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International Consultancy Service to develop a mapping and documentation methodology on human rights violations to support transitional justice processes in South Sudan.
|Location :||Remote, with travel to South Sudan (including Juba; Jonglei and Unity States), SOUTH SUDAN|
|Application Deadline :||04-Aug-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Duration of Initial Contract :||64 working days|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||64 working days|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) are engaged in a 24-months project led by UNICEF and implemented in Aweil, Bentiu, Bor, Pibor and Juba (South Sudan). The project seeks to benefit target communities, especially children and youth, through improved security, strengthened dialogue and trust building mechanisms and through accountable justice structures – at national, state and local levels. In order to achieve the project’s objective (Breaking the cycle of violence: rehabilitating justice and accountability mechanisms for the transformation of survivors and perpetrators of violent conflict into change agents for peace), and to strengthen accountability measures of the justice sector, a coordinated and cohesive approach towards mapping and documenting human rights violations is critical.
South Sudan has suffered nearly four decades of armed violence which had devastating consequences for the country and its people. Since 2013, civilians have borne the brunt of a new armed conflict. They were subjected to widespread human rights violations and abuses including, killing, injury, abduction, sexual violence as well as destruction of properties. Vast amount of these human rights violations may constitute crimes under the law of South Sudan and the most serious violations and abuses amount to international crimes, including war crimes and crimes against humanity.
On 17 and 26 August 2015, the leadership of the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) party and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) signed the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) after months of conflict, which resulted in the death of tens of thousands and the displacement of over two million people, including 1.6 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 607,608 refugees. In July 2016, fighting aging erupted in South Sudan’s capital, Juba, increasing the figures to 1.9 million people internally displaced by violence and more than 2 million refugees, 1.3 million of whom fled the renewed violence. After 2016, the political conflict continued with different resulting in the displacement of 2.3 million South Sudanese refugees and asylum-seekers in neighboring countries, and at least 1.6 million were internally displaced as of December 2020. Since 2017, at least 360,000 refugees have, however, returned to South Sudan and more than 1.3 million IDPs have spontaneously gone back to the areas of origin or alternative locations.
While the overall number of violations and abuses attributed to conventional parties to the conflict has decreased since the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) in September 2018, entrenched armed violence affecting civilians at subnational level has significantly increased throughout 2020.
The Chapter V of the 2018 R-ARCSS “on transitional justice, accountability, reconciliation and healing provides” outlines a roadmap for sustainable peace by addressing the crimes and atrocities committed during the course of South Sudan’s conflict, through the establishment of three complementary institutions: the Hybrid Court for South Sudan (HCSS); the Commission on Truth, Reconciliation, and Healing (CTRH); and the Compensation and Reparations Authority (CRA). Although the implementation of Chapter V has been delayed since the signing of the R-ARCSS, on 29 January 2021, the Minister of Information and Broadcasting announced that the Cabinet of Ministers had reportedly instructed the Ministry of Justice to “start the process of establishing” transitional justice institutions and mechanisms provided for under Chapter V of the R-ARCSS.
The TJ roadmap outlined in the R-ARCSS refers to the full range of processes and mechanisms associated with a society’s attempt to come to terms with a legacy of large-scale past abuses, in order to ensure accountability, serve justice, and achieve reconciliation. It is grounded on the fundamental rights of the victims of human rights violations, namely the right to an effective remedy, the right to know what occurred during conflict or repressive periods (the right to truth), the right to reparation and the right to protection from the recurrence of future violations. However, the specific mechanisms envisaged in Chapter V of the R-ARCSS are not fully inclusive as other mechanisms, such as national justice system and customary/traditional/restorative justice processes, can also significantly contribute to close the impunity and accountability gaps for serious human rights violations and international crimes in South Sudan;
In this context, coordinated and cohesive documentation of violations of human rights and humanitarian laws is essential to break the cycle of violence and to ensure the success of any transitional justice process. Documentation of violations of human rights in South Sudan has been and continues to be undertaken by several entities, including the United Nations (UNMISS, OHCHR, the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, the UN Panel of Experts on South Sudan, the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) for Children Affected by Armed Conflict (CAAC) and the Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Arrangements (MARA) for Conflict-Related Sexual Violence (CRSV)), the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCSS), the South Sudan Human Rights Commission, the Human Rights Documentation Initiatives for South Sudan and international and national non-governmental organizations. Despite the significant achievements of the CHRSS and HRDI documentation initiative, who developed their own investigation methodologies and established digital documentation archives, so far there has not been an overall coordinated and cohesive approach to the documentation of human rights violations adopted by all above-mentioned actors. This is essential to a chronological recording and comprehensive analysis of violations of human rights and violations of international human rights and humanitarian laws, contributing to strengthening accountability measure of the justice sector.
Thus, OHCHR is looking for a home-based consultant, available to travel to Juba, Unity and Jonglei as required, and familiar with the context of South Sudan to support in filling identified gaps in the documentation and mapping of human rights violations in South Sudan. Specifically, the consultant will be expected to design a coordinated and cohesive methodology which will support future transitional justice mechanisms, including the Hybrid Court for South Sudan.
Duties and Responsibilities
Purpose of the consultancy
Scope of works
Planning & Organizing:
Required Skills and Experience
Offers received will be evaluated using a Combined Scoring method, where the qualifications and Required Skills and Experience will be weighted 70%, and combined with the price offer, which will be weighted 30%.
Technical evaluation criteria
Financial evaluation (total 30 points)
All technically qualified candidates will be scored up to 30 points based on the formula provided below.
p = y (x/z)
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality, and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.