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National Consultant for Project Evaluation
|Location :||Sana'a, YEMEN|
|Application Deadline :||26-Jan-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Climate & Disaster Resilience|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||Arabic English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||57 Workdays (between January to April 2021)|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||57 Workdays (between January to April 2021)|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
The humanitarian crisis in Yemen remains the worst in the world, driven by conflict, disease, economic collapse and the breakdown of public institutions and services. After five years of continuous war, millions of people are hungry, ill, destitute and acutely vulnerable. A staggering 80 percent of the entire population requires some form of humanitarian assistance and protection. Prior to the escalation of conflict in 2015, development in Yemen was strained. A country of 30 million people, Yemen ranked: (a) 153rd on the Human Development Index (HDI); (b) 138th in extreme poverty; (c) 147th in life expectancy; (d) 172nd in educational attainment; The projections suggest that Yemen would not have achieved any of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 even in the absence of conflict. The COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 represents a crisis within a crisis in Yemen, with potentially catastrophic effects on already vulnerable populations.
The political and military outlook remains uncertain. Yemen’s post-Arab Spring transition spiraled into a full-blown war in March 2015. The armed conflict has persisted ever since, stalling Yemen’s political progress. Peacemaking efforts led by the Office of Special Envoy of Secretary-General to Yemen (OSESGY) have yielded rather uneven and fluid results with geographical variances. In December 2018, the Internationally Recognized Government (IRG) and the De Facto Authority (DFA, the “Houthies”) signed the “Stockholm Agreement,” including a ceasefire in the port city of Al-Hodeidah. Despite the launch of UN Mission to support the Hodeidah Agreement (UNMHA), however, the much-anticipated peace in the west-coast area remains elusive to date. In August 2019, the secessionist Southern Transitional Council (STC) seized control of Aden, splintering IRG-held territories. November witnessed the Saudi-brokered “Riyadh Agreement,” but the south continues to fall under multiple armed groups, with a frozen negotiation over a power-sharing cabinet. In 2020, the shifting gravity of fighting on land has engulfed Marib, while the Houthis and Saudi Arabia are continuing retaliatory exchanges with their drone- and air-strikes.
One of the most concerning social and institutional consequences of the armed conflict is the politicization and the decapacitation of rule of law institutions. Arbitrary detention has spread throughout the country, as the investigations by the OHCHR Group of Experts (2018) confirmed. The conflict-induced deterioration of the public services, including the interrupted execution of civil servant salaries and service delivery budgets, may well add a capacity challenge to the political manipulation of the formal institutions. Together with the diminished community protection capacity, the depleted institutional justice capacity has driven vulnerable populations into a greater risk of human rights abuse and violation. Female and juvenile detainees are one of the most vulnerable, suffering from intersecting marginalities. In particular, women in detention risk in-prison Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) and post-prison stigmatization and social ostracization for life, including rejection by their own families due to the same of incarceration. Juveniles also face grave protection violations when they are held together with adults. Furthermore, COVID-19 pandemic and the pressing need to de-crowd detention facilities have escalated the tension over the distribution of already constrained protection service within the places of detention.
Peacebuilding Fund Rationale
In response to the challenges to peace and protection in Yemen, the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) has collaborated with country-level UN entities, including OSESGY, to design the current Project jointly with UNDP, UNICEF and UN Women. The project planning process built upon the findings from preliminary assessment exercises in 2016 and multi-stakeholder consultations in 2017, culminating at the PBSO Technical Review Meeting in Amman, Jordan (7-8 November, 2018). To ensure synergies across various rule of law interventions and contribute to the political, security and human rights aspects of OSESGY-led peace processes, the Project was placed as a component within a broader UNDP Rule of Law Project, which has four inter-penetrating Outputs:
These broader programmatic and political goals justified PBSO’s approval to fund the Project. The decision also aimed at promoting the Humanitarian-Development-Peace Nexus (HDPN) by supporting a long term-oriented project amid acute humanitarian crisis with a link to peace processes. In terms of the temporal nexus between H-D, the Project’s immediate and primary focus is the human rights protection of vulnerable populations in detention, esp. women and juveniles. A more systemic and sustainable reconstruction and reform of rule of law institutions remains as a longer-term and secondary focus, given the constraints of active conflict and the fragmentation of national authorities. Accordingly, the Project is designed as a local-level, area-based pilot to protect vulnerable individuals and maintain institutional resilience. To secure the vertical nexus between D-P, UNDP and OSESGY co-own the broader Rule of Law Project to align development interventions to political processes, both of which aim to build peace. Local capacity building is expected to contribute to national confidence building.
The Project, therefore, should be evaluated not only against its immediate protection focus, but also against its longer-term peacebuilding goals. The foreground of the Project as a local-level pilot should be seen from the background of a phased approach to “early peacebuilding.” The Project protects vulnerable individuals in detention in order to contribute to long-term peacebuilding results. Individual-level protection of women, juveniles and other vulnerable groups is an essential factor to maintain horizontal social cohesion at the community level, which is the inner circle in any national peace process. Micro protection is expected to promote macro peace by reducing conflict factors, such as discrimination, exclusion and violence against the vulnerable. Therefore, the evaluation is required to assess the Project’s aggregate impact for peacebuilding.
As a peacebuilding initiative, the Project equally complies with Human Rights Due Diligence Policy (HRDDP). Reported human rights violations in prisons in the North raised concerns during the project planning process. The Project does not provide “support” to security forces running detention facilities, as defined by relevant guidelines.PBSO organized a 2-day workshop on HRDDP in Amman ahead of project approval.
The Project is further justified by its expected contributions to country- and global-level strategic goals as below:
To contribute to peacebuilding goals amid a conflict context, the Project has three components, with a priority on the protection of women and children. Below Outputs summarize the three components.
First, to improve the humanitarian conditions of places of detention, the Project entails activities to address basic infrastructure needs, such as water and sanitation, and to provide urgent material supplies, e.g. food, blankets and medicines, and to sensitize prison/detention officers to human rights standards. The Project responds to the immediate health and hygienic needs of women in detention and their accompanying minors. Second, the Project strengthens the individual resilience of detainees through psychosocial support, literacy class, vocational training and access to reintegration services. The Project facilitates the meaningful reintegration of women and juveniles into their communities at the conclusion of their incarceration. Third, the Project promotes alternatives to incarceration for children and women, including research on customary laws. Diversion is promoted as the first rather than last resort to enable rehabilitation and reintegration of children within their families and communities.
The COVID-19 epidemic has impacted the implementation of the project on the ground. All activities at the place of detention since March 2020 have been suspended. The activities resumed in September 2020. In addition, the local authorities restricted movements and public gatherings and suspended commercial flights. Also, UN has reduced the number of in-country staff and UN flights.
The Project with a budget of 5.68 million USD was implemented from 1 January 2018 to 1 February 2021 in the following phases:
To ensure most effective and efficient achievement of results, the Project introduced a set of criteria to select the sites of intervention. Consideration was given to places of detention comprehensively, rather than focusing exclusively on central prisons with convicted prisoners. In some locations, central prisons may not be accessible to international actors. In other locations, facilities such as police lockups (e.g. CID prisons) may reveal greater needs, such as the high volume of women and juveniles detained, the risks of prolonged arbitrary detention without access to legal assistance and a functional justice system. Following the selection criteria as below, the Project Board decided to target six detention facilities (Sana’a, Aden, Ibb, Dhamar, Hodeidah, Mukalla).
To make use of comparative advantages of respective organizations, PBSO selected three UN APFs: UNDP (convening agency), UNICEF (child protection) and UN Women (women protection). Partnership with national counterparts includes Ministry of Interior (MOI), Ministry of Justice (MOJ), Ministry of Human Rights (MOHR) and Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour (MOSAL). International and national CSO partners include Penal Reform International (PRI) and National Prisoners’ Foundation (Sajeen).
Purpose of the Evaluation :
This final evaluation to provide UNDP, UNICEF, UN WOMEN, PBSO, key national stakeholders, civil society partners, governors at the targeted governorates with an impartial assessment of the results generated to date, including on gender equality and women’s empowerment. The evaluation will assess the Project’s relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability/catalytic; identify and document evidence-based findings; and provide stakeholders with recommendations to inform the design and implementation of other related ongoing and future projects.
Specific project evaluation objectives are to:
The Project Evaluation will cover the period 1 January 2018 to 1 February 2021 covering all the project locations – in southern and northern governorates. The evaluation will cover programme conceptualisation, design, implementation, monitoring, reporting and evaluation of results and will engage all project stakeholders. The evaluation will assess the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency of the project; explore the key factors that have contributed to the achieving or not achieving of the intended results; and determine the extent to which the project is contributing to improving public service delivery; addressing crosscutting issues of gender equality and women’s empowerment and human rights; and forging partnership at different levels, including with government, donors, UN agencies, and communities.
Referencing and adopting from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) evaluation criteria, the project review seeks to answer the following questions, focuses around the evaluation criteria of relevance, coherence, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability.
In addition to the above standard OECD/DAC criteria, the following additional Peacebuilding Fund evaluation criteria (e.g. catalytic, time sensitivity, risk tolerance and innovation), human rights cross cutting, and gender equality and empowerment will also be assessed.
Risk tolerance and innovation
Gender equality and empowerment
If it is not possible to travel to or within the country for the evaluation then the evaluation team should develop a methodology that takes this into account the conduct of evaluation virtually and remotely, including the use of remote interview methods and extended desk reviews, data analysis, survey and evaluation questionnaires. This should be detailed in the Inception Report and agreed with the Evaluation Reference Group and the Evaluation Manager.
The evaluation will be carried out in accordance with UNDP evaluation guidelines and policies, United Nations Group Evaluation Norms and Ethical Standards; OECD/DAC evaluation principles and guidelines and DAC Evaluation Quality Standards, with specific reference to the OECD DAC guidance on evaluation of peacebuilding initiatives.
It is expected that the evaluation will employ a combination of both qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods. The evaluation team should propose their own methodology, which may include:
The final methodological approach including interview schedule, field visits and data to be used in the evaluation should be clearly outlined in the inception report and be fully discussed and agreed among UNDP-UN Women-UNICEF, PBSO stakeholders and the evaluators.
The Consultants are required to read the guidelines and ensure a strict adherence, including establishing protocols to safeguard confidentiality of information obtained during the evaluation. The Consultants, upon signing the contract will also sign this guideline which may be made available as an attachment to the evaluation report
Duties and Responsibilities
In line with UNDP’s financial regulations, when determined by the Country Office and/or the consultants that a deliverable or service cannot be satisfactory completed due to impact of COVID-19 and limitations to the evaluation, that deliverable or service will not be paid.
Due to the current COVID-19 situation and its implications, a partial payment may be considered if the consultants invested time towards the deliverable but was unable to complete to circumstances beyond his/her/their control.
The consultants /evaluation team will be expected to deliver the following:
The standard templates that need to be followed are provided in the Annexes section. It is expected that the evaluator will follow the UNDP evaluation guidelines and UNEG quality check list and ensure all the quality criteria are met in the evaluation report.
Responsibilities and Qualifications of National Consultant:
The National Consultant will be responsible for performing the following tasks under the guidance of the International Consultant:
The UNDP Yemen Country Office will select the consultants through an open process in consultation with the partners. UNDP will be responsible for the management of the consultant and will in this regard designate an evaluation manager and focal point. Project staff from UN WOMEN and UNICEF will assist in facilitating the process (e.g., providing relevant documentation, arranging visits/interviews with key informants, etc.).
The evaluation manager will convene an evaluation reference group comprising of technical experts from UNDP, UN WOMEN and UNICEF as well as PBSO and the implementing partners. This reference group will review the inception report and the draft review report to provide detailed comments related to the quality of methodology, evidence collected, analysis and reporting. The reference group will also advise on the conformity of processes to the UNDP and UNEG standards.
The consultants will take responsibility, with assistance from the project team, for setting up meetings subject to advance approval of the methodology submitted in the inception report. The consultants will report directly to the designated evaluation manager and focal point and work closely with the project team. The consultants will work full time and the National Consultant may be required to travel to the targeted areas for the purpose the evaluation. Office
space and limited administrative and logistical support will be provided as needed. The consultants will use their own laptops and cell phones.
Support during the implementation of remote/ virtual meetings will be provided by the evaluation manager and focal point. An updated stakeholder list with contact details (phone and email) will be provided to the consultants. UNDP with support of UN WOMEN and UNICEF will develop a management response to the evaluation within 2 weeks of report finalization.
Key Deliverables and Payment including Timeframe for Evaluation Process
The project evaluation will be carried out over a period of 57 working days broken down as follows:
Assessment and Weighting Criteria of the Proposals
Required mentioned documents to be included when submitting the Proposal: Interested individual consultants must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications and interest: (i) Letter of Confirmation of Interest and Availability using the template provided by UNDP; (ii) Most updated personal detailed CV including past experience in similar assignment and at least 3 references; (iii) A detailed Methodology on how the candidate will approach and conduct the work;
The received proposals will be weighed according to the technical assessment criteria (70% weightage) and financial assessment criteria (30% weightage). The proposals will be assessed using Cumulative Analysis Method. Technical proposals should obtain a minimum of 70 points to qualify and to be considered. Financial proposals will be opened only for those application that secured 70 points or above. Below are the criteria and points for assessing technical proposals:
a) Technical proposals (total score: 70 points)
b) Financial Proposal (total score: 30 points)
The financial proposal will specify a total lump sum amount and payment terms shall be aligned with those in the deliverable table (qualitative and quantitative) deliverables. Payments are based upon output, i.e. upon delivery of the services specified milestones in the ToR.
Financial Proposal, providing a breakdown of this lump sum amount (including travel, per diems) is to be provided by the offeror using the Offerors Letter template provided by UNDP.
Financial proposal will be assessed based on the completeness, clarity and appropriateness. The maximum number of points shall be allotted to the lowest Financial Proposal that is opened /evaluated and compared among those technical qualified candidates who obtained a minimum 70 points in the technical evaluation. Other Financial Proposals will receive points in inverse proportion to the lowest price applying the formula:
Marks Obtained = Lowest Priced Offer (Amount) / Offer being considered (Amount) X 30 (Full Marks);
Required Skills and Experience
Education and Experience