliverables must be in English.
  • UNDP will provide with fully equipped office with printer, internet and any support services required to initiate the report.

The final report should be submitted in the specific timeframe as above ready to print and according to the standards of the WEO.?

3. Duration of the Work

The overall duration of this consultancy will be 4 months.

4. Duty Station

He/ she needs to be physically in Kuwait 5 weeks (any time from 2 September – 31 December), rest of assignment home based. 1 round trip will be covered under this assignment.

5. Scope of Price Proposal and Schedule of Payments

The financial proposal submitted shall specify a total lump sum amount, and payment terms around specific and measurable (qualitative and quantitative) deliverables (i.e. whether payments fall in installments or upon completion of the entire contract). Payments are based upon output, i.e. upon delivery of the services specified in the TOR. The financial proposal will include a breakdown of this lump sum amount (including travel, living allowance, and the number of anticipated working days).

Travel: All envisaged travel and other related costs must be included in the financial proposal.

In the case of unforeseeable travel, payment of travel costs including tickets, lodging, and terminal expenses should be agreed upon, between the respective business unit and Individual Consultant, prior to travel and will be reimbursed

6. Evaluation

Cumulative analysis

Total score=Technical Score + Financial Score.

Technical Criteria weight - 70%. 700 scores maximum 

Financial Criteria weight - 30%. 300 scores maximum

The selection of candidates will be done in 3 stages:

1st stage: Prior to detailed evaluation, all applications will be thoroughly screened against eligibility criteria (minimum qualification requirements) as set in the TOR to determine whether they are compliant/non-compliant.

Shortlisting criteria


PhD degree in Economics, Energy, Sustainable Development, Public Administration or any related field.


Knowledge of the International Energy Agency report writing methodologies, formatting, and topics


Fluency in English.

2nd stage: Evaluation of technical proposals

Short-listed candidates will be evaluated based on the following criteria. Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 490 points (70%) at the Technical Evaluation would be considered for the Financial Evaluation.


Technical Evaluation Criteria (Desk review and Interview based)

Maximum obtainable points – 700;

Threshold – 490 points

At least 7 years of hands-on experience on energy reports, energy policies within an International organization

For each additional year of experience – 10 points, but no more 50 points in total.




Exposure to the International Energy Agency report formatting and writing.


Contribution to previous energy polices, outlooks reports either as a lead author or an analyst.


Technical proposal with clear methodology presented


Financial Evaluation Criteria

Maximum obtainable points – 300 (30%)

3rd stage: Financial evaluation

Cumulative analysis will be used based on the following methodology: All the offers of individual consultants who scored 490 (70% from 700) and more points during the desk review are acceptable for financial evaluation. The lowest financial qualified proposal receives 300 points and all the other technically qualified proposals receive points in inverse proportion according to the formula:

Formula applied


P=points for the financial proposal being evaluated


y=maximum number of points for the financial proposal equal to 300


µ=the lowest priced proposal


z=price of the proposal being evaluated


The candidate achieving the highest cumulative score for both Technical and Financial evaluations will be recommended by the Evaluation Committee for contracting.


Following documents should be submitted:

  1. Duly accomplished and signed Offeror’s letter/filled-in template to UNDP confirming interest and Breakdown of Costs Supporting the Final All-Inclusive Price as per Template. If an Offeror is employed by an organization/company/institution, and he/she expects his/her employer to charge a management fee in the process of releasing him/her to UNDP under Reimbursable Loan Agreement (RLA), the Offeror must indicate at this point, and ensure that all such costs are duly incorporated in the financial proposal submitted to UNDP;
  2. Complete and signed P11 form, indicating all past experience from similar projects, as well as the contact details (email and telephone number) of the Candidate;
  3. At least three (3) professional references;
  4. Brief description of why the individual considers him/herself as the most suitable for the assignment, and description of Approach to Work (Methodology); 
  5. Copy of diploma/s
  6. Copy of ID card (passport)



  • Reliably delivers on promises and honours commitments, holding himself/herself accountable for actions taken.
  • Gains cooperation from others through understanding of the political and organizational culture.
  • Works collaboratively with team members sharing information openly and displaying cultural awareness and sensitivity.
  • Synthesizes multiple/complex messages, identifies appropriate key points for different audiences and communicates concepts in a manner that influences the perceptions/behaviours of others.
  • Expresses own point of view in a neutral manner rather than in an argumentative tone, avoiding unproductive conflict.

Required Skills and Experience

I. Academic Qualifications:

  • PhD degree in Economics, Energy, Sustainable Development, Public Administration or any related field.
  • Knowledge of the International Energy Agency report writing methodologies, formatting, and topics.

II. Years of experience:

  • At least 7 years of hands-on experience on energy reports, energy policies within an International organization. 
  • Exposure to the International Energy Agency report formatting and writing.
  • Contribution to previous energy polices, outlooks reports either as a lead author or an analyst.
  • Fluency in English is a must.
  • Excellent communication, drafting, presentation and reporting skills.
  • Proven oral and written communication skills.

If you are experiencing difficulties with online job applications, please contact the eRecruit Helpdesk.

© 2016 United Nations Development Programme