The unique geographic attributes of the Maldives make its water resource situation both complex and diverse. With widely ranging populations numbers on the islands, even basic water and sanitation service must be tailored to local resources and population needs. Management of the limited water resources is complicated due to the small catchment areas for rainfall, limited rainwater and groundwater storage capacity, long dry seasons, and the susceptibility of groundwater aquifers to pollution and salinity intrusion.
The outer islands of the Maldives already experience drinking water shortages during the dry season. These shortages have had significant adverse human, environmental and social impacts on the outer island communities. The key problems pertaining to freshwater security relate to the increasingly variable rainfall patterns induced by climate change and sea-level rise induced salinity of groundwater. A sea level rise and decreasing rainfall amounts will considerably compound current water stress in the country. The Government faces constraints in responding to the challenge at hand without assistance, especially in the context of anticipated impacts of climate change.
As water security is closely bound to rainfall and extreme events in Maldives, the adaptation scenario will demand: (i) the rainfall collection capacity to increase at least threefold; (ii) groundwater controlled extraction and replenishment to keep water table levels high in order to buffer away saltwater intrusion; and (iii) increased water production capacity through desalinization (Reversed Osmosis – RO technology), as to secure sufficient back up resource during the extended dry periods for household supply and timely distribution.
In response to this challenge, the proposed project objective is to deliver safe and secure freshwater to 105,000 people in the 49 target islands of Maldives in the face of climate change risks. This will be achieved by delivering the following results:
- Scaling up integrated water supply system to provide safe water to vulnerable households (at least 32,000 people, including 15,000 women);
- Decentralized and cost-effective dry season water supply system introduced benefiting 73,000 people across 7 Northern Atolls;
- Groundwater quality improved to secure freshwater reserves for long term resilience on 49 islands;
The project will provide sufficient water to supply the potable water needs of island residents year-round for a 35-year design period to 2050. Project finance will be used to establish an integrated water resources management system that integrates the three main sources of water (rainwater, groundwater and desalinated water) into a least cost delivery system and which is able to maintain service levels against a context of rainfall variability and sea level rise and includes measures for groundwater quality recovery to secure freshwater reserves in the long term.
Ultimately, the project will achieve an uninterrupted water supply on the islands that currently experience a 90 day chronic water shortage during dry season and depend on transported water from Male’, which is an extensive, overlong and costly operation. As a result of the project, 49 priority islands will have increased rainwater collection capacities, out of which, 4 bigger islands will additionally have water production systems of water desalination (Reverse Osmosis – RO water production plants), that will secure sufficient water production capacity enabling a decentralized and timely water distribution across all northern outer atolls during the extended dry periods, when shortages may occur.
Water stress alert information based on forecasted meteorological information will feed into the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for system management, thereby protecting lives and livelihoods from environmental risks associated with climate change. This will also feed into strengthening the Meteorological - MMS services on reaching out to the communities actionable early warning information, and preparing the water utilities, island councils and the communities to receive and act on such information. The system will achieve cost effectiveness in service provision through effective management of water resources and the use of renewable energy and locally appropriate technologies. Alongside the system design will be a capacity development workstream designed to obtain the support and ownership from communities, which is necessary for financial sustainability of the system, as well as the capacity development of the State Utilities (such as FENAKA and STELCO) to manage service delivery, and of the decentralized authorities and central government to provide an enabling environment for sustainability and scale up.
Objective of the assignment
The main purpose of this assignment is to provide technical guidance to the management of the project towards achieving the project objective and related results. The CTA shall carry out the work in accordance with the terms of reference outlined in this document and shall report to the Project Manager. In order to assist the government of Maldives achieve the stated project objective above, the CTA is expected to carry out the tasks as described below.
- This solicitation is for a Long-Term Agreement (LTA) for one year and renewable up to three years linked to satisfactory performance of the individual consultant. "LTA" refers to a mutual arrangement whereby the Consultant will provide services as required, over a specific period of time.
- An LTA is a mutual arrangement between UNDP and the individual to provide the required services at prescribed prices or provisions over a period of 12-36 months, with potential extension of one year. UNDP reserves the right to rescind the agreement during that period should performance of the consultant not meet its requirements. Performance evaluation of the consultant would be conducted jointly by the Ministry of Environment and Energy and UNDP.
- Under an LTA, UNDP does not warrant that any quantity of services shall be purchased during the term of this Agreement. Where a request for services arises, UNDP shall directly contract the consultant based on its need to carry out those activities. A specific Terms of Reference (TOR) outlining the outputs for each assignment shall be provided and an Individual Contract would be issued to the consultant, detailing the time frame.
The Consultant is expected to:
- Provide technical expertise and strategic guidance to all project components, assuming quality control of interventions, and support the Project Manager in the coordination of the implementation of planned activities under the GCF project as stipulated in the project document;
- Provide a suite of technical advisory, planning & management and coordination services to the project where key work areas will include as outlined below:
- Technical and Management Services;
- Project Advisory and Guidance;
- Project Monitoring and Implementation Support;
Safeguards and Environmental and Social Management Plan:
- The CTA shall support and provide guidance to the implementation of the existing Environmental and Social Management Plan - ESMP of the project and observe a full compliance during the entire project duration by the core project team, group of national and international consultants assigned to the project and all sub-contractors;
- The CTA shall support the Project Manager with the implementation and monitoring of all risk mitigation measures and take necessary actions to mitigate the risks;
Water Sector Baseline Study:
- The CTA shall support and provide technical input into the development of a baseline study that involves a diagnosis of the water and sewerage sector including public health aspects of Water and Sewerage, and an assessment of the legal, technical, financial, operational and management situation with particular focus on the target outer islands in Maldives and establish the legal, technical, institutional and financial barriers to adaptive water management and effective ways to address these;
- As part of the baseline assessment, all existing water sector studies including public health aspects of Water and Sewerage and identify critical gaps in information and knowledge shall be compiled, the existence of any standards or requirements for policy direction and practices in relation to efficient and effective provision for water and sewerage services shall be assessed and guidance would be provided by the CTA, as relevant within the scope of the project
- The CTA shall support, guide and provide technical input into a comprehensive overview of a good international practice of sustainable water production and resource management systems of relevance for Small Island States faced with geographical challenges of isolation and dispersed nature of islands especially coralline archipelagic islands and small populations;
- The CTA shall provide support and technical input to the analysis of the status of existing sewerage and solid waste management in relation to groundwater sources and related public health aspects, and recommend the policy direction and practices (e.g. land use, construction, quality monitoring, public health, pollution prevention, controlled recharge and extraction) in relation to safe groundwater sources.
Investment Plan and Implementation:
- The CTA shall provide support and technical input to the design of phased investment work plans, related detailed procurement plans, tender documents and TORs that include feasibility study, design, implementation/construction, stakeholder involvement, quality control and risk management for the specific tasks outlined below:
- Rainwater Harvesting methods and technologies, with attention to management arrangements and SOPs both for the community and household water collection tanks, including social and environmental safeguards as well as public health safety aspects. This shall also include detailed sustainable O&M plan with clear roles and responsibilities, spare parts, services and associated costs for at least next 10 years;
- Groundwater Management, with particular attention to natural replenishment, controlled recharge and extraction and systematic sample tests and quality monitoring protocols; and with emphasis on social and environmental safeguards as well as public health safety aspects. This shall also include detailed O&M plan with clear roles and responsibilities, spare parts, services and associated costs for at least next 10 years;
- Water Desalination, with particular attention to adoptable RO technology that is energy efficient and sourced by on and/or off grid renewable energy and integrates other sources of water (e.g. rainwater, groundwater) into its unified system of production and distribution. And with emphasis on social and environmental safeguards as well as public health safety aspects. This shall also include detailed O&M plan with clear roles and responsibilities, spare parts, services and associated costs for at least next 10 years;
- Regional Distribution/Dry Season Water distribution, with particular focus on cost effective decentralized operations, creation of atoll or regional centres of water production and distribution, associated management system, infrastructure, legal and logistical mechanisms;
- Identifying, supporting and providing technical input into the required support to the Maldives Meteorological Services to establish Early Warning for Water Emergency Alerts, with focus on provision of real time data through the MMS database system, data analysis and early alerts to the communities, councils, water utilities and other parties for early action and water stress risk reduction. This shall also include establishing SOPs and GIS, detailed O&M plan with clear roles and responsibilities, spare parts, services and associated costs for at least next 10 years.
Climate Change, Economic and Financial Studies:
- CTA shall provide support and technical input towards the design of detailed work plans, related procurement plans, tender documents and TORs for the specific tasks outlined below:
- In-depth studies of current and projected water demand in the target outer islands, considering a range of climate change scenarios including health aspects of climate change in relation to rainfall amounts and distribution. This study should also analyse the dry-periods and establish a linkage with the water shortages within the country. Assist to design a methodological model for water resource planning and development for the use at Island level with an aim to contribute to island level self-sufficiency and resilience. This shall include a customized water resources planning and management software. Self-sufficiency and resilience strategies must consider the central role of the communities and include development of island level water safety plans including Public Health aspects, atoll-based backup water supply plans, and island level water resource planning and management with the engagement of local councils and affiliated community groups with specific focus on women’s groups and water utilities;
- A study to recommend a pricing policy for water supply services. This shall be done in conjunction with and in justification of the assessment of projected demand. In particular, the CTA shall consider how these policies affect the poorer sections of the community including vulnerable groups, currently not receiving service and recommend measures to enhance the quality and quantity of service to them. The recommendations shall include procedures and methodologies for willingness to pay surveys;
- A gender study and outline gender strategy for the project targeting the needs of female beneficiaries in accessing safe and reliable water to meet their household needs;
- Review the current tariff level and tariff structure and recommend a basic tariff structure; recommend an implementation schedule for cost recovery strategy; recommend a subsidy mechanism; level and financing mechanism. This shall include the detailed guidelines for setting the tariffs including progressive and differentiated tariff setting to be approved by the MEE and adopted by the water utilities;
- A long term financial model for the water supply system. In particular, this shall include a revenue projection from the proposed investment and the issues of financial sustainability for the way forward.
Capacity Development and Training:
- The CTA shall provide support and technical input into developing detailed work plans, related procurement plans, tender documents and TORs for the specific tasks outlined below:
- A detailed assessment of water legislation that establishes the key roles and mandates of the water sector as well as coordination mechanisms. This shall identify the institutional gaps and functional overlaps that preclude effective and efficient governance of the water sector. Provide the recommendations for clear delineation of roles and responsibilities, avoidance of conflict of interest between the policy setting and oversight functions, building an accountability framework into the water sector institutions and effective sector financing mechanisms;
- Provide technical support and capacity building to relevant stakeholder from MMS and NDMC on analysis and forecasting of dry-periods and provision of information to the public or other respective stakeholders.
- The CTA shall support and provide technical input to the development, design and delivery of targeted training programmes in water planning and management tools and methods; integrated water resource management methods; water budgeting methods; institutional quality management systems; water quality; Public Health; contract management for the utilities and relevant Ministerial departments;
- The CTA shall review existing, or develop new where appropriate, guidelines, checklists, standards and procedures for bidding process, evaluations, designing, water supply systems and works implementation, monitoring, supervision, inspection evaluation, commissioning testing and handover. Provide hands on training to relevant staff
- The CTA shall review existing technical specifications of water supply systems, identify critical gaps and provide recommendations for improvements, provide hands on training to staff in reviewing of project technical and financial proposals, preliminary designs and detailed designs
- The CTA shall provide hands-on support to the Project Manager, other project staff and Ministry of Environment and Energy in the areas of project management and planning, management of site activities, regular impact assessments and monitoring of the project where required;
- The CTA shall provide support to the Project Manager and provide technical input to the preparation and revision of the Annual Work Plans, budgets and Procurement Plans;
- The CTA shall guide the project M&E Specialist to undertake monitoring the technical quality of project M&E systems including AWPs, indicators and targets; this includes developing a detailed M&E plans throughout the project implementation; guiding and assisting the project M&E Specialist to adjust the project Results Framework targets and indicators, if and as the baseline assessment findings would require;
- The CTA shall assist the Project Manager in managing evaluation processes, such as midterm and final evaluations as well as auditing and spot checks where required;
- The CTA shall assist the Project Manager in the preparation of the Combined Project Implementation Review/Annual Project Report, inception report, technical reports, monthly/quarterly/biannual reports, quarterly financial reports for submission to MEE, UNDP, Project Steering Committee and the GCF Secretariat.
- The CTA shall assist the Project manager throughout the project management cycle and provide hands on guidance and mentorship to a broader project management team to develop core management skills and capacities.
Outputs shall be further specified under each contract in line with the given tasks:
- Provision of guidance to the implementation of the ESMP.
- Provision of technical inputs into the development of a baseline study of the water and sewerage sector.
- Provision of technical inputs into a comprehensive overview of a good international practice of water production including Public Health aspects and resource management systems
- Provision of support to analysis and establishment of link with dry-periods and water shortages and provision of support for the necessary capacity building of the respective stakeholders.
- Provision of technical input to the analysis of the status of existing sewerage and solid waste management in relation to groundwater sources including Public Health aspects.
- Provision of recommendations on the policy direction and practices (e.g. land use, construction, quality monitoring, pollution prevention, controlled recharge and extraction) in relation to safe groundwater sources including Public Health and gender aspects.
- Provision of technical input to the design of phased investment work plans, related detailed procurement plans, tender documents and TORs that include feasibility study, design, implementation/construction, stakeholder involvement, quality control and risk management related to the investment plan and implementation.
- Provision of technical input towards the design of detailed work plans, related procurement plans, tender documents and TORs related to the Climate Change, Economic and financial studies including Public Health and gender aspects.
- Provision of technical input into developing detailed work plans, related procurement plans, tender documents and TORs related to capacity development and training
- Provision of hands-on support to the Project Manager, other project staff and Ministry of Environment and Energy in the areas of project management and planning, management of site activities, regular impact assessments and monitoring of the project;
- Provision of technical input to the preparation and revision of the Annual Work Plans, budgets and Procurement Plans;
- Provision of guidance to the project M&E Specialist to undertake monitoring the technical quality of project M&E systems including AWPs, indicators and targets;
The consultant will be working on a home-based arrangement, with travel to Male’ and project islands across the country as and when required. The schedule of travel shall be negotiated with the consultant according to the requirements of the programme.
Monitoring and Progress control
The CTA shall work under the direct supervision of the Project Manager as part of the Project Management Unit at the Ministry of Environment and Energy. The CTA shall also work with the Ministry of Environment and Energy and UNDP Country Office.
Payments will be made upon satisfactory achieved deliverables under each assignment and submission of time sheet in accordance with number of days worked. All payments are subject to the clearance and approval of the direct supervisor. Final payment shall require a signed performance evaluation of the consultant.
Daily Living Allowances will be provided for on-location working days. Ticket costs will be reimbursed or directly paid by UNDP as per the travel requirements negotiated with the consultant. In general, UNDP shall not accept travel costs exceeding those of an economy class ticket. Should the IC wish to travel on a higher class he/she should do so using their own resources. All travel expenses incurred by the consultant based on travel plan agreed for assignment, will be covered directly by UNDP in line with UNDP travel rules and regulations.
In the event of unforeseeable travel not anticipated in this TOR, payment of travel costs including tickets, lodging and terminal expenses should be agreed upon, between the respective business unit and the Individual Consultant, prior to travel and will be either reimbursed or covered directly by UNDP.
- At least a Masters degree or equivalent to Masters degree in engineering related to water resource management, Public Health, or Environment.
- At least 10 years of experience in providing consultancy services, including managing water sector projects, project management and supervision;
- 10 years of in depth knowledge and experience of technical leadership in the area of integrated water resource management;
- Good understanding of developments in national and international water management sector. S/He should have good knowledge in latest trends and approaches in adaptive and integrated water resource management.
- Fluency in English language.
Candidates are expected to have the following qualities
- Experience of the development of water sector projects, especially in coralline archipelagic small islands;
- In-depth knowledge and experience of national and/or international best practice in all aspects of water resource management, especially effective water production, distribution systems, Public Health, Gender and climate change, Geographic Information Systems, Early Warning System, knowledge of recent climate change science, analytical and data modelling skills, Operations and Maintenance plans, Environment and Social Safeguards, Monitoring and Evaluation, Water Resource Management Plan, Tariff Setting, Emergency Planning, including the engineering and financial aspects of the sector;
- Hands-on experience in managing water sector related projects and investments, with particular familiarity with functions, quality management and accounting systems at water utilities;
- Proven knowledge and experience of applying integrated water resource management principle.
Interested individuals must submit the following as proposals in order to demonstrate their qualifications. National candidates are also welcome to apply.
- A letter indicating why the candidate considers himself/herself suitable for the required consultancy; this can be done online;
- Submission of an updated detailed Personal CV or P11 form which can be downloaded from http://sas.undp.org/documents/p11_personal_history_form.doc
- Lump sum financial quotation, with a breakdown of daily consultancy fee, daily subsistence allowance (living allowances is applicable for international consultants only) and ticket fees as applicable – clearly indicate the breakdown of daily fee and number of days of work; please use the financial proposal form in Annex 1.
- At least two references from recent previous jobs or three references contact details
Note: Please note that UNDP jobsite system allows only one uploading of application document, so please make sure that you merge all your documents into one single file.
For more detailed terms of reference including form for financial proposal, please visit UNDP Maldives Website at below link: