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National Consultant on FINAL EVALUATION OF UN WOMEN PROJECT- ‘“Promoting Women and Girls´ Effective Participation in Peace, Security and Recovery in Mozambique
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Location :||Maputo, MOZAMBIQUE|
|Application Deadline :||10-Nov-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Gender Equality|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||National Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English Portuguese|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||40 working days|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||40 working days|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
A. UN Women´s Mandate for the Project
The work of the UN Women on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) is governed by a series of commitments on the rights of women. These include United Nations Security Council (UNSC) landmark Resolution 1325 (2000) and nine successive resolutions - as well as the Beijing Platform for Action (BPFA) and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) including the CEDAW General Recommendation No. 30 on conflict prevention, conflict, and post-conflict situations.
UN Women supports women’s full and equal representation and participation in all levels of peace processes and security efforts. Enhancing women’s engagement for sustainable peace requires an integrated approach that simultaneously addresses conflict prevention, resolution, and recovery, while strengthening national accountability and ensuring women’s protection from all forms of human rights violations, including sexual and gender-based violence. In order to achieve transformative change, UN Women works in the following areas: (1) increasing women’s meaningful participation in formal, and informal peace negotiations; (2) promoting women’s participation in peacebuilding and recovery planning, women’s economic empowerment within recovery efforts, and the establishment of gender responsive post-conflict institutions; (3) increasing women’s participation and safety in peacekeeping; (3) ending impunity conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence; (4) promoting a gender-sensitive approach to preventing and countering violent extremism; and (5) creating an enabling environment for the implementation of national commitments to women, peace and security (including the implementation of National Action Plans on WPS). In addition, UN Women promotes research initiatives, data collection, learning exchanges, and documentation of good practices on women, peace, and security to inform policy and programming.
The actions of UN Women in Mozambique are aligned with two strategic objectives: 1) Consolidate national unity, peace and sovereignty and 2) Develop human and social capital in accordance with the government´s Five Year Plan and the National Plan for the Advancement of Women. The project being implemented contributes to the implementation of the National Action Plan for the Advancement of Women and the National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security (2018-2022) (NAP), which was created with the support of UN Women. The project is part of the larger UN Women Programme on Women, Peace and Security and is being implemented within the framework of the Mozambique UNDAF 2017-2021 (United Nation Development Assistance Framework) and it is also expected to contribute towards the achievement of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want.
B. Context in Mozambique
Following the 1992 Peace Accords between the government of Mozambique and the former rebel movement RENAMO, Mozambique enjoyed nearly 20 years of relative peace and stability. This allowed for significant democratic advances in the country, including gender equality and women's empowerment.
Since the ratification of the CEDAW in 1997 and the adoption of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action as well as the gender equality as a constitutional principle, Mozambique has made significant progress at political, legal and institutional level. The main milestones include the adoption of a Gender National Policy and its Implementation Strategy, the National Plan for the Advancement of Women, a Law on Domestic Violence Against Women (29/2009), the National Council for Women's Advancement, represented at both provincial and district level, the adoption and implementation of an integrated multi-sectoral approach to assist victims of violence against women, National Action Plan on Women Peace and Security, and the approval of the Law to Prevent and Combat Premature Unions (19/2019).
Women's participation in politics has increased over time. Mozambique has had six general elections (1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014 and 2019) and five municipal elections (1998, 2003, 2008, 2013, 2018, and the mid-term elections of Nampula in 2017). Presidential, legislative, and assembly elections for provincial councils took place in October 2019. As a result of the general election in 2019 elections, women make 41.2 per cent of MPs (103 out of 250) and at local level as a result of the 2018 elections there are 6 presidents’ women out of 53 presidents of municipal councils (11.3%), and 8 are represented as Presidents of the Municipal Assemblies (15,1%). The Speaker of Parliament has been a woman in the last 3 elections (2009, 2014, 2019). At national level, women’s participation over all sectors of government reached 32.4% in 2016.  However, progress has not been enough to challenge deeply rooted sociocultural norms such as discrimination against women, lack of education especially in rural areas, limited participation in public spaces.
The political situation remains fragile with demobilization and reintegration of former rebel armed forces following cease fire between the Government and the National Mozambican Resistance (RENAMO) reached in March 2018 and part of the recently definitive peace agreement and comprehensive Peace and Reconciliation Agreement by the Government and RENAMO in August 2019. However, since 2017, the province of Cabo Delgado (in north of Mozambique-one of the provinces with a growing extractive industry) has suffered attacks perpetrated by armed group said to be linked to extremist religious groups, resulting in social instability. Although there is at times the appearance of stability, there is high probability that these attacks and violent extremism will persist, given the fact that the purpose and provenience of these group is still rather unexplained, and they remain active in the northern region of Mozambique.
Given that the country currently faces an immensely sensitive political, economic, and humanitarian situation, this scenario is likely to further undermine the prospects of achievement of gender equality by 2030. While political-military tensions as well as the increasing violent extremism in the northern region threaten the already precarious peace and security of women and girls in Mozambique. In addition, other factors, such as macroeconomic instability, health crises (including COVID-19, HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, etc), natural disasters and the emergence of conflicts, further threatens the peace and security of women. Women continue to suffer physical and psychological harm from both armed and other conflicts, economic exclusion, environmental degradation, and masculinised politics and militarism, which have only compounded gendered insecurity. These harms are generally not accompanied by a reparation process that includes the provision of opportunities for social, phycological and economic recovery after the conflict.
 UN Res. 1820, 1888, 1889, 1960, 2106, 2122, 2242, 2467 and 2493
 Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action, 2016
Duties and Responsibilities
The project rationale stems from the need to promote the active and full participation of women and girls in peace, security and recovery processes in Mozambique at all levels.
To respond to challenges faced in the promotion of gender equality in peace and security processes at all levels in Mozambique, since 2016 the Government of Mozambique, through the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action and with the support of UN Women, began the formulation of the National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security for the national implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and the related resolutions. In May 2018, the Government of Mozambique approved the National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security (2018-2022) (NAP) which seeks to promote women´s and girls´ human rights in armed conflict and post-conflict contexts.
To support the operationalization of the NAP, UN Women in partnership with MGCAS and support of the Governments of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway, is implementing a project denominated: “Promoting Women and Girl’s effective participation in peace, security and recovery in Mozambique.” The project focuses on:
With a duration of four years, it started in December 2017 and will end in December 2021, the project is currently being implemented in 17 districts located in 7 provinces of the country (please refer to the graphic below for specifications) with a total budget of approximately 4.5 million dollars funded by the Governments of Norway and Iceland. It is important to note that the project duration has been extended (non-cost extension agreement) by one year from December 2020 to December 2021. Its direct beneficiaries are women and local government authorities. And at national level, building the capacity of government institutions to implement the UNSCR 1325.
The project is guided by the following theory of change: 1) if a facilitating environment is created for the implementation of WPS commitments, 2) if women participate in decision-making processes on prevention, management, and conflict resolution in an effective way, and 3) if the protection, physical and mental health and economic security of women and girls is guaranteed, their human rights respected and their specific needs in the process of peacebuilding and recovery fulfilled. Then, societies will be more peaceful and fairer, because evidence shows that women are the driving forces of peace and security, and inclusive societies are more likely to be stable. Furthermore, post-conflict scenarios are opportunities to link to the root causes of gender inequality barriers.
The expected results of the project are the following:
The project counts with the following Key stakeholders: Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action; the Governments of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway (donors), Ministry of Interior, Ministry of National Defence, Civil Society organizations, especially women-led organizations/associations, the provincial governments and the governments of the target districts. And the project Advisory Group aiming at providing technical advice to the project implementation, including oversight of overall project
The project management structure is composed of:
III. Purpose (and use of the evaluation)
The final, end-of-programme evaluation will serve to evaluate the design, implementation, management, and outcomes of the WPS project to identify lessons, good practices that can improve future such initiatives managed by the UN Women Country Office, including accountability, learning and decision-making purposes. Moreover, the evaluation is expected to provide forward-looking and actionable recommendations, based on previous work conducted and the current positioning of UN Women in this area.
The intended end users of this evaluation are UN Women project management, UN Women country office and regional senior management; the donors of the project, other donors interested in UN Women’s portfolio, UN Women’s main partners (including the national government and the provincial governments); other stakeholders engaged stakeholders engaged in promotion of WPS agenda, in and out of Mozambique.
Aligned with United Nations Evaluation Group (UNEG) Norms and Standards, this evaluation will have an explicit focus on utility. The evaluation will be shared with key stakeholders, donors, and partners. In line with UN Women Evaluation Policy a management response will be prepared for this evaluation as practical means to enhance the use of evaluation findings and follow-up to the evaluation recommendations. The management response will identify who is responsible, what are the action points and the deadlines. It will be posted on the online UNW ‘Global Accountability and Tracking of Evaluation Use (GATE) System’ at http://gate.unwomen.org/.
IV. Objectives (evaluation criteria and key questions)
Considering the mandates to incorporate human rights and gender equality in all UN work and the UN Women Evaluation Policy, which promotes the integration of women’s rights and gender equality principles, these dimensions will have a special attention in this evaluation. A specific evaluation objective on human rights and gender equality is included as well as considered under each evaluation criterion.
The overall objectives of this evaluation are to:
Key Evaluation Questions
The evaluation will address the following OECD-DAC evaluation criteria, namely: Relevance, Coherence, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Impact and Sustainability. A specific criterion on Human rights and gender equality will also be assessed. The evaluation will not consider impact (as defined by UNEG) as it is considered too premature to assess this. The evaluation will also, to the extent possible, analyse Value for Money (VFM) and good use of resources by establishing a link between the use of funding and the performance and results of the country office. The evaluation will seek to answer the following key evaluation questions and sub-questions:
Human Rights approach and Gender Equality principles
V. Scope of the evaluation
The scope of the evaluation is national (concentrated at central level as well as in the 17 target districts in the 7 project provinces) and will include all dimensions of the project. The evaluation will cover the entire project implementation from 2018 to 2021. In effort to identify and assess WPS linkages with other thematic areas, the evaluation scope includes also other UN Women impact areas such as the elimination of violence against women and girls, women´s socioeconomic empowerment, and global norms and institutional support. The evaluation will also review the findings and recommendations made by the mid-term evaluation of the project.
VI. Evaluation design (process and methods)
The evaluation will be carried following UN Evaluation Group (UNEG) Norms and Standards (see http://www.unwomen.org/about-us/accountability/evaluation/ ), UN Women Evaluation Policy as well as the Ethical Guidelines for evaluations in the UN system, see Annex to this TOR. Once finalized the evaluation report will be quality-assessed based on the UN Women Global Evaluation Reports Assessment and Analysis System (GERAAS). GERAAS standards and GERAAS rating matrix are available in the annexes.
The formative and summative evaluation will be based on the explicit theory of change already formulated by stakeholders at the beginning of the programme. It will test its validity against the evidence collected so far regarding key programme results. It is also important to mention that both qualitative and quantitative methods are expected to be utilised. The evaluation process is expected to be transparent and involve various stakeholders and partners.
The evaluation type will be non-experimental, and follow these phases, being phase 1 and 4 under UN Women direct responsibility:
The evaluation methodology will be developed by the Evaluation Consultants and presented to the Evaluation Reference Group and approval of the evaluation management team. The methodology should use a combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods that are appropriate to address the main evaluation questions and account for complexity of gender relations and to ensure participatory and inclusive processes that are culturally appropriate. These methods should be responsive to human rights and gender equality principles and facilitate the engagement of key stakeholders. Measures will be taken to ensure the quality, reliability, and validity of data. Limitations with respect to the sample (representativeness) should be stated clearly.
Primary data collection could be undertaken through observations, site visit, individual key informant interviews and focal group discussions with representatives of relevant government institutions (duty bearers), development partners, beneficiaries (right holders) and key community players seeking to address gender equality and human rights issues. Data collection and analysis methods such as appreciative inquiry, most significant change, case study, survey could also be implemented. The evaluator will develop a sampling frame (area and population represented, rationale for selection, mechanics of selection, and limitations of the sample) and specify how it will address the diversity of stakeholders in the intervention. However, given the current COVID-19 context and the increase in insecurity and violence context, there may be some restrictions in the collection of primary data in the field as well as observation which can cause some methodological limitations. To mitigate this risk, remote data collection may be adopted.
The evaluator should take measures to ensure data quality, reliability and validity of data collection tools and methods and their responsiveness to gender equality and human rights; for example, the limitations of the sample (representativeness) should be stated clearly, and the data should be triangulated (cross-checked against other sources) to help ensure robust results. All the data collected should be gender-responsive (including disaggregated by sex and age). The evaluator should also consider other recent evaluations conducted in the CO, such as the WPS MTE and the Country Portfolio Evaluation covering the period of 2017-2021.
VII. Stakeholder participation
The Evaluators will collaborate with the CO evaluation manager to convene and coordinate meetings with the Evaluation Reference Group (ERG). Ideally, the ERG will include the members of the Advisory Group: The Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action; the Governments of Iceland and Norway; sister UN agencies, local governments, and civil society organizations (specially women-led organizations/associations/groups). They will be playing liaison, technical advisory, and quality assurance roles, including the validation and dissemination of results. In this sense, rural women and their associations are key rights holders — their views, challenges and progress need to be highly reflected in the process and results of this evaluation.
VIII. Expected deliverables and Time Frame
* The Evaluation Report Outline must include the following
IX. Management of evaluation
The Evaluation will be commissioned by UN Women Mozambique Country Office. The Consultant will report to the Country Representative. S/he will benefit from technical support of the UN Women Programme Specialist, UN Women Programme Officer (Women, Peace and Security), and UN Women M&E Officer (who will be the main liaison person), and from the Regional Evaluation Specialist based in the UN Women Regional Office in Kenya. The evaluation team will also benefit of support from the Evaluation management group and reference group established by the CO with specific ToRs highlighting their responsibilities and role during the evaluation.
Roles and responsibilities of different groups engaged in the evaluation
X. Evaluation team composition, skills and experiences
UN Women is expecting to recruit two individual consultants for the final evaluation (one national and one international) with extensive experience in the field of gender equality and women´s empowerment The international consultant will be paired with the national consultant in several steps of the evaluation and will be the team leader.
 Since 2019 OECD introduced Coherence as a stand-alone criterion.
Competencies and Success Critical Factors
Corporate Competences and Ethics
Managing knowledge and learning
Strong communication skills, oral and written in Portuguese and English.
XI. Ethical code of conduct
To ensure the credibility and integrity of the evaluation process and following United Nations Evaluation Group (UNEG) Ethical Guidelines, the Consultants will be required to commit to the Code of Conduct for Evaluation (see http://www.unevaluation.org/papersandpubs/ ), specifically to the following obligations:
Required Skills and Experience
Bachelor’s degree in gender studies, development studies, economics, social science, peace and security studies, rural development, or other related fields
Competences and professional experience
Knowledge of local languages in Mozambique is a strong asset.