Consultancy Development of a UNDP Programme on Renewable Energy in the Sahel - Dakar Regional Hub, SENEGAL


Location : Home-based
Application Deadline :24-Nov-20 (Midnight New York, USA)
Type of Contract :Individual Contract
Post Level :International Consultant
Languages Required :
English   French  
Starting Date :
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
01-Dec-2020
Duration of Initial Contract :50 Days
Expected Duration of Assignment :80 Days

UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.

UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.


Background

1.1. Situation analysis

The Sahel, the semi-arid region stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the East of Chad, is currently facing a humanitarian, security, economic and environmental crisis of an unprecedented scale that significantly threatens the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. Almost 50 percent of the region lives in poverty and lacks access to natural capital, social services and basic infrastructure, especially in rural areas. Rapid population growth combined with environmental degradation, climate change and disaster impacts, food insecurity, diseases, weak governance and lack of job opportunities mainly for youth and women contribute to an increasing vulnerability of the Sahel population to extreme poverty, malnutrition, illiteracy, gender-based violence and recruitment by Non-State Armed Groups.

The lack of access to energy further compounds the realization of essential social and economic services, which are critical for human development in the region. As of today, severe energy scarcity still prevails in the Sahel region. Over the ten Sahel countries, national electricity access rates range from 12 percent in Chad to 67 percent in Senegal, with a national average of 43 percent and significant differences between urban and rural areas. Overall, around 168 million people currently lack access to electricity in the ten Sahel countries, of which 83 percent live in rural areas. The electricity mix in the Sahel countries is still dominated by large centralized fossil fuel power plants supplying the national grid. In Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding South Africa), about half of the grid electricity is provided by hydropower, with oil and gas accounting for most of the balance and non-hydro renewables representing only 4 percent of total generation output in 2018. Despite a vast renewable energy potential from solar, wind or biomass, the main effort in the region over the last decade has been on increasing electricity capacity by expanding centralized fossil fuel or hydro-based generation. As a result, other renewable energy technologies, which may often be better suited to many African countries with only limited hydrological and fossil fuel resources but vast wind, solar and biomass potential, are largely untapped.

Clean cooking shows even lower rates of access. In five Sahel countries, less than 5 percent of the population have access to clean cooking, and none of the ten Sahel countries have an access rate higher than 43 percent, which is far below the global average of 63 percent. Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region where the number of people without access to clean cooking continues to rise significantly. Lack of access to clean cooking is a significant contributor to premature deaths due to household air pollution. It also increases women’s and girls’ workloads and contributes to forest and land degradation, thus enhancing vulnerabilities to climate change. Despite efforts by several governments in the region to promote alternative cooking fuels (such as LPG), reliance on traditional use of biomass still dominates in rural areas. If the total energy situation is considered, traditional biomass represents the bulk of the final energy consumption, reaching up to 70-85 percent in some of the Sahel countries .

Providing access to clean, reliable and affordable energy (SDG7) is a fundamental enabler of the broader set of SDGs, which has the potential to trigger the transformational change needed to improve the development indicators in the Sahel region sustainably. Access to clean energy - sustainable power to ensure critical socio-economic services in health, WASH, education or nutrition - can serve environmental protection and provide essential ingredients for lifting people out of poverty, improving health and security outcomes, boosting educational levels, reducing gender inequities and enabling sustainable socio-economic development. Guided by Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals, the UN system in general and UNDP in particular have an important role to play to support governments and other stakeholders in their efforts to close the energy gap through the provision of clean, affordable and reliable energy access to the Sahelian population, starting with the most vulnerable groups.

1.2. UNDP’s Action

In 2013, the UN Security Council adopted the UN Integrated Strategy for the Sahel (UNISS) with three pillars (governance, security and resilience) as an integrated and well-coordinated response to the Sahel crisis. In 2018, a UNISS Support Plan (SP) was elaborated to scale up efforts to promote greater coherence, coordination and collaboration among stakeholders for expedited sustainable development of the region. The UNISS Support Plan includes promoting access to renewable energy as one of its six priority areas.

For the operationalization of the UNISS vision for the Sahel, on the request of UNSDG, UNDP is leading a joint effort of the UN agencies to frame a common UN renewable energy offer for the Sahel to reach universal access to modern energy services (SDG 7) and power the economies for increased prosperity, peace and overall wellbeing in the region. In this scope, a vision paper was issued in 2019, and a conceptual framework is being developed by the partner agencies, focusing on supporting access to sustainable energy as an enabler to economic development, in particular in rural areas and crisis settings.

UNDP’s leadership role in this effort is justified by its strong presence in the region (ten country offices, one subregional Hub in Dakar) and its long experience in institutional capacity building and community support in the energy sector, both as executing agency of vertical funds and trusted partner of a wide range of donors.

1.1. Situation analysis

The Sahel, the semi-arid region stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the East of Chad, is currently facing a humanitarian, security, economic and environmental crisis of an unprecedented scale that significantly threatens the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. Almost 50 percent of the region lives in poverty and lacks access to natural capital, social services and basic infrastructure, especially in rural areas. Rapid population growth combined with environmental degradation, climate change and disaster impacts, food insecurity, diseases, weak governance and lack of job opportunities mainly for youth and women contribute to an increasing vulnerability of the Sahel population to extreme poverty, malnutrition, illiteracy, gender-based violence and recruitment by Non-State Armed Groups.

The lack of access to energy further compounds the realization of essential social and economic services, which are critical for human development in the region. As of today, severe energy scarcity still prevails in the Sahel region. Over the ten Sahel countries, national electricity access rates range from 12 percent in Chad to 67 percent in Senegal, with a national average of 43 percent and significant differences between urban and rural areas. Overall, around 168 million people currently lack access to electricity in the ten Sahel countries, of which 83 percent live in rural areas. The electricity mix in the Sahel countries is still dominated by large centralized fossil fuel power plants supplying the national grid. In Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding South Africa), about half of the grid electricity is provided by hydropower, with oil and gas accounting for most of the balance and non-hydro renewables representing only 4 percent of total generation output in 2018. Despite a vast renewable energy potential from solar, wind or biomass, the main effort in the region over the last decade has been on increasing electricity capacity by expanding centralized fossil fuel or hydro-based generation. As a result, other renewable energy technologies, which may often be better suited to many African countries with only limited hydrological and fossil fuel resources but vast wind, solar and biomass potential, are largely untapped.

Clean cooking shows even lower rates of access. In five Sahel countries, less than 5 percent of the population have access to clean cooking, and none of the ten Sahel countries have an access rate higher than 43 percent, which is far below the global average of 63 percent. Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region where the number of people without access to clean cooking continues to rise significantly. Lack of access to clean cooking is a significant contributor to premature deaths due to household air pollution. It also increases women’s and girls’ workloads and contributes to forest and land degradation, thus enhancing vulnerabilities to climate change. Despite efforts by several governments in the region to promote alternative cooking fuels (such as LPG), reliance on traditional use of biomass still dominates in rural areas. If the total energy situation is considered, traditional biomass represents the bulk of the final energy consumption, reaching up to 70-85 percent in some of the Sahel countries .

Providing access to clean, reliable and affordable energy (SDG7) is a fundamental enabler of the broader set of SDGs, which has the potential to trigger the transformational change needed to improve the development indicators in the Sahel region sustainably. Access to clean energy - sustainable power to ensure critical socio-economic services in health, WASH, education or nutrition - can serve environmental protection and provide essential ingredients for lifting people out of poverty, improving health and security outcomes, boosting educational levels, reducing gender inequities and enabling sustainable socio-economic development. Guided by Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals, the UN system in general and UNDP in particular have an important role to play to support governments and other stakeholders in their efforts to close the energy gap through the provision of clean, affordable and reliable energy access to the Sahelian population, starting with the most vulnerable groups.

1.2. UNDP’s Action

In 2013, the UN Security Council adopted the UN Integrated Strategy for the Sahel (UNISS) with three pillars (governance, security and resilience) as an integrated and well-coordinated response to the Sahel crisis. In 2018, a UNISS Support Plan (SP) was elaborated to scale up efforts to promote greater coherence, coordination and collaboration among stakeholders for expedited sustainable development of the region. The UNISS Support Plan includes promoting access to renewable energy as one of its six priority areas.

For the operationalization of the UNISS vision for the Sahel, on the request of UNSDG, UNDP is leading a joint effort of the UN agencies to frame a common UN renewable energy offer for the Sahel to reach universal access to modern energy services (SDG 7) and power the economies for increased prosperity, peace and overall wellbeing in the region. In this scope, a vision paper was issued in 2019, and a conceptual framework is being developed by the partner agencies, focusing on supporting access to sustainable energy as an enabler to economic development, in particular in rural areas and crisis settings.

UNDP’s leadership role in this effort is justified by its strong presence in the region (ten country offices, one subregional Hub in Dakar) and its long experience in institutional capacity building and community support in the energy sector, both as executing agency of vertical funds and trusted partner of a wide range of donors.


Duties and Responsibilities

The overall objective of the consultancy is to develop a UNDP regional programme proposal on renewable energy in the Sahel region, covering both electricity and clean cooking access. The programme is expected to be composed of a set of complementary regional and national interventions underpinned by a clear theory of change to achieve a set of targets contributing directly to SDG7 (Affordable and clean energy) and enabling a range of other SDGs, in particular SDG1 (No poverty), SDG2 (Zero hunger), SDG3 (Good health and well-being), SDG8 (Decent work and economic growth), and SDG13 (Climate action).

To this end, the consultant will work under the leadership of the Head of the UNDP Sub-Regional Hub for West and Central Africa in Dakar, and the direct supervision and guidance of the Regional Energy Specialist on Energy and Climate Change. The consultant will also work in close collaboration with other UNDP bureaus/entities and with other UN agencies at the national and regional levels. A key expectation is for the consultant to seek strong anchorage of the programme within the UN System - in particular the UNISS framework – and explore partnerships and synergies with other UN agencies active in the Sahel.

To achieve the objective, the consultant will conduct the following tasks:

Review existing documents prepared by UNDP and other UN agencies, in particular in the scope of the work on renewable energy undertaken in the context of UNISS, to understand the priorities and strategies with which the project will need to be aligned. This will include existing recent deep-dive analysis of the off-grid energy sector in a number of Sahelian countries.

Take stock of ongoing UN initiatives related to renewable energy in the Sahel region, and review relevant experiences from other regions that may inform the development of this project.

Identify key actors involved in renewable energy in the Sahel region (focusing on the priorities identified in the context of UNISS’s work on renewable energy), including their main field of interventions, geographic focus, complementarity with UN’s work.

Conduct a review and analysis of the main potential donors and ongoing support on renewable energy in the Sahel region, including the main thematic/programmatic area of interest; the geographic area and level (community, national, regional, cross-border) of focus; the level of integration of their actions with other policy or programming interventions in the Sahel region.

Explore linkages with other interventions supported by the UNISS pillars (Resilience, Governance, Security), as relevant.

Conduct a deep-dive baseline analysis in 3 selected countries (Chad, Guinea, Mauritania) through extensive consultations with local stakeholders to better understand the situation of the off-grid sector and identify relevant interventions at the national level and potential partners and donors to support them.

Based on the above-mentioned work, draft a full regional programme proposal. Following UNDP’s template and guidance, the proposal will include, among others, (i) an in-depth situation analysis of the renewable energy sector in the Sahel region, focusing on the priorities identified in the UNISS context; (ii) a strong justification of the programme implementation strategy based on a coherent theory of change, geographic focus and potential partnerships; (iii) a detailed description of the expected results, outputs and activities both at regional and country level; (iv) a proposition for programme management arrangement and structure, and; (v) a detailed Results framework and budgeted multi-year annual work plan.

Deliverables

  • An inception report including workplan, timeframe, methodology and planned national and regional consultations to be conducted in the scope of this study.(2 working days);
  • A report on ongoing interventions of relevance in the region and experience of interest in other regions. The report should include a review on the actors involved in the field of renewable energy in the Sahel region, focusing on the priority areas identified in the context of UNISS’s work on renewable energy. (8 working days)
  • An analysis of the main donor’s area of financing and support in the renewable energy sector in the Sahel region, focusing on the priority areas identified in the context of UNISS’s work on renewable energy. (8 working days);
  • A first draft concept note/slide deck of the project that will propose (i) a theory of change; (ii) the proposed results framework with a short description of the expected results, outputs and activities (2 working days);
  • A first version of the full regional programme proposal on renewable energy submitted for review (10 working days);
  • The final version of the full regional programme proposal (20 working days).


Competencies

Integrity and professionalism:

Demonstrated expertise in area of specialty and ability to apply good judgment;

High degree of autonomy and ability to take ownership;

Willingness to accept responsibilities and ability to work independently;

Ability to manage information objectively, accurately and confidentially;

Work in responsive and client-oriented manner.

Accountability:

Ability to operate in compliance with organizational rules and regulations.

Planning, effective organizational and problem-solving skills:

Ability to manage a large volume of work in an efficient and timely manner;

Ability to establish priorities and to plan, coordinate and monitor (own) work.

Teamwork

Teamwork and respect for diversity: ability to establish and maintain effective partnerships and harmonious working relations in a multi-cultural environment with sensitivity and respect for diversity.

Communication

Excellent oral and written communication skills, including ability to prepare clear and concise reports;

Ability to make and defend recommendations;

Ability to communicate and empathize with staff (including national staff), military personnel, volunteers, counterparts and local interlocutors coming from very diverse backgrounds;

Ability to maintain composure and remain helpful towards colleagues, but objective, without showing personal interest.


Required Skills and Experience

Advanced degree in energy, climate change, international development, law, international affairs, business administration, development economics, or other relevant field, or extensive compensating experience in relevant, technical fields.

Experience:

At least 7 years of relevant work experience in the field of energy

Good knowledge and practical experience of the Sahel region

Excellent analytical and drafting skills are required with proven experience in report writing in English and in writing project proposals

Previous experience with the UN, Regional entities, and/or donors is desirable.

Language:

Full proficiency both oral and written in both English and French is required.

Computer skills:

Excellent computer literacy and skills on MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint and overall report writing is required.

Evaluation

The consultant will be evaluated based on their experience and qualifications as well as an analysis of their methodological note and financial offer. The technical qualification and financial offer will be analysed at a 70 / 30 split. Methodological note and financial offer are assessed based on the terms of reference.

The candidate, methodological note and financial offer will be analysed based on the following criteria:

Advanced degree in energy, climate change, international development, law, international affairs, business administration, development economics, or other relevant field, or extensive compensating experience in relevant, technical fields

Curriculum Vitae;

Scanned copies of diplomas;

An example of at least 2 similar work (project proposal) conducted;

Two reference letters from your former employer/supervisor;

A proposed methodology of work and timeline.

A financial proposal that should include:

The daily fee and the estimated total fee for the consultancy.

Experience

At least 7 years of relevant work experience in the field of energy

Good knowledge and practical experience of the Sahel region

Excellent analytical and drafting skills are required with proven experience in report writing in English and in writing project proposals

Previous experience with the UN, Regional entities, and/or donors is desirable

Formation

Advanced degree in energy, climate change, international development, law, international affairs, business administration, development economics, or other relevant field, or extensive compensating experience in relevant, technical fields (20 points)

Curriculum Vitae;

Scanned copies of diplomas;

An example of at least 2 similar work (project proposal) conducted;

Two reference letters from your former employer/supervisor;

A proposed methodology of work and timeline.

Experience

At least 7 years of relevant work experience in the field of energy (30 points)

Good knowledge and practical experience of the Sahel region

Excellent analytical and drafting skills are required with proven experience in report writing in English and in writing project proposals

Previous experience with the UN, Regional entities, and/or donors is desirable

Expertise and Compétences (20 Points)

  • Integrity and professionalism: demonstrated expertise in area of specialty and ability to apply good judgment; high degree of autonomy and ability to take ownership; willingness to accept responsibilities and ability to work independently; ability to manage information objectively, accurately and confidentially; work in responsive and client-oriented manner.
  • Accountability: ability to operate in compliance with organizational rules and regulations.  
  • Planning, effective organizational and problem-solving skills: ability to manage a large volume of work in an efficient and timely manner; ability to establish priorities and to plan, coordinate and monitor (own) work.
  • Teamwork and respect for diversity: ability to establish and maintain effective partnerships and harmonious working relations in a multi-cultural environment with sensitivity and respect for diversity

Technical Offer (30 points)

  • Completion of a technical note (methodology) based on the TORs, including a timeline for the work carried out. (30 points)



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