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Transitioning to a Circular Economy in Africa (TRACE): Eliminating POPs and Mercury from Healthcare Value Chains in Eswatini
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Location :||Home-based, SWAZILAND|
|Application Deadline :||10-Aug-22 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Additional Category :||Climate & Disaster Resilience|
|Type of Contract :||Individual Contract|
|Post Level :||International Consultant|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||Twenty working day spread-over four months|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||Twenty working days spread-over four months|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
The healthcare sector is one of the world's most important and fastest-growing industries. As it grows in size and complexity, the healthcare sector is increasingly dependent on single-use disposable products, including many containing or generating chemicals of concern. POPs and mercury are present throughout the healthcare value chain, including buildings, processes and products procured. Many products designed as single-use can be reprocessed for reuse and/or can be substituted for products and materials designed for reuse. Meanwhile, capacity for safe and sustainable waste management, including recycling and disposal of legacy chemicals, remains well below basic standards as defined by WHO and UNICEF in most countries for which data are available.
Approximately 80% of the waste generated in a Health Care Facilities (HCF) is general waste while the remaining 20% is hazardous or infectious waste that contains harmful microorganisms which can infect hospital patients, HCFs staff and the general public, as well as sharp objects and hazardous substances that can result in injuries, poisoning and pollution.1 Health care waste management in Eswatini has improved due to interventions from previous projects such as the health care waste management plan for Eswatini developed for the Health, HIV/AIDS and TB Project. Improvements include the formulation of the National Health Care Waste Policy, introduction of the Health Care Waste Management Guidelines and improvements in the institutional and budgetary arrangements to better manage health care waste in the country. Health care waste management in Eswatini falls under the auspices of the Ministry of Health (MoH), Environmental Health Department (EHD) and the Eswatini Environment Authority. Through the assistance of the MoH (EHD and Infection Prevention and Control (IPC)/ Quality Management Programme, HCFs in Eswatini introduced Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) Committees who are trained and supported to manage health care waste from generation to treatment.
However, challenges in HCWM in Eswatini remain. The overarching challenge being the low prioritization of HCWM at the national and HCF level. HCWM has not been afforded the deserving attention in Eswatini. From this challenge emanates a number of sub-challenges including ill-discipline in the application and management of waste minimization, containment, labelling, storage, collection and disposal or treatment initiatives. Initiatives to minimize waste from source have been applied disproportionately and the quality and content of products procured and their impacts during their lifecycle have been overlooked and cost has been the priority measure of evaluation. While HCFs have been trained on waste segregation, there are still incidences of mixing leading to downstream challenges in management. Temporary storage is still a challenge in some HCFs especially in Clinics.
Collection and disposal or treatment in the urban areas is much more efficient than in rural areas due to available systems and resources within local authorities. Eswatini has two acceptable Landfills equipped to treat non-infectious or non-hazardous health care waste. The rest of the facilities are controlled or uncontrolled dumpsites that pose all kinds of environmental and health threat to the environment. Infectious waste is incinerated either in Health Centres or Hospitals. Infectious waste from Clinics is temporarily stored and transferred to either health centres or hospitals for disposal. Efforts towards circular economy in the health care sector in Eswatini have been minimal and limited to waste reduction during procurement. The efforts have been disproportionate and only applied during the procurement of supplies, but the initiatives lack uniformity, commitment and support at political and management level. These challenges have been exacerbated by the prolonged COVID-19 Pandemic. Due to the sharp increase in the demand of HCWM services and health care waste volumes, the health care waste management system has been strained. Waste reduction practices, containment, temporary storage, collection and treatment has been overwhelmed.
To address this challenge, Eswatini developed a child project to promote a circular economy approach to the healthcare sector in Eswatini which focused on harnessing green procurement principles, empowering healthcare facilities (HCFs) to identify and substitute products which contribute to the continued creation and use of POPs and mercury, identifying inactive equipment, determine the reasons for underutilization and build capacity for repair and develop the necessary support systems to ensure that it can be sustained over the longer term. The Eswatini project was designed as a child project to the regional TRACE programme which aimed to promote environmentally sound management of persistent organic pollutants and mercury in Africa, including reduced emissions, safe disposal, and strengthened compliance with convention obligations, through strengthened enabling frameworks, circular economy (CE) approaches, integrated financial instruments, and enhancing good governance. The project is also aligned to other programmes such as the OECD Programme on the Circular Economy in Cities and Regions which aims to assist cities and regions transition to a circular economy and recognizes that a circular economy can provide a policy response to cope with the global waste challenges, as a driver for economic growth, jobs and environmental quality.
Purpose of the Assignment:
The purpose of the assignment is to review the Transitioning to a Circular Economy in Africa (TRACE): Eliminating POPs and Mercury from Healthcare Value Chains in Eswatini child project and develop a PIF for a standalone project for Eswatini to be submitted to the GEF Council in December 2022.
Duties and Responsibilities
Under the direct supervision of the Environment Analyst and the overall supervision of the Resident Representative, the consultant will be responsible to support the development of all requested documents, needed to submit a funding application to the Global Environment Facility (GEF) under the GEF 8 programming cycle. The consultant will also follow the guidance of the UNDP Country Office and Regional Bureau in order to align all relevant project documents to UNDP and GEF requirements.
Specifically, the consultant will be responsible for the following duties:
The consultant will provide the following deliverables:
All documents have to be submitted to the Environment Analyst in Microsoft Word.
All documents have to be delivered in English.
With overall reporting to the UNDP Resident Representative, the Consultant will work on day-to-day basis with the Ministry of Health and the Eswatini Environment Authority and shall be supervised by the Environment Analyst at UNDP.
Cross Functional Competencies
Required Skills and Experience
How to Apply:
Interested and qualified candidates should submit;
Please note you can upload only one document to this application (scan all documents in one single PDF file to attach).
Incomplete applications will be excluded from further consideration.
Criteria for Selection of the Best Offer