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Trade Policy Consultant for Trade in Services: Logistics for Pharmaceutical Products in Morocco
|Location :||Home Based|
|Application Deadline :||26-Sep-19 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||Arabic French|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||66 working days over a period of 9 months|
The project of Strengthening Arab Economic Integration for Sustainable Development (AEISD), by UNDP, sets as objective, provision of technical assistance to the League of Arab States (LAS), specifically Economic Sector and relevant organs, and member states of Pan Arab Free Trade Area (PAFTA) in working towards a deepened integration, including preparations for the Arab Customs Union. Its second important component relates to strengthening the Arab connectivity among economies in the region with the expectation, these efforts would be translated into more contribution of economic integration for better livelihood of people, more employment opportunity and participation by the private sector. Trade has significant potential to fight poverty in Arab countries through generation of more income and access to markets. Its third component focuses on the promotion of inclusiveness and transparency as part of the development agenda, particularly on the economic empowerment of women, for regional economic integration.
Built on the progress achieved in the previous program of support to implementation of the Executive Program of the agreement on Facilitating and Developing Trade among Arab Countries (PAFTA), the current project focuses on specific aspects of making trade an engine of inclusive and sustainable growth guided by the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. In continuation, the Project will also focus on helping countries and the main sub-regional and regional integration entities to accelerate the pace of trade reforms and regional economic integration, to strengthen the employment effects of those reforms, with a focus on women and youth, and to mobilize additional resources for this purpose.
The project also aims to address specific challenges and complexities that Arab countries (and League of Arab States) face to enhance regional economic integration, more specifically in the transition from an FTA- based framework towards making the customs union a reality. The following presents major areas of focus:
According to UNCTAD recent studies, services’ contribution to income generation, employment creation and foreign exchange earnings has increased significantly over the last two decades. Over the last 20 years, in developed countries, the importance of services has grown continuously with services now accounting for over 70 per cent of both GDP and total employment. Growth of services has also occurred in developing countries, however, the share of services in GDP and employment remains at 50 per cent and 35 per cent respectively. services in developing countries grows at the rate of eight percent on annual basis.
These figures suggest a large untapped potential for developing countries to advance the development of the services sectors. Principal approaches towards this goal include the creation of an enabling environment through improved regulatory and institutional frameworks for the services economy and more liberalized services trade to enhance market access and investment opportunities.
Given the multifaceted nature of the services economy, with its successful development strongly affected by diverse resource requirements, inter-sectoral linkages and critical roles played by carefully designed national regulatory and incentive-based policies, many developing countries require technical assistance to identify and construct effective institutional frameworks and policy reform packages needed to ensure development gains from services and services trade liberalization.
UNCTAD’s Services Policy Reviews (SPRs) are designed to meet this need. The ultimate SPR goal is to strengthen the capacity of developing country policy makers, regulators and trade negotiators to capture new market opportunities and address national challenges in key and sometimes sensitive services sectors. To this effect, each SPR guides requesting countries through a systematic review of the economic, regulatory, institutional and trade policy environments characterizing their services sectors with the aim of assisting them to improve regulatory and institutional frameworks and to identify trade policy options that advance national sectoral development objectives.
Trade in services has gained in importance for most Arab countries – a consistent pattern for developing countries that embark on the economic diversification. According to statistics by the Arab Monetary Fund (2017) on trade by Arab economies, contribution of extractive industries (i.e. mining, oils and gas) to GDP continue to be on the downward trend, while manufacturing, agriculture and services are rising.
For the Moroccan economy, the pattern of importance of services to the GDP is consistent during the period from 2012 to 2017 in which, trade in services accounts for around 27 percent of the GDP in 2017 (against the average ratio of 21 percent of GDP of all Arab economies) with average growth rate of 4 percent on annual basis.
To assist Morocco’s efforts towards Arab economic integration, particularly in the area of trade in services, UNCTAD and UNDP were called by the Moroccan authorities for support in June 2018. UNDP held consultations with the Government of Morocco, represented by the Ministry of Industry, Investment, Trade and Digital Economy (MIITDE) and agreed on a technical assistance programme on trade in services in December 2018.
Based on the request for technical assistance by the Government of Morocco to UNDP in conjunction with UNCTAD and after consultations with Moroccan trade policy makers during a joint UNDP/UNCTAD scoping mission conducted in May 7 to 9 2019, the Ministry of Industry, Investment, Trade and Digital Economy (MIITDE), decided that the SPR would include the review and analysis of three specific services sectors, on a priority basis, namely: (i) Logistics Services in relation to the transportation and distribution of pharmaceutical products, (ii) Distribution services, comprised of wholesale services trade and retailing, and (iii) Professional Services Sector, limited to the sub-sector on Legal Services.
Building on UNCTAD’s Services Policy Review (SPR) work and experience in many developing countries, the SPR analysis would cover the broad economic and associated social dynamics of the national services sector as a whole and examine the potential of new markets as well in particular in Arab and African countries. The three aforementioned services sectors will be therefore the subject of the SPR to be undertaken by UNCTAD and UNDP for Morocco in 2019 - 2020.
Consultancy work, to be undertaken by the expert, under the supervision of and with guidance from UNCTAD in collaboration with UNDP, would contribute to the comprehensive review report on the three identified sectors as indicated in the earlier paragraph to be submitted to the Government of Morocco and concerned stakeholders. The expert will be part of the working team with experts from UNCTAD and UNDP, and it is expected that his/her work be integrated within the consolidated SPR final report. For that purpose, specific Terms of Refence (ToR) for the review of the three mentioned service sectors are developed in the following sections. The execution of this consultancy work is carried out under UN rules and regulations applicable for Delegated Direct Implementation and fully aligned to UNDP Programme and Operations Policies and Procedures (POPP).
Duties and Responsibilities
In accordance to a report by Business Monitor International (BMI), in 2017, the Moroccan pharmaceutical market accounted for approximately US$ 1.48 billion in sale (or 1.47% of Moroccan GDP) and could reach U$ 1.9 billion in 2021 at the growth rate of 6.7 percent (Compound Annual Growth Rate). The sector draws about 400 million dirhams investments every year and more than 9000 direct jobs. Due to the significant potential of the sector in improving welfare for the citizens toward the Sustainable Development, in international trade in Africa, Middle East, Morocco prioritized the review in making the operating environment more viable and consider policy measures to capitalize on the exporting potential in new markets. The national expert (NE) will be responsible for the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the current status of logistics used for the distribution and transportation of pharmaceutical products in the country. The methodology of this review is based on the Service Policy Review (SPR) methodology, designed by UNCTAD, with due account to corresponding adjustments to conditions and trade environment of Morocco. Accordingly, the final report of the review of this sector should cover, inter alia, the following:
Expectedly, from the findings of the study, Morocco might identify the corresponding institutional and policy measures to further boost the supply side in Logistics services, and design adequate sequencing of reforms. The main focus would be on the review and analysis of modalities of improvement of the logistics in facilitating transportation, storage and distribution of pharmaceutical products in view of enhancing Morocco’s market entry to possible Arab and other regional markets.
Within the scope of this assignment, the sectors and subsectors are defined in accordance with Services Sectoral Classification by the WTO (MTN.GNS/W/120, July 10, 1991) with due consultation to ISIC 4. However, the WTO classification does not provide for an explicit definition of logistics services under the GATS. It is generally subsumed under Transport related services and Distribution Services. That includes the review of service contents in the logistics chain for pharmaceutical products, defined in H. Services Auxiliary to all modes of transport, comprised of: i) Cargo-Handling ser-vices (741); ii) Storage and warehouse services (742); iii) Freight Transport Agency Services (748); and d) Other (749) under Transport Services.
The national expert (NE) will perform the following duties:
 International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4, Valid from 2008, United Nations Statistics Division (UNDESA)
 Many definitions have attempted to capture the essence of logistics services. A commonly used definition describes logistics as "having the right thing, at the right place, at the right time". The Council of Logistics Management defines logistics as "… the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods, services, and related information from point of origin to point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements”
 In February 2005, the Friends of Logistics, an informal Group in the WTO, tabled a joint statement, endorsed by a mix of developed and developing countries, urging WTO Members to engage in negotiations with a view to undertaking commitments on logistics services. The Logistics Services Checklist they produced distinguishes among the following elements: (i) Core Freight Logistics Services; (ii)Related Freight Logistics Services; and (iii) Non-Core Freight Logistics Services (see Annex)
Knowledge Management and Learning
Required Skills and Experience
Years of Experience
DURATION OF THE WORK
The duration of the work is expected to be 66 working days over a period of 9 months starting contract signature date.
This is a home-based assignment in Morocco with possible travel to Arab countries. In such cases, unforeseen travel will be arranged in accordance with UNDP’s rules and regulations.
SCOPE OF PRICE PROPOSAL AND SCHEDULE OF PAYMENTS
All proposals must be expressed in a lump sum amount. This amount must be “all-inclusive”. Please note that the terms “all-inclusive” implies that all costs (professional fees, travel costs, living allowances, communications, consumables, etc.) that could possibly be incurred are already factored into the final amounts submitted in the proposal.
The contractor will be paid an all-inclusive Deliverables/Outputs based lump sum amounts over the assignment period, subject to the submission of Certification of Payment (CoP) duly certified and confirmation of satisfactory performance of achieved work (deliverables/outputs) in line with the schedule of payments table mentioned in Procurement Notice.
Documents to be included when submitting the offers
Interested individual consultants must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications. Candidates that fail to submit the required information will not be considered.
Please do not submit financial proposal in this stage.Financial proposal shall be requested from Candidates who are considered technically responsive only
Interested candidates shall submit above documents to the Job Advertisement Website: https://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_jobs.cfm as one document not later than 16 August 2019. Interested candidates can find Procurement notice, letter of confirmation of interest and availability and P11 http://procurement-notices.undp.org/
CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF THE BEST OFFERS
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodologies:
Step I: Screening and desk review:
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodology.
Applications will be first screened and only candidates meeting the following minimum requirements will progress to the pool for shortlisting:
Excellent writing, editing and oral communications skills in both French and Arabic.
Technical evaluation Criteria max 100 points (Weighted 70):
Financial Criteria - 30% of total evaluation:
For those offers considered in the financial evaluation, the lowest price offer will receive 30 points.
Step II: Final evaluation:
The final evaluation will combine the scores of the desk review and the financial proposal with the following weights assigned to each:
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the cumulative analysis methodology (weighted scoring method), where the award of the contract will be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as:
Technical Criteria weight: [70%]
Only Individual Consultants obtaining a minimum of 49 points (70%) on the Technical evaluation would be considered for the Financial Evaluation.
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.