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Conduct Impact Assessment of Association for Women’s Sanctuary and Development (AWSAD’s) overall program intervention: “Ending Violence Against Women and Girls” in Oromia region
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Location :||Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA|
|Application Deadline :||09-Apr-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Duration of Initial Contract :||60 days over a period of four months|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (UN Women) mandate provides for support to catalytic and innovative programs which promote gender equality, women’s empowerment, and human rights in Ethiopia. One of UN Women’s result area in Ethiopia is that “Women and girls live a life free from violence”, with one of the key outputs being “Availability and accessibility of quality essential services for women and girls survivors increased” to ensure strengthened response, including services to women and girls’ survivors of violence using multi-sectoral and human rights approaches, and ultimately contributing to a strengthened national response mechanism.?
Violence against Women and Girls (VAWG) is one of the most systematic, widespread human rights violations faced globally. It may occur against any woman or girl, regardless of her country of origin, age or socioeconomic status. VAWG is increasingly recognized as a threat to democracy, a barrier to lasting peace, a burden on national economies and impediment to sustainable development1. The root causes of VAWG are gender inequality and related social norms that perpetuate unequal power relations between men and women. According to the 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS), nearly one-quarter (23 percent) of women has experienced physical violence and one in ten women (10 percent) has experienced sexual violence. Over one-third (34 percent) of ever-married women have experienced spousal violence, including physical or sexual or emotional violence.?
Ethiopia ratified many of the international instruments that promote and protect the rights of women, including Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). The country put in place legal and policy provisions such as the Revised Family law and the Criminal Code which enshrined in the 1995 Constitution. In this connection, there are institutional level reforms such as the establishment of Women, Children and Youth Affairs Offices, the Child and Women related crime prosecution units within the Federal Attorney General (FAG) and regional Attorney Generals, the special investigation and prosecution units within the various police stations, a Special Bench for VAWG cases within the Federal Criminal Court and Child-friendly courts. However, despite these legislative and institutional provisions, support for the rehabilitation and reintegration of survivors of violence is still limited which puts survivors continue to suffer from the physical and mental impacts of violence.?
To respond to this, UN Women Ethiopia Country Office (ECO) under the outcome area, “Women and girls who experience violence can use available, accessible and quality essential services so the impact of violence is addressed, and perpetrators are held accountable,” has been working with the Association for Women’s Sanctuary and Development (AWSAD) since 2011. UN Women and AWSAD project entitled Enhancing Psychosocial Support and Economic Empowerment of survivors of Violence Against Women in Oromia region enabled the establishment and operationalization of two shelters in Adama, Oromia region, where the first one was established in January 2011 and the second in September 2015, respectively. Adama town was selected because of the high prevalence of violence in the town and the region. The nationwide survey on Domestic Violence conducted by the Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association confirmed that Adama and its surrounding has the highest percentage of domestic violence in Ethiopia. The same study showed that wife beating is about 90 percent. The town was also one of the highest HIV infection rates in Ethiopia as it is situated on the highway to Djibouti and there is a high amount of immigrant workers.
The project with AWSAD was designed to address the gaps in services for women and girls’ survivors of VAWG through the provision of holistic service which includes temporary shelter, meal, counseling, medical treatment, basic literacy education, legal follow up and various skills trainings. The shelters enable survivors to physically and mentally rehabilitated from the consequences of violence, become economically independent, and successfully reintegrated into the society. In addition to the provision of shelter services, the project also intervenes at the community level to address the root causes of VAWG, e.g. unequal power relations between men and women as well as negative social norms entrenched in the society. To this end, AWSAD implements the SASA! (Sensitize, Awareness, Support and Action) Community Approach to mobilize the community in the intervention kebeles. Moreover, in selected primary schools, capacity building trainings are provided for students (boys and girls) on life skills, Gender, and reproductive health. With the aim of enhancing the capacity of service providers such as Police, Public Prosecutors, Judges and Bureau of Women, Children and Youth Affairs, AWSAD provides trainings on essential service provisions to survivors, case management, referral linkage and stress and burn out management.
Globally, violence against women and girls has increased dramatically during the COVID-19 pandemic as COVID-19 deepens economic and social stress for families, coupled with restricted movement and social isolation measures. Many women are being forced to lockdown at home with their abusers. The pandemic affected and interrupted essential services including medical care, psychosocial support or counseling, and access to shelters.? Even outside the context of a pandemic, there are often significant barriers for survivors to access such services and COVID-19 has exacerbated these barriers. ?
OBJECTIVE AND JUSTIFICATION
According to the UN Women Country Portfolio Evaluation (CPE) , UN Women ECO’s partnership with AWSAD was effective in creating safe spaces for survivors of violence through social and economic integration and provision of essential supports and services. The country evaluation also identified that the service model developed by AWSAD in Oromia region with ECO support, built comprehensive support to survivors, mobilized the community members, religious and traditional leaders to change social norms, as well as built the capacity of key woreda level officials such as police and Oromia Bureau of Women, Children and Youth Affairs. To this end, AWSAD’s intervention model has been replicated by other shelters in the country.?
Given the project has been running since 2011,? the general objective of this assessment is? to understand the overall impact of the project in the past nine years on the lives of the survivors, ex-residents of the shelters; how the prevention work brought the intended change at the community level as well as how sustainable the interventions are in ensuring smooth project phase out.?
The specific objectives are:
 UN Women Ethiopia country office country portfolio evaluation report, 2016
?Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey, Central Statistical Agency, 2016
 AWSAD is a local non-governmental, non-profit organization that provides holistic rehabilitation and reintegration services for women and girl survivors of violence. The organization provides services such as women’s only shelter, counselling, legal follow up and other services to support clients recuperate from their trauma and prepare to be reintegrated into society.
 National Survey on Domestic Violence, Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association, 2008
 Policy Brief: COVID-19 and Ending Violence Against Women and Girls in Ethiopia, 2020
Duties and Responsibilities
SCOPE OF THE WORK
The Impact assessment will be carried out in Oromia region. This impact assessment will seek to:
An international consultant with the support of the national consultant will lead the development of the impact assessment methodology and implementation of the assessment in close collaboration with the UN Women country office.
The overall methodology will focus on a desk review/literature review (of available polices, programmes, procedures/regulations, manuals, reports, and other documents), a mix of qualitative and quantitative approach to gather primary data using survey questionnaires, semi-structured interview, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), observation and Participatory Learning and Action. Moreover, the consultants need to use photographic records, video and work on selected case studies and good practices.??
The international consultant will work closely with the national consultant to undertake the following tasks:
Expected Deliverables and Time Frame (tentative)
I. DURATION OF THE ASSIGNMENT
The overall time frame to finalize the assessment will be sixty days over a period of four months.
II. CONTRACT SUPERVISION
Under the overall guidance of the Deputy Representative of UN Women Ethiopia, the consultants will work closely with the EVAWG Programme Specialist.
All raw data files, consent forms and relevant documentation must be returned to UN Women Ethiopia before release of final payment.
CONFIDENTIALITY AND PROPRIETARY INTERESTS
The Consultant shall not either during the term or after termination of the assignment, disclose any proprietary or confidential information related to the consultancy service without prior written consent. Proprietary interests on all materials and documents prepared by the consultants under the assignment shall become and remain properties of UNDP / UN Women.
The consultant must have the following competencies
Required Skills and Experience
TEAM COMPOSITION AND QUALIFICATIONS OF THE TEAM OF CONSULTANTS?
A. Team Composition
The assessment will be conducted by a qualified international and a national consultant who have experience in conducting impact assessment and evaluations with good knowledge of the subject under assessment. This ToR is developed for the international consultant who will be leading the impact assessment.??
.B. International Consultant’s Academic Qualifications and Years of experience
The consultant must have master’s degree in Social Science, Gender Studies, Social work, International relations, Law, Sociology, or a related field)
C. Language and other skills:
The following documents should be submitted as part of the application: