- Mozambique is a Least Developed Country in Southern Africa with a population of 28.86 million people (52.2 percent women). The country economic growth has registered a yearly average GDP growth of 7.2 percent between 2000 and 2016, fuelled by the expansion of extractive industries (mining, coal and gas) and foreign capital investment. Since 2016, the country has been exposed to international shocks due to the downfall of commodities international prices, reduction in international reserves, currency (metical) depreciation and high external public debt, and economic growth declined to 3.3 percent in 2016. In the same year, the disclosure of a secret debt of US$1.4 billion sovereign-guaranteed commercial loans contracted in 2013-2014 produced severe consequences on investments in Mozambique. This has led donors to suspend direct budget support.
- The country’s hopes are relying strongly in the gas discovery and exploitation, as the medium-term source for employment and national revenues. In 2018, Mozambique secured the final investment decision for developing the Coral South Project, one of two main gas projects in the Rovuma basin pipeline. These investments will boost confidence in Mozambique’s nascent oil and gas sector, but direct contributions to economic growth will be limited unless there is economic diversification and job creation.
- The positive economic development recorded between 2000 and 2016 did not translate into noticeable improvement in the standards of living, employment and reduction of poverty for the majority of the population, particularly women and children. In 2014, 46.1 percent of the population lived below the national poverty line. Notwithstanding a 5.6 percent reduction in poverty incidence from the previous poverty assessment, in absolute terms the number of poor people in Mozambique has remained relatively unchanged. Therefore, close to 13 million of Mozambicans, a little less than the total population of 28,86 million, are still poor. Challenges persist in terms of access to water sources and electricity, infrastructure, adult literacy life expectancy and health (malaria and HIV/AIDS). High levels of poverty are compounded with high inequality. The country´s Gini Coefficient was 0.47, in 2008. 
- In 2016, Mozambique’s Human Development Index (HDI) value was 0.418; positioning the country at 181 out of 188 countries; when adjusted for inequality, it falls to 0.280.10 The labour market is characterized by high unemployment (32 per cent male, 34 per cent female) and under-employment (87 per cent). Subsistence agriculture continues to be the main area of employment. The most poor and vulnerable populations are highly dependent on natural resources particularly agriculture, forestry and fisheries therefore vulnerable to climate change events.
- Mozambique’s exposure to tropical cyclones, floods, droughts and sea water intrusion, further challenge the country’s development, making it one of the most vulnerable to climate change in Africa. In March 2019, several areas of Mozambique were severely affected by the cyclone Idai and Kenneth, with thousands of fatal victims and millions in damages.
- There are also important challenges in terms of fighting corruption, improving accountability, transparency, citizen participation, access to justice, and the promotion of a culture of peace. Mozambique ranks 23 in governance performance out of 54 African countries and 112th out of 168 countries in the Transparency International Perception Index. Efforts in decentralization and greater citizen participation in local governance and in the implementation of the decentralization policy have not resulted in adequate transfer of financial resources and have had little impact in the management of natural resources, in promoting inclusive growth and in eradicating poverty.
Agenda 2030/Sustainable Development Goals
- Mozambique is amongst the 193 Member States of the United Nations that, in September 2015, adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, Mozambique has pledged to ‘Leave No One Behind’ in the pursuit of sustainable development.
- The SDG Agenda moves away from siloed approaches to development and promotes the integration of the economy, environment, and social dimensions calling for the promotion of cross-sectorial synergies within government and with society at large. As such, it can add value to Mozambique’s development plans and bolster participatory governance as the Agenda 2030 calls for the contribution of multiple stakeholders at all levels of society to shape its integration into national plans and budgets leaving no one behind.
- While traditional development planning tends to be incremental and based on past trends, with development plans typically formulated for short to medium timeframes, SDGs planning is goal-based, supporting long-term approaches towards sustainable development. The goals, targets, and indicators allow public and private actors to identify what is needed and chart out long-term pathways to achieve sustainable development, including resources, timelines, and allocation of responsibilities. Thus, SDG planning offers a unique and valuable opportunity for Mozambique to take an integrated and long-term planning perspective, which can also help to insulate the planning process from short-term political and business imperatives.
- Tackling poverty and inequality in Mozambique is central to global achievement of the SDGs. Well-crafted plan/framework for Mozambique could provide a shared narrative of sustainable development and help guide the public’s understanding of complex challenges. In this context, it is necessary to raise awareness, educate and mobilize governments, businesses, civil society leaders, academics, and ordinary citizens around the complex issues that must be addressed.
Voluntary National Review
- According to the United Nations resolution 67/290, the High-Level Political Forum, under the auspices of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), should conduct periodic and inclusive evaluations of progress in the implementation of Agenda 2030. Evaluations are done through the elaboration of a report called the Voluntary National Review (VNR).
- The VNR is a process by which countries take stock of and assess progresses and shortcomings in implementation of the Agenda 2030, including its goals and targets. As stated in paragraph 84 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, regular reviews in the High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) are to be voluntary, state-led, undertaken by both developed and developing countries, and provide a platform for partnerships, including through the participation of major groups and relevant stakeholder. VNRs make possible the sharing of experiences, including successes, challenges and lessons learned, with a view to accelerating the implementation of the Agenda 2030.
- The preparation of country-level assessments should be led by Government at ministerial level. It must be a very inclusive and participatory process that engage central and local government administrations, civil society and grass roots organizations, academia, private sector, international cooperation partners, all United Nations Agencies, as well as, other national and international development partners.
- The VNR is based on the commitments made by Mozambique in the context of Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, that the country intends to voluntarily present the progress towards its goals and targets, including its challenges, and based on the successes of other countries, accelerate the implementation. As such, the Government of Mozambique, under the coordination of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, decided to conduct its first National Voluntary Review to be presented at the High-Level Political Forum in July 2020, in New York. The review typically consists of several broad phases, with some occurring at the same time
- (parallel sessions). These include the following phases: initial preparation and organisation; VNR preparation, including stakeholder engagement; and HLPL presentation.
- To support the Ministry of Economy and Finance to conduct the VNR process, UNDP Mozambique is recruiting an international consultant, with experience in coordinating comprehensive participatory evaluation processes, including the lead writing of the national SDGs report to be presented to the UN High Level Political Forum (HLPF)
-  IMF Data base
-  MEF (2016), National Poverty Assessment
-  INE, http://www.ine.gov.mz, 2015
-  Transparency International Perception Index (2015
- The selection of the individual consultant will be done following UNDP procurement rules and regulations. UNDP will assess the consultant’s profile, qualifications and skills to ensure high level consultant is recruited using the below evaluation criteria.
- Shortlisted consultants will be invited to an interview.
Application Submission Process
The application submission is in 2 steps:
- Step 1: Interested individual consultants must include the following documents when submitting the applications in UNDP job shop (Please note that only 1 (one) file can be uploaded therefore please include all docs in one file):
- Personal History Form (P11), indicating all past experience from similar projects, as well as the contact details (email and telephone number) of the candidate and at least three (3) professional references (the template can be downloaded from this link: http://europeandcis.undp.org/files/hrforms/P11_modified_for_SCs_and_ICs.doc).
- Step 2: Submission of Financial Proposal
- Applicants are instructed to submit their financial proposals, a lump sum, in US Dollars for this consultancy to firstname.lastname@example.org using the financial proposal template available here: http://procurement-notices.undp.org/view_file.cfm?doc_id=45780. The proposals should be sent via email with the following subject heading: “Agenda 2030 agenda 2063 Consultant /Consultancy Services" by the deadline for this vacancy. Proposals received after the deadline will not be considered. To assist the requesting unit in the comparison of financial proposals, the financial proposal should be all-inclusive and include a breakdown. The term ‘all-inclusive” implies that all costs (professional fees, travel related expenses, communications, utilities, consumables, insurance, visa, cost of living in duty station, etc.) that could possibly be incurred by the Consultant are already factored into the financial proposal.
Application Evaluation Process
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the cumulative analysis methodology (weighted scoring method), where the award of the contract will be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as:
- Responsive/compliant/acceptable and
- Having received the highest score out of a pre-determined set of technical and financial criteria specific to the solicitation.
SDGs Consultant Profile weight: [80%].
Financial Criteria weight: [20%]
Only Individual Consultants obtaining a minimum of 65 points out of 80 available for the technical evaluation, will be considered for the Financial Evaluation.
The following formula will be used to evaluate financial proposal:
p = y (µ/z), where
- p = points for the financial proposal being evaluated;
- y = maximum number of points for the financial proposal;
- µ = price of the lowest priced proposal;
- z = price of the proposal being evaluated.
UNDP is applying fair and transparent selection process that would consider both the technical qualification of Individual Consultants as well as their price proposals. The contract will be awarded to the candidate obtaining the highest combined technical and financial scores.
UNDP retains the right to contact references directly.
- To develop a workplan/roadmap with key deliverables aligned with HLPF deadlines. The consultant should prepare a workplan/roadmap with timelines for deliverables. This roadmap should be broadly disseminated to government partners, UN agencies and other stakeholders. It is also essential to establish a process and a timeline for technical editing as well as for high-level review of the VNR and its main messages. First draft of the Report November 2019, Preliminary messages should be delivered in April 2020 and final Report in May, 2020.
- To budget the VNR process. The consultant should determine estimated costs of carrying out and writing the review. Costs may arise for organisation of stakeholder consultations and meetings, travel of officials, production of the review (editing, layout, translation), and preparation of audio-visual material, including videos, for the VNR presentation at the HLPF.
- To coordinate the structure. Together with the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the consultant will be responsible for the overall coordination of the VNR, including the drafting of the country SDGs report, which should be of high quality. Collaboration with other relevant government ministries, INE, UN agencies, civil society, academia, donors, private sector and other stakeholders is needed to provide information and data. The report drafting process should include the government in all respects. For that, a small advisory group, led by the consultant, will be arranged to lead the complete process of writing the VNR.
- To define the scope of the VNR. The consultant should follow the guidelines that encourage countries to report on the progress in relation to all SDGs. At the same time, the consultant should support the country in identifying priority goals, and cover those in greater depth within the process and the country report. It is also important to consider where the country is in the national planning cycle and whether the national strategy or plan has been updated or aligned with the SDGs. It should also be included the successes, challenges, and lessons learned to accelerate the implementation of Agenda2030.
- To draft the outline and information gathering. The consultant should draft a preliminary outline and advise Government and development partners on the length and structure of the review. It is desirable to set a page limit at the beginning of the process. To gather inputs, the consultant should prepare a list of bodies and agencies that will be providing data and information for the VNR. The National Statistics Institute (INE) and the relevant line ministries are of special importance.
- To develop a stakeholder engagement plan. The consultant should identify key stakeholders, methods of engagement and consider online and other means through which stakeholder contribution could be gathered. The VNR must be a widely participatory process. The consultant is responsible for proposing to Government a participatory structure that guarantees inclusiveness of all sectors of the Mozambican population. The consultant must support Government in all the participatory process at national and local level to guarantee the stakeholders inputs are consider in the final report.
- To gather data. The consultant should be responsible for access data and ensure up-to-date and disaggregated data, when available. Contacts with the national statistical office and other providers of data should be part of the planning process. The consultant should make sure of data quality control and consistency, as it is critical to make sure the report reflects the most reliable and updated data.
- To draw on existing reports. The consultant should use existing national platforms and processes that could contribute to the VNR writing and analysis processes. The consultant can also draw experiences from other countries SDG Reports that have been successfully presented to the UN HLPF.
- Writing responsibilities. The consultant will be the Lead author of the Mozambique First SDGs Report for the SDGs HLPF-VNR process. For the prior, the consultant will draw inputs from all actors involve. Intermediate and final reports are under the consultant responsibility and must be of excellent quality.
- Provide substantive inputs for audio-visuals and printing communication materials.