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Consultant – Policy Review on social security and social protection for domestic workers in Thailand
|Advertised on behalf of :|
|Application Deadline :||30-May-21 (Midnight New York, USA)|
|Type of Contract :||Other|
|Post Level :||Other|
|Languages Required :||English|
|Starting Date :|
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start)
|Duration of Initial Contract :||4 months|
|Expected Duration of Assignment :||4 months|
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
****The time required for the consultancy is within the period from 14 June 2021 to 30 September 2021, home-based.****
UN Women grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; the empowerment of women; and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights, humanitarian action and peace and security. Placing women’s rights at the centre of all its efforts, UN Women leads and coordinates United Nations system efforts to ensure that commitments on gender equality and gender mainstreaming translate into action throughout the world. It provides strong and coherent leadership in support of Member States’ priorities and efforts, building effective partnerships with civil society and other relevant actors.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development calls for a new and transformative vision with a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). While Thailand has made progress in reducing poverty overall, persistent and newly emerging development challenges can still be seen. These include multi-dimensional inequality, health, education, access to justice, climate change and natural disasters, rising urbanization, demographic shifts and the emergence of extremist groups and ideologies. Understanding how these trends can impede or enable progress towards gender equality and sustainable development is vital for effective SDG implementation. Ensuring women’s equal rights, access and opportunities for participation and leadership in the economy, society and political decision-making are at the core of UN Women’s work in Thailand. While there has been much progress in advancing gender equality, such progress is unevenly experienced by women who are marginalized because of a complex interplay of factors.
In 2021, UN Women in Thailand will continue to strengthen and implement a comprehensive and dynamic set of global norms, policies and standards on gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at the policy and local levels. This will include the provision of strong policy advice and advocacy on normative UN issues which will allow UN Women to link its work with other outcome areas including gender equality in social protection.
UN Women in collaboration with ILO, UNICEF and IOM are implementing the United Nations Joint Program (UNJP) “Accelerating progress towards an integrated and modernized Social Protection System for All in Thailand” (2020-2022). The overall objective of the UNJP is to provide support to the RTG to increase the country social protection coverage towards universality, including for children and specific vulnerable groups including domestic workers and migrant workers, through sustainable social protection systems, including floors, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Thailand. One of the key activities under this collaboration is to design policy options to ensure more effective coverage of domestic workers, including migrants, within the existing social security schemes.
The Royal Thai Government (RTG) has a relatively comprehensive social protection system, however, there remain gaps in coverage for vulnerable groups, particularly migrant and domestic workers employed in the informal sector. As of April 2019, there were 37.34 million people in the labour force of which 236,600 were employed in households as domestic personnel. In addition, Thailand is the main destination country for migrants from Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar. As of July 2019, there were around 3 million migrant workers registered in Thailand. Of which 122,117 were employed in domestic work. Women are especially overrepresented in domestic work. The nature of this work means many domestic workers are employed without appropriate employment contracts and associated with limited access to social protection such as social security and employment-related benefits.
The Domestic Workers Convention (No. 189) defines domestic work as "work performed in or for a household or households". Domestic work includes tasks such as cleaning the house, cooking, washing and ironing clothes, taking care of children, or elderly or sick members of a family, gardening, guarding the house, driving for the family, even taking care of household pets. According to the Convention, the domestic worker is "any person engaged in domestic work within an employment relationship". This definition includes domestic workers engaged on a part-time basis and those working for multiple employers, nationals and non-nationals, as well as both live-in and live-out domestic workers. The employer may be a member of the household for which the work is performed or an agency or enterprise that employs domestic workers and makes them available to households.
Due to the atypical characteristics of domestic work, workers are considered a “difficult-to-cover” group by social security. These characteristics include the fact that work is performed in a private household which makes it difficult to control and inspect; workers frequently have more than one employer; there is a high job turnover rate; in-kind payment is common; receipt of wage income is highly irregular and labour relations are not usually established through an employment contract or formally recognized as employer/employee relation. These difficulties are also associated with other factors such as the lack of legal recognition of domestic work as an occupation, the existence of discriminatory social and legal practices, as well as other socio-cultural elements which engender a low social value for domestic work.
Although the Government has put in efforts to ensure the rights and protection for domestic workers, both Thais and non-Thais, its implementation of policies remain challenging and there are policy gaps that do not ensure protection for undocumented migrants and especially domestic workers who are most vulnerable, especially due to the excluded workplace of private households that hinder inspections by authorities and their inability to access social security and protection.
In this connection, UN Women as part of the UNJP is seeking a consultant to conduct the policy assessment with the objectives to review existing policy and legislation and to identify barriers for the effective social security coverage of domestic workers. The findings will be used to design innovative program solutions aiming at eliminating the barriers to improve access and coverage of social security for domestic workers. The policy assessment will be conducted in collaboration with the Social Security Office, line ministries and the organizations that represent the voice of the contributors/beneficiaries through technical assessments; seminars to discuss the needs, challenges and options and the design of technical solutions to overcome these challenges.
Duties and Responsibilities
Under the direct supervision of Programme Analyst (Thailand) of UN Women Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, the consultant will carry out the policy assessment of the Thai social security and social protection system for domestic workers, including migrants, in order to assess the coverage and access, to identify barriers and to design policy options to ensure more effective coverage of domestic workers, including migrants.
The review should be based both on international standards, such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the ILO’s social security standards, the Global Compact for Migration, and any relevant existing studies.
The consultant will perform the following tasks:
The report should cover the following points:
The methodology will include but not limited to:
*The consultant is required to arrange Thai – English interpretation/research assistant for data collection KIIs and focus group discussions as necessary.
Expected Deliverables and Time Frame
28 June 2021
The consultant will work under the direct supervision of the Programme Analyst (Thailand), UN Women Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific who will be responsible for the quality assurance of the deliverables.
Payment upon submission and satisfactory deliverables of the report submitted.
In addition to aforementioned requirements and qualifications, it is important that the consultant shares the core values and core competencies of the organization.
Required Skills and Experience
Applications will be evaluated based on the cumulative analysis.
A two-stage procedure is utilised in evaluating the applications, with evaluation of the technical application being completed prior to any price proposal being compared. Only the price proposal of the candidates who passed the minimum technical score of 70% of the obtainable score of 100 points in the technical qualification evaluation will be evaluated.
1. Technical qualification evaluation criteria:
The total number of points allocated for the technical qualification component is 100. The technical qualification of the individual is evaluated based on the following technical qualification evaluation criteria:
A) Education (10%)
B) Substantive experience and skills (40%)
C) Coordination skills (20%)
D) Language skills (30%)
Total Obtainable Score = 100%
2. Financial/Price Proposal evaluation:
How to Apply
Deadline of submission: 30 May 2021