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Advisor on psycho-social issues and approaches for attending to survivors of GBV (Qualified National Consultant)
|Location :||Dili, Timor Leste|
|Application Deadline :||26-Feb-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Time left :||2d 10h 29m|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||10 months with the possibility of extension|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
Timor-Leste is a Small Island Developing State, independent since 2002, making it one of the world's youngest democracies. In only 19 years, it has taken significant steps to rebuild the nation and redefine its future, following centuries of colonization and a violent occupation that lasted 24 years, killing approximately a third of its population and displaced almost half a million people in 1999. Timor-Leste's current population of 1.3 million people is one of the youngest in the Pacific, with 75%under 35 years old. It is the 15th youngest nation in the world.
Despite the notable efforts in state-building and economic growth (especially between 2007-2016), Timor-Leste is one of the least developed nations in the region, with 41.8% of the population living below the poverty line. Despite having a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.625 in 2017, when weighed against the inequality factor, the HDI drops to 0.452. This inequality is predominant in rural areas - where 70% of the population is disproportionately affected by poverty, malnutrition, unemployment, and lack of access to quality education and basic infrastructure.
Inequality particularly affects women, who face discrimination within their homes and society, and across sectors of health, education, employment, and access to justice. Women’s labor force participation is 24.9 percent, less than half that of men at 52.5 percent.
Women and girls with disabilities, young mothers, women in vulnerable employment, domestic workers, and rural areas have even greater challenges to access their rights as enshrined under the law. Although there is insufficient data to calculate the Gender Inequality Index (GII) for Timor-Leste, the 2017 female HDI value for Timor-Leste is 0.567 in contrast with 0.663 for males. In addition, the Spotlight Country Selection Proxy composite indicator and weighting (used in lieu of the GII for the region) rates Timor-Leste as 9.75, the third-highest after Papua New Guinea and Palau.
This gender inequality fuels the high levels of violence against women and girls (VAWG), which remains one of the most widespread human rights abuses in Timor-Leste. A dedicated prevalence survey in 2015 found that 59% of Timorese women (15-49 years) reported having experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime. The 2016 Timor-Leste Demographic and Health Survey Domestic Violence Module showed the diversity of prevalence across municipalities, reinforcing the need for targeted interventions fully owned by the affected community.
Timor-Leste recognizes women’s rights as human rights and violence against women and girls as a serious and pervasive human rights violation and an extreme form of discrimination. Telling evidence is the country’s existing strong VAWG national framework, having ratified most of the core international human rights treaties/conventions and development frameworks, with clear articles in its Constitution dedicated to gender equality (Article 16, 17, 18, and 26). The Strategic Development Plan (SDP) 2011-2030 also addresses gender equality and women’s empowerment. In 2016, Timor-Leste ratified ILO Core Conventions No. 111 and No. 100 on gender equality. It contributed to adopting a new International Labour Standard concerning eliminating violence and harassment in the world of work (Convention No. 190) in June 2019.
To address the challenges of VAWG, the European Union (EU) and the United Nations have embarked on a new multi-year programme- the EU-UN Spotlight Initiative. The Spotlight Initiative aims to support transformative change on the ground to end violence against women and girls and harmful practices in numerous countries globally. The Initiative comes with the highest level of commitment globally and is governed by the UN Deputy Secretary-General and the EU Commission's vice president.
The Spotlight Initiative in Timor-Leste is being implemented through five UN agencies (UN Women, UNFPA, UNDP, UNICEF, and ILO) to address intimate partner violence and domestic violence. In addition to the five agencies above, the Programme collaborates with the International Organization for Migration, the Human Rights Advisor’s Unit, and the World Health Organization.
The Spotlight Initiative's overall vision in Timor-Leste is that women and girls enjoy their right to a life free of violence within an inclusive and gender-equitable Timor-Leste.
The programme, aligned to the Timor-Leste "National Action Plan on Gender-based Violence (2017-2021)," contributes to the elimination of domestic violence/ intimate partner violence (DV/IPV) by responding to the needs of women and girls and addressing the underlying causes of violence against women and girls using a multi-sectoral and intersectional approach to implement intervention on the following six outcomes areas:
Pillar 1: Legislation and Policies
Pillar 2: Institutional strengthening
Pillar 3: Prevention of violence
Pillar 4: Available, accessible, and acceptable, quality services
Pillar 5: Quality and reliable data
Pillar 6: Supporting women’s movements and relevant civil society organizations
The Programme is grounded on the core principle of leaving no one behind and reaching the furthest behind first. The interventions have been designed to target women and girls most marginalized (rural, poor, with disabilities), at higher risk of intimate partner violence, and groups that face multiple or intersecting forms of discrimination.
To ensure the effective and meaningful impact of the Spotlight Initiative in Timor-Leste, the Programme focuses on a comprehensive set of actions at the national level, alongside community-based interventions in 3 municipalities (of the country’s 13 municipalities). Based on a preliminary analysis of needs, gaps, and opportunities, from a thematic and geographic lens and consultations with various stakeholders, the Programme focuses its community-level efforts in Ermera, Viqueque, and Bobonaro municipalities.
Timor-Leste has drafted a Country Joint Programme Document, which was developed in full consultation with and participation by the Government of Timor-Leste, the European Union, CSOs, independent institutions, and other stakeholders. It is anticipated that the document will be approved in December 2019, with its implementation to begin in January 2020.
To better understand the factors that contribute to gender justice, violence against women and girls, and access to justice for survivors, and to build the evidence base, UNDP, on behalf of the Timor-Leste Spotlight Team, is seeking to hire a qualified consultant to provide psychological support to the Legal and Judicial Training Center, the Court of Appeal (COA), District/Mobile Courts, as well as Access to Justice Clinics (AJC), in understanding the complexities of violence against women and girls.
Duties and Responsibilities
The Consultant will undertake the following tasks:
1. Assessment of judicial actors’ knowledge on the psychological complexities of VAWG
2. Development of tools for sensitive psychological decisions for VAWG cases
3. Psychological advising for judicial actors and relevant CSOs
Functional / Technical Knowledge:
Required Skills and Experience
Interested applicants are mandatory to apply online through https://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_job.cfm?job_id=96926. Supporting documents/filled templates to be submitted along with the applications are following, and those templates can be download from https://procurement-notices.undp.org/view_notice.cfm?notice_id=75318.
Any request for clarification must be sent in writing to email@example.com