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MID-TERM EVALUATION OF UN WOMEN PROJECT- ‘“Promoting Women and Girls´ Effective Participation in Peace, Security and Recovery in Mozambique” - (LOCAL CONSULTANT)
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Location :||Maputo, Mozambique, MOZAMBIQUE|
|Application Deadline :||12-Oct-20 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Gender Equality|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English Portuguese|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||45 Days|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||45 Days|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
A. UN Women´s Mandate for the Project
The work of the UN Women on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) is governed by a series of commitments on the rights of women. These include United Nations Security Council (UNSC) landmark Resolution 1325 (2000) and nine successive resolutions - 1820, 1888, 1889, 1960, 2106, 2122, 2242, 2467 and 2493 as well as the Beijing Platform for Action (BPFA) and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) including the CEDAW General Recommendation No. 30 on conflict prevention, conflict and post-conflict situations.
UN Women supports women’s full and equal representation and participation in all levels of peace processes and security efforts. Enhancing women’s engagement for sustainable peace requires an integrated approach that simultaneously addresses conflict prevention, resolution and recovery, while strengthening national accountability and ensuring women’s protection from all forms of human rights violations, including sexual and gender-based violence. In order to achieve transformative change, UN Women works in the following areas: (1) increasing women’s meaningful participation in formal, and informal peace negotiations; (2) promoting women’s participation in peacebuilding and recovery planning, women’s economic empowerment within recovery efforts, and the establishment of gender responsive post-conflict institutions; (3) increase women´s participation and safety in peacekeeping; (3) ending impunity conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence; (4) promoting a gender-sensitive approach to preventing and countering violent extremism; and (5) create an enabling environment for the implementation of national commitments to women, peace and security (including the implementation of National Action Plans on WPS). In addition, UN Women promotes research initiatives, data collection, learning exchanges, and documentation of good practices on women, peace and security to inform policy and programming.
The actions of UN Women in Mozambique are aligned with two strategic objectives: 1) Consolidate national unity, peace and sovereignty and 2) Develop human and social capital in accordance to the government´s Five Year Plan and the National Plan for the Advancement of Women. The project being implemented will contribute to the implementation of the National Action Plan for the Advancement of Women and the National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security (2018-2022) (NAP), which was created with the support of UN Women. The project is part of the larger UN Women Programme on Women, Peace and Security and is being implemented within the framework of the UNDAF (the framework for comprehensive programme cooperation between the UN and the Government of Mozambique) and will contribute towards the achievement of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want.
B. Context in Mozambique
Following the 1992 Peace Accords between the government of Mozambique and the former rebel movement RENAMO, Mozambique knew almost 20 years of relative peace and stability. This allowed for significant democratic advances in the country, including gender equality and women's empowerment.
Since the ratification of the CEDAW in 1997 and the adoption of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action as well as the gender equality as a constitutional principle, Mozambique has made significant progress at political, legal and institutional level. The main milestones include the existence of a National Policy and Implementation Strategy, the National Plan for the Advancement of Women, a Law on Domestic Violence Against Women (29/2009), the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action, the National Council for Women's Advancement, represented at both provincial and district level, the adoption and implementation of an integrated multi-sectoral approach to assist victims of violence against women, National Action Plan on Women Peace and Security, and the law to Prevent and Combat Premature Unions (19/2019).
Women's participation in politics has increased over time, particularly on central level and women's participation over all sectors of government reached 32.4% in 2016.  This is even more visible at provincial, district and community level: there are 36% women provincial governors from previous 22,7%, 18% district administrators from previous 11% and 17% of the heads of administrative posts compared to less than 5%. However, progress has not been enough to challenge deeply rooted sociocultural norms on local level.
The political situation remains fragile with demobilization and reintegration of former rebel armed forces following cease fire between the government and the National Mozambican Resistance (RENAMO) reached in March 2018 and part of the recently definitive peace agreement signed definitive and comprehensive Peace and Reconciliation Agreement by the Government and RENAMO in August 2019. However, since 2017, the province of Cabo Delgado (in north of Mozambique-one of the provinces with a growing extractive industry) has been affected by attacks by armed group said to be linked to extremist religious groups, which resulting in social instability.
While political-military tensions as well as the increasing violent extremism in the northern region threaten the already precarious peace and security of women and girls in Mozambique. In addition, other factors, such as macroeconomic instability, health crises (including COVID-19, HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, etc), natural disasters and the emergence of conflicts, raise further threatens the peace and security of women. Several women and girls have directly endured or are still enduring the impact of conflicts and attacks, live in a constant state of fear of violence, have lost their livelihoods, and have been displaced. This further aggravated by the ongoing political tensions between the leading political parties (despite the signing of the Peace Agreement in 2019) and as the conflicts in the northern region of the country continues to expand and escalate.
II. Description of the Project
The project rationale stems from the need to promote the active and full participation of women and girls in peace, security and recovery processes in Mozambique at all levels.
To respond to challenges faced in the promotion of gender equality in peace and security processes at all levels in Mozambique, since 2016 the Government of Mozambique, through the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action and with the support of UN Women, began the formulation of the National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security for the national implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and the related resolutions. In May 2018, the Government of Mozambique approved the National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security (2018-2022) (NAP) which seeks to promote women´s and girls´ human rights in armed conflict and post-conflict contexts.
As form of operationalizing the NAP, UN Women in partnership with MGCAS and support of the Governments of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway, is implementing a project denominated: “Promoting Women and Girl’s effective participation in peace, security and recovery in Mozambique.” The project focuses on:
With a duration of five years, it started in December 2017 and will end in December 2021 , the project is currently being implemented in 14 districts and 7 provinces of the country (please refer to the graphic below for specifications) with a total budget of approximately 4.5 million dollars. It is important to note that the project duration had been extended by one year from December 2020 to December 2021. Its direct beneficiaries are women and local government authorities.
The project is guided by the following theory of change: 1) if a facilitating environment is created for the implementation of WPS commitments, 2) if women participate in decision-making processes on prevention, management and conflict resolution in an effective way, and 3) if the protection, physical and mental health and economic security of women and girls is guaranteed, their human rights respected and their specific needs in the process of peacebuilding and recovery fulfilled. Then, societies will be more peaceful and fairer, because evidence shows that women are the driving forces of peace and security and inclusive societies are more likely to be stable. Furthermore, post-conflict scenarios are opportunities to link to the root causes of gender inequality barriers.
The expected results of the project are the following:
The project counts with the following Key stakeholders: Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action; the Governments of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of National Defence, Civil Society organizations, especially women-led organizations/associations, the provincial governments and the governments of the target districts. Some of these partners are part of the project Advisory Group.
The project management structure is composed of:
Duties and Responsibilities
Purpose (and use of the evaluation)
The evaluation will take place during the 2.5 year of implementation and UN women commissioned the MTE to inform future direction of the project. Therefore, it aims at improving implementation, use of resources, accountability as well as aims to identify the lessons learnt and good practices in order for the project to grow and adapt accordingly in order to achieve the intended results. In this perspective, the evaluation will be used for both accountability and learning purposes, as well as contributing to inform future implementation and decision-making. The evaluation will also serve to sharpen and/or re-align results to new national development indicators, the challenges of the protracted instability and growing violence in project implementation areas and the tension between emergency and development interventions.
The target audience of the evaluation will be the UN Women project management, its country office and regional management; the donor of the project, other donors interested in UN Women’s portfolio, UN Women’s partners (including the national government and the provincial governments); other stakeholders engaged stakeholders engaged in promotion of WPS agenda, in and out of Mozambique.
Objectives (evaluation criteria and key questions)
Considering the mandates to incorporate human rights and gender equality in all UN work and the UN Women Evaluation Policy, which promotes the integration of women’s rights and gender equality principles, these dimensions will have a special attention in this evaluation. A specific evaluation objective on human rights and gender equality is included as well as considered under each evaluation criterion.
The overall objectives of this evaluation are to:
Key Evaluation Questions
The following draft evaluation questions serve as first reference point for the inquiry. The specific evaluation questions, performance criteria and relevant evaluation instruments will be determined during the inception stage and in close consultation with the Evaluation Reference Group.
Contribution to the Intended Outcomes and Impacts
Human Rights approach and Gender Equality principles
Monitoring, Evaluation and Knowledge Management
Scope of the evaluation
The scope of the evaluation is national (concentrated at central level as well as in the 14 target districts in the 7 project provinces) and will include all dimensions of the project, namely how it contributes to the overall UN Women mandate to support normative and intergovernmental, operational and coordination work at provincial and national levels. It will assess the implementation from 2018 to the current implementation. In an effort to identify and assess WPS linkages with other thematic areas, the evaluation scope includes also other UN Women impact areas such as the elimination of violence against women and girls, women´s socioeconomic empowerment, and global norms and institutional support. In addition, it will shed light on key relevant issues and emerging project risks, including but not limited to, the increase in violence in Cabo Delgado, the increase in humanitarian and public health crises.
Evaluation design (process and methods)
The evaluation will be carried following UN Evaluation Group (UNEG) Norms and Standards (see http://www.unwomen.org/about-us/accountability/evaluation/), UN Women Evaluation Policy, UN Women Evaluation Handbook on Gender-Responsive Evaluation, it is already referenced with link in the Annex, UNEG Technical Note on the SWAP Evaluation Performance Indicator, (see https://www.unwomen.org/en/about-us/accountability/evaluation/un-coherence) as well as the Ethical Guidelines for evaluations in the UN system, see Annex to this TOR. Once finalized the evaluation report will be quality-assessed based on the UN Women Global Evaluation Reports Assessment and Analysis System (GERAAS). GERAAS standards and GERAAS rating matrix are available at http://www.unwomen.org/en/about-us/evaluation/decentralized-evaluations.
The formative evaluation will be based on the explicit theory of change already formulated by stakeholders at the beginning of the programme. It will test its validity against the evidence collected so far regarding key programme results. It is also important to mention that both qualitative and quantitative methods are expected to be utilised. The evaluation process will be transparent and involving various stakeholders and partners.
The evaluation type will be non-experimental, and follow these phases:
The evaluation methodology will be developed by the Evaluation Consultants and presented for approval to the Evaluation Reference Group. The methodology should use a combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods that are appropriate to address the main evaluation questions and account for complexity of gender relations and to ensure participatory and inclusive processes that are culturally appropriate. These methods should be responsive to human rights and gender equality principles and facilitate the engagement of key stakeholders. Measures will be taken to ensure the quality, reliability and validity of data and data collection tools. Limitations with respect to the sample (representativeness) should be stated clearly.
Primary data collection could be undertaken through observations, site visit, individual key informant interviews and focal group discussions with representatives of relevant government institutions (duty bearers), development partners, beneficiaries (right holders) and key community players seeking to address gender equality and human rights issues. Data collection methods such as appreciative inquiry, most significant change, case study, survey could also be implemented. The evaluator will develop a sampling frame (area and population represented, rationale for selection, mechanics of selection, and limitations of the sample) and specify how it will address the diversity of stakeholders in the intervention. However, given the current COVID-19 context and the increase in insecurity and violence context, there may be some restrictions in the collection of primary data in the field and the evaluation methodology needs to take into account the current COVID-19 and insecurity in Cabo Delgado and other provinces, which will require the application of remote / virtual/ online methods for data collection and stakeholder engagement. For more details, please see UNW Pocket tool for managing evaluation during the COVID-19 pandemic: https://www.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/publications/2020/05/pocket-tool-for-managing-evaluation-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
The evaluator should take measures to ensure data quality, reliability and validity of data collection tools and methods and their responsiveness to gender equality and human rights; for example, the limitations of the sample (representativeness) should be stated clearly and the data should be triangulated (cross-checked against other sources) to help ensure robust results. All the data collected should be gender-responsive (including disaggregated by sex and age).
The final evaluation report, its quality rating and the evaluation management response will be publicly disclosed in the UNW GATE system.
The Evaluators will collaborate with the Project Management to convene and coordinate meetings with the Evaluation Reference Group (ERG). Ideally, the ERG will include the members of the WPS Advisory Group: The Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action; the Governments of Iceland and Norway; sister UN agencies, UN Women staff from national and Regional level, local governments and civil society organizations (specially women-led organizations/associations/groups). They will be playing liaison, technical advisory and quality assurance roles, including the validation and dissemination of results. In this sense, rural women and their associations are key rights holders — their views, challenges and progress need to be highly reflected in the process and results of this evaluation
Corporate Competences and Ethics
Managing knowledge and learning
Ethical Code of Conduct
Required Skills and Experience
Bachelor’s degree in gender studies, development studies, economics, social science, peace and security studies, rural development or other related fields
Fluent in Portuguese and good knowledge of English (both spoken and written). Knowledge of local languages in Mozambique is a strong asset.