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National Consultant-A perception study on women and community’s attitude towards accessing rehabilitation and reintegration services in Afar and Somali regions
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Location :||Addis Ababa-with extended travels to Afar and Somali regions, ETHIOPIA|
|Application Deadline :||22-Apr-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Gender Equality|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||52 days over a period of four months|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||52 days over a period of four months|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (UN Women) mandate provides for support to catalytic and innovative programs which promote gender equality, women’s empowerment, and human rights in Ethiopia. One of UN Women’s result area in Ethiopia is that “Women and girls live a life free from violence”, with one of the key outputs being “Availability and accessibility of quality essential services for women and girls’ survivors increased” to ensure strengthened response, including services to women and girls’ survivors of violence using multi-sectoral and human rights approaches, and ultimately contributing to a strengthened national response mechanism. Violence against Women and Girls (VAWG) is one of the most systematic, widespread human rights violations faced globally. It may occur against any woman or girl, regardless of her country of origin, age, or socio-economic status. VAWG is increasingly recognized as a threat to democracy, a barrier to lasting peace, a burden on national economies and an impediment to sustainable development. The root causes of VAWG are gender inequality and related social norms that perpetuate unequal power relations between men and women.
Ethiopia has ratified most of the international and regional instruments and committed itself to ensure the observance of the minimum standards to safeguard and protect women.2 The Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia also explicitly provides for the special protection and promotion of the rights of women and the obligation of the state to ensure equality in political, economic, and social participation of women. Moreover, Ethiopia has adopted various laws, policies and plans including the Federal Family Law, Criminal Law, Criminal Justice Policy, the Strategic Plan for an Integrated and Multi-sectoral Response to Violence against Women and Children and National Costed Roadmap for ending child marriage and FGM/C in compliance with its international human rights obligations. Though all regional states have adopted their own family laws in compliance with the Federal Constitution and international human rights instruments, Afar and Somali regions have been the exception.
According to the EDHS 2016, nearly one-quarter (23 percent) of women have experienced physical violence and one in ten women (10 percent) has experienced sexual violence. Over one-third (34 percent) of ever- married women have experienced spousal violence, including physical or sexual or emotional violence. The prevalence of spousal violence (physical, sexual, and emotional) is low in Afar and Somali, 9 and 20 percent
respectively. Among women aged 15-49, there is also low prevalence of emotional (6.9 percent) and physical (6.9 percent) violence in Somali, while in Afar emotional violence stands at 14 percent and physical violence at 11.6 percent. Marital control in Afar is 48.8 percent, while in Somali 28.2 percent. However, caution should be applied as many regions have inadequate sample size for the comparison3. Localized studies in the two regions such as the Assessment on the general socioeconomic status of women and girls in Afar and Somali regions identified that there is a much higher percentage of sexual violence in the two regions.4 Similarly, the
2016 EDHS found that only 23% of women who experienced physical and/or sexual violence sought help. Of these women, only 8% have sought help from the police. The general trend in the regions is that most women do not report incidents of VAWG to the police. Among women who ever experienced intimate partner violence, only 29.4% reported that they tried to seek help. More specifically, 20.1% sought help from their own family, and very few battered women sought help from formal sources, such as the police (5.2%) and doctor/medical personnel (2.6%).5
Successful response to VAWG requires an integrated and multi-sectorial approach to rehabilitation and reintegration, including physical, sexual, and psychological support. This entails provision of health and psychosocial services, shelter/, legal, social, and economic empowerment schemes, etc., and requires action by all sectors to avail legal, health and social services. Women shelters play a crucial role in providing physical and psychosocial services and resources which enable women and girls who have experienced violence to recover from the traumatic experiences and obtain knowledge and skills to regain a self- determined and independent life. Shelters provide basic support such as safe accommodation, food, clothing, sanitary items, different therapeutic activities, skills training, legal and medical aid supports. Shelters also assist survivors to reintegrate to their families and communities after being rehabilitated, gain necessary skills to support themselves. There is a high demand for shelters across all parts of the country, and especially higher demand in Afar, and Somali where women and girl survivors of violence had no access to rehabilitation and reintegration services by either governmental or non- governmental organizations.
Despite the importance of establishing and strengthening rehabilitation services for women and girls subject to violence, UN Women finds it critical to conduct a perception study on women and community’s attitude towards rehabilitation and reintegration services for survivors of VAWG in Afar and Somali. The study is intended to explore the attitudes of the community and survivors of violence towards accessing services including social, justice and health and, also explore the help seeking behaviors of survivors, the kinds of services available, and barriers in accessing these services. UN Women is thus seeking to hire a national consultant to undertake the intended perception study in Afar and Somali regions.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The overall purpose of this perception study is to explore attitudes and perceptions of the communities in Afar and Somali regions towards help-seeking behaviors, particularly in accessing available justice, social, health, rehabilitation, and reintegration services for survivors of VAWG.
The specific objectives are:
Duties and Responsibilities
The main expected activities to be undertaken by the national consultants include:
The consultant must have the following competencies:
Required Skills and Experience
TEAM COMPOSITION AND QUALIFICATIONS OF THE TEAM OF CONSULTANTS
The perception study will be conducted by a qualified national consultant with a team of experts. The lead consultant will select the other qualified consultants with relevant education and experience. The consultants are expected to work in collaboration with the universities in the respective regions for selection and recruitment of data collectors for the field work.
UNWOMEN is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence