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Regional Conflict prevention Analysis (Arab States)
|Application Deadline :||10-Apr-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Climate & Disaster Resilience|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||40 working days over a period of Four (4) Calendar Months|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
The Arab region continues to witness major conflicts driven by multiple root causes related to governance crisis and political legitimacy, economic challenges, social drivers, climate security and, recently, the impact of COVID-19 pandemic. While only approximately 5% of the world’s population live in the Arab region, the region has suffered disproportionally from the world’s conflicts in recent decades: one in five conflicts globally has occurred in the region since the establishment of the UN. Conflicts and violence in the region continue to be the most challenging factor that is hampering progress on human and economic development, including in the form of education, health, quality of life, freedoms, rule of law and access to justice, gender equality, and climate security.
Conflict in the Arab region is a major obstacle to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 2030 agenda, particularly SDG 16 on Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. Citizens of many Arab countries are suffering from the lack of good governance caused by deeply rooted institutional corruption, a failure to secure the most basic services, lack of fair and balanced distribution of resources and lack of transparency. Additionally, while some progress in the region has been made in reducing extreme poverty, a number of countries are still struggling to address rising unemployment especially responding to economic needs of the youth. The social root causes of conflict and violence in the region, including increased sectarianism, human rights abuses, authoritarian rule, discrimination against minorities and women and high number of displacement of communities continue to persist and contribute to the erosion of social cohesion. Moreover, while policy makers in the region are increasingly conscious of the role of climate change, water scarcity and ecosystem disruption as root causes of growing inequalities, displacement and conflict in the region, the Arab region is still the world’s most water insecure and food import dependent region.
The spread of COVID-19 has only further exacerbated the challenges of conflict prevention in the region. The region’s economy is expected to contract by 5.7 percent, with the economies of some conflict countries projected to shrink by as much as 13 percent, amounting to an overall loss of US$152 billion. The twin shock of the pandemic and low oil prices has prompted the International Monetary Fund to lower its Middle East and North Africa economic forecast to its lowest level in 50 years. This crisis is having a disproportionate socioeconomic impact on youth, women, migrants and displaced, population with disabilities, minorities, and those working in the informal sector who have no access to social protection and unemployment insurance.
Additionally, vulnerability of women to gender-based violence is increasing due to the pandemic with increased levels of intimate partner violence being reported as well as evidence of increased levels of female genital mutilation in some countries of the region. With the largest gender gap in human development in the world, women in the Arab region are significantly suffering from the consequences of the pandemic. Gender equality, legislation and participation by women in the labor market lag markedly behind compared to other parts of the world.
Addressing the impact of COVID-19 must include peacebuilding and prevention lens, while paying close attention to the impact of crisis on fragile transitional countries and countries that already face security, humanitarian, and development deterioration. Countries in the region need to strengthen their capacity to effectively manage local risks and shocks through sustained, inclusive, and targeted prevention efforts. This requires deeper and broader government, civil society and stakeholder engagement in planning and implementing national strategies for prevention. Successful prevention work relies on a bottom-up community engagement in development and peacebuilding and on the inclusion and empowerment of a wide range of groups (including marginalized groups, youth and women) and actors through people-centric approaches.
The fact that many of the factors that led to conflicts in the recent past have persisted are evidence that the root causes of those conflicts were not sufficiently addressed, and the region remains particularly exposed to geopolitical dynamics and competition for resources. UNDP, and its partners, will need to carefully assess current risks in the Arab region to help advancing a forward-looking conflict prevention and peacebuilding agenda.
 FAO, Arab Horizon 2030: Prospects for Enhancing Food Security in the Arab Region, http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/rne/docs/arab-horizon-2030-prospects-enhancing-food-security-summary-english.pdf
 International Monetary Fund, Regional Economic Outlook Update, available at https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/REO/MECA/Issues/2020/07/13/regional-economic-outlook-update-menap-cca#report
 Based on ESCWA estimate. Covid-19, Economic Cost in the Arab Region, ESCWA, https://www.unescwa.org/sites/www.unescwa.org/files/escwa-covid-19-economic-cost-arab-region-en.pdf
 UN Policy Brief: The Impact of COVID-19 on them Arab Region: An Opportunity to Build Back Better, https://www.un.org/sites/un2.un.org/files/sg_policy_brief_covid-19_and_arab_states_english_version_july_2020.pdf
Duties and Responsibilities
The overall objective of the assignment is to conduct a comprehensive regional conflict prevention analysis to inform sustainable and inclusive prevention in the Arab countries and to identify entry points for a regional project on conflict prevention and peacebuilding. The analysis should aim at:
The conflict prevention analysis will specifically attempt to (i) unpack the drivers of recent conflicts in the region that are shared across the various countries, including drivers stemming from governance, climate change, economic and social issues, through a gender-sensitive analysis; (ii) explore factors of resilience across communities, prevention actors and their capacities at the local level to identify stakeholders for future engagement on prevention and peacebuilding; (iii) conduct an overview of existing programming on conflict prevention and peacebuilding to inform critical gaps and needs in the regions; (iv) examine prevention approaches, good practices, innovations and challenges in fragile and conflict-affected countries, with particular attention to the role of youth and women as agents of change and peacebuilding; and (v) propose recommendations for thematic areas on prevention to be integrated under a regional project, including gender and youth specific recommendations.
Duties and Responsibilities:
EXPECTED OUTPUTS AND DELIVERABLES
Knowledge Management and Learning
Required Skills and Experience
Master’s Degree in social sciences with a focus on peace and conflict studies, international relations, political science, development studies or any other related field is required;
Language proficiency in both written and oral English is required. Knowledge of any other UN language is an asset;
DURATION OF THE WORK
The expected duration of the assignment is expected to be 40 working days for over period of Four (4) calendar months from contract signature date.
Home Based Assignment
TRAVEL PLAN (OPTIONAL)
If any unforeseen travel outside the consultant home-based city is requested by UNDP and not required by the Terms of References (ToR), such travel shall be covered by UNDP in line with applicable rules and regulations and upon prior written agreement. In such cases, the consultant shall receive living allowances not exceeding the United Nations (UN) Daily Subsistence Allowance (DSA) rate for such other location(s).
RECOMMENDED PRESENTATION OF OFFER
Interested individual consultants must submit documents under point 1,2 &3 to demonstrate their qualifications. Candidates that fail to submit these documents, the application will not be considered.
When the financial proposal is requested it should indicates the all-inclusive Deliverables/Outputs based total contract price, supported by a breakdown of costs, as per template provided. The terms “all-inclusive” implies that all costs (professional fees, travel costs, living allowances, communications, consumables, etc.) that could possibly be incurred are already factored into the final amounts submitted in the proposal. If an Offeror is employed by an organization/company/institution, and he/she expects his/her employer to charge a management fee in the process of releasing him/her to UNDP under Reimbursable Loan Agreement (RLA), the Offeror must indicate at this point, and ensure that all such costs are duly incorporated in the financial proposal submitted to UNDP.
Interested candidates shall submit required documents to Job Advertisement Website (https://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_jobs.cfm) as one document not later than 02 April 2021.
Interested candidates can find Procurement Notice, Letter of Confirmation of Interest and Availability and P11 templates on the following link: http://procurement-notices.undp.org/
SCOPE OF PRICE PROPOSAL AND SCHEDULE OF PAYMENTS
Interested candidates should provide lump sum fees for requested services with detailed breakdown. This amount must be “all-inclusive”. Please note that the terms “all-inclusive” implies that all costs (professional fees, communications, consumables, …etc.) that could possibly be incurred are already factored into the final amounts submitted in the proposal. Also, please note that the contract price will be Deliverables/Outputs based - not fixed - subject to change in the cost components.
The contractor will be paid an all-inclusive Deliverables/Outputs based lump sum amounts over the assignment period, subject to the submission of Certification of Payment (CoP) duly certified or an invoice and confirmation of satisfactory performance of achieved work (deliverables/outputs) in line with the schedule of payments table hereunder:
CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF THE BEST OFFERS
This selection criteria will follow the Combined Scoring method – where the qualifications and methodology will be weighted a max. of 70%, and combined with the price offer which will be weighted a max of 30%; using the following evaluation criteria
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodologies:
Step I: Screening and desk review:
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodology.
Applications will be first screened and only candidates meeting the following minimum requirements will progress to the pool for shortlisting:
Step II: interview:
Shortlisted candidates will undergo a technical evaluation which will include desk review and interview for shortlisted candidates as per above criteria,
Interviews will be conducted by the technical evaluation committee remotely.
Step III: Technical Review
Technical evaluation Criteria max 100 points (Weighted 70):
Shortlisted candidates will be assessed and scored against the following evaluation criteria:
Financial Criteria - 30% of total evaluation
For those offers considered in the financial evaluation, the lowest price offer will receive 30 points. The other offers will receive points in relation to the lowest offer, based on the following formula: (PI / Pn) * 30 where Pn is the financial offer being evaluated and Pl is the lowest financial offer received.
Step III: Final evaluation
The final evaluation will combine the scores of the desk review and the financial proposal with the following weights assigned to each:
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the cumulative analysis methodology (weighted scoring method), where the award of the contract will be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as: