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UN Women - National Consultant to Conduct a final evaluation of the 5-year implementation of the UN Women CO Albania Project “Women’s Leadership and Political Participation”
|Publicado en nombre de :|
|Localidad :||Tirana with missions in the country, Albania|
|Fecha límite de postulación :||11-Mar-18 (Medianoche Nueva York, Estados Unidos)|
|Tipo de contrato :||Other|
|Nivel de puesto :||Other|
|Idiomas requeridos :||Inglés|
|Duración esperada del puesto :||40 working days in the period of April-June 2018|
Women’s leadership and political participation (WPP) is one of six core thematic impact areas that UN Women aims to contribute to at the global, regional and national level. It is considered critical not only for achieving gender equality, but also as an intrinsic precondition for democratic governance and sustainable development.
UN Women’s work on Impact Area 1 is guided by a history of international commitments to women’s representation. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women upholds women’s right to participate in public life (Art. 7), while the Beijing Platform for Action calls for removing barriers to equal participation and sets a target of ‘gender balance’ at all levels. The Millennium Development Goals measured progress towards gender equality in part by the proportion of women in parliamentary seats, while the Sustainable Development Goal # 5 measures progress by the percentage of seats held by women in national parliaments and at the local level.
A major step for UN Women was the adoption by the UN General Assembly - by consensus - of the 2011 resolution on Women's Political Participation (A/RES/66/130). The Report of the Secretary-General on “Measures Taken and Progress Achieved in the Promotion of Women and Political Participation” (2013) provided statistics, and identified data gaps, on women in politics at all levels, and offered concrete recommendations for Member States to accelerate progress and show greater political commitment.
In addition to international normative frameworks, regional frameworks have emerged that confirm the political rights of women and regional intergovernmental agreements that specifically affirm the role of Temporary Special Measures (TSMs) to achieve women’s participation in decision making and politics. The results envisaged are to increase formal representation, participation and influence of women in political decision-making and in political institutions— from the national to the local level.
UN Women’s work in support of women’s leadership and political participation is primarily organized around the three outcome areas of the Strategic Plan (2014-2017):
1. Supporting the reform, adoption and implementation of constitutions, legal frameworks, and policies to advance women’s right to participate in decision making at national and local levels.
2. Supporting gender responsive measures (mechanisms, processes and services) to promote women’s leadership and participation in politics.
3. Supporting gender equality advocates influence constitutions, legal frameworks and policies to increase women’s leadership and political participation.
UN Women aims to contribute to these three outcomes areas at the global, regional and national levels, building linkages to support a holistic work programme. Primary areas of focus at the programmatic level include: inclusive electoral and political processes at national and local levels, legislative and constitutional reforms that promote gender equality, the promotion of gender equality in political parties, gender-sensitive reforms in parliaments, civil society monitoring of women’s political participation, and the development of women’s leadership skills.
With the adoption of the Gender Equality Law (2008) Albania introduced for the first time the quota provisions on equal gender participation and representation in all legislative, executive, judicial power bodies as well as in other public institutions. Subsequently the quota provisions mandated by the GEL were introduced in the Electoral Code (2009). During the period 2010 to 2015, various amendments were made to the Electoral Code (Articles 67/6, 7; 164; 175) in order to improve women’s representation and participation in political decision-making. Further amendments in April 2015 reflected Albania’s new territorial and administrative division; they also addressed a long-standing OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) recommendation to promote women candidates by increasing the gender quota on candidate lists for local councils to 50 per cent, with the gender of candidates alternating at every second name (zipper/zebra lists).
The percentage of women in parliament increased from 16.7 per cent in 2013 to 23 per cent in 2015 and 28% in 2017, representing the highest share since 1997. This was largely a result of strong lobbying efforts on the part of women’s organizations for introducing and applying the gender quota, as well as of increased general awareness of the significance of women’s political representation. Though revisions to the Electoral Code were adopted in 2012, the law was not fully respected in the subsequent general elections. Despite significant achievements, for example, the phenomenon of placing women at the bottom of candidate lists is still observed. In the general elections of 2013, 2015 and 2017 the Central Electoral Commission has issued fine for political parties for not adhering to the gender quota. Another phenomenon observed was the withdrawal of female candidates from the candidate lists in order to let men fill the vacancies and thereby become Members of Parliament (MPs). The role of women MPs received a boost with the establishment of the Alliance of Women MPs (AWMP) in 2013, a group pushing for gender mainstreaming of laws and the promotion of gender equality. Although women took a step forward in the 2017 elections (out of 2,666 candidates, 1,073 (40%) were women; 28% women’s representation compared to 18% in 2013 elections), the codified gender quota was not fully respected. Yet, credited to political parties increased awareness on gender quota bindings, Albania’s ranking in the Global Gender Gap Index improved significantly (women political empowerment) - 105th in 2006; 53rd in 2016; 38th in 2017, a good step forward towards the achievement of SDG 5. Overall, however, the legal requirement of increasing women’s participation in parliament to a minimum of 30 per cent still remains to be fulfilled.
In the government established after the general elections of 2013, the number of women ministers increased significantly and in 2016, out of 19 ministers, eight are women, representing over 30 per cent while in the current government established after the 2017 elections for the first-time women represent 50% of cabinet including the Deputy Prime Minister.
At the local level, amendments to the Electoral Code resulted in a significant increase in women’s representation in the local elections of 2015: women currently represent 34.7 per cent of municipality councilors, up from 12.5 per cent previously. There are nine women among 61 mayors. While this is just roughly 13 per cent, it is a significant step forward in view of the previous share of three women heads among the former 385 local government units.
Women in politics are aware that their reputation increases when they manage, oversee, and decide on funds that have a social character and positive impact on female and male citizens in their communities. However, in general, party programmes tend to lack conceptual clarity and do not contain gender equality considerations. Furthermore, current councilwomen are relatively weakly connected to their electorate beyond urban areas: firstly, female party members and current councilwomen were not involved in the consultations prior to the new administrative division, and secondly, rural areas had not been targeted by campaigns that – as a result of post-election territorial and administrative reform – are now part of the municipality territory. Councilwomen are faced with the challenge of addressing gender equality concerns within the local governance agenda, an undertaking for which knowledge and also consensus have not yet been established. However, the anchoring of gender equality goals within the local governance agenda is vital for establishing strong linkages with the electorate, for increasing accountability, and for achieving governance outcomes that equally benefit women and men. Citizen participation and gender accountability at local level. The use of formalized and tested accountability tools is essential for strengthening citizen voices and increasing accountability to women and men at local level. In addition to public hearings, the main approaches taken thus far are (i) participatory budgeting; (ii) gender-sensitive Community-Based Scorecards (CBS); and (iii) Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB). Supported by UN Women and USAID’s Planning and Local Governance Project (PLGP), CBS has been tested and implemented in five out of 61 municipalities, encouraging women in particular to engage in the prioritization of needs at the community level, and lobbying politicians and local government for change.
Evaluation Scope: UN Women’s contribution to Women Leadership and Political participation in Albania
UN Women in Albania has been implementing a multi-year programme on “Leadership and Political Participation” (LPP) since 2012 to 2017 with funding from the Government of Sweden through the UN Coherence Fund as well as UN Women core funds, in the framework of the Government of Albania and UN Programme of Cooperation (PoC) 2012-2016 and 2017-2021. This programme was also in line with the UN Women, Albania Strategic Notes 2014-2016 and 2017-2021.
The aim of the programme is to support the implementation and monitoring of international commitments on women’s political leadership and participation such as CEDAW and national legislation related to gender equality and related national strategies and action plans. It also aimed at mainstreaming gender into relevant legislation, policies, and decision-making processes at local and national levels.
The overarching goal of the programme is to support the realization of gender equality in political representation at national and local levels through collaboration with relevant institutions, civil society, media and other international stakeholders. In addition, UN Women employs a holistic approach that involves working with national institutions at the national and local level, and with the beneficiaries at the grass-roots level. Towards this end, the intervention has worked at the three interdependent and mutually reinforcing levels:
As per the PoC 2012-2016 the interventions have contributed to the following outcome and related Outputs:
Outcome 1.1. Strengthen public oversight, civil society and media institutions make authorities more accountable to the public, and better able to enforce gender equality commitments in planning, programming and budgeting processes
During 2017 the interventions have contributed to the following PoC (2017-2021) Outcome and related Outputs:
Outcome 1 - State and civil society organizations perform effectively and with accountability for consolidated democracy in line with international norms and standards.
Output 1.1 - Constitutional, ministerial and independent mechanisms are reinforced to identify and report human rights violations and enable evidence based policy making and response.
Output 1.3 - Local Government Units (LGUs) are able to deliver equitable, quality services and strengthen influence of citizens in decision-making.
The intervention has been implemented during five years with a total funding of 1,57 million USD with specific activities at different levels. At the end of the programme an external evaluation will be conducted by an independent national expert. The evaluation will assess programmatic progress (and challenges) for the duration the implementation with measurement of the output level achievements and gaps and how/to what extent these have affected outcome-level progress.
Deberes y responsabilidades
Evaluation Scope, Purpose and Use:
The evaluation of the WLPP programme is to be conducted externally by an independent national consultant with substantive support from UN Women Albania and it is planned to be conducted in the period of 1 April – 30 June 2018. The evaluation will cover the programme implementation period from January 2012 until December 2017. The evaluation will be conducted in Albania, where the project has been implemented; in Tirana and other targeted regions to collect data as defined by the agreed evaluation work-plan.
The evaluation will examine all the relevant documents of WLPP project, including the results framework of the programme, annual work plans, annual reviews as part of the PoC annual review processes, annual and shorter-term status reports to the donor, annual reports of Albania Country Office, knowledge products produced in the framework of the programme etc. The evaluation will interview all key stakeholders involved in the WLPP programme, including but not limited to UN Women staff, WLPP project team, WLPP project responsible parties, local NGOs, beneficiaries, legislative body, central and local government partners, other international partners and UN Agencies, etc.
The main purpose of this thematic evaluation is to provide findings, lessons learned, conclusions and recommendations to support accountability, learning, reflection and knowledge generation, as well as to inform strategic direction for the programme for the period 2019-2021. It is being conducted with a view to re strategize UN Women’s approach in a year when this programme area is not in focus for the Country Office. The evaluation is expected to provide: 1) a better understanding of UN Women’s contribution on this thematic area in Albania based on objective evidence; and 2) useful evidence that will highlight how and in what ways UN Women in Albania can maximize its contributions given the current and expected contexts. The information generated by the evaluation will be used by different stakeholders to:
Findings, recommendations and lessons learned from the evaluation will inform the future resource mobilization and the future strategic WLPP interventions of UN Women in Albania.
Main evaluation users include UN Women Albania CO as well as UN Women ECA RO, national stakeholders such as NGOs an women’s organisations, public oversight bodies (the Central Elections Commission, People’s Advocate, Commissioner on Protection Against Discrimination), national and local actors (Women members of Parliament, elected women in local government units especially the Network of Women Councilor’s Alliance, Prime Minister’s Office, the National Council on GE) as well as international actors that will be closely involved in the evaluation process to increase ownership of findings, draw lessons learned and make and greater use of evaluation results.
Evaluation Objectives, Criteria and Key Evaluation Questions:
The specific evaluation objectives are to:
The evaluation will address the criteria of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability. More specifically, the evaluation will address the following key questions:
Evaluation Design, Process, and Methods:
The evaluation methodology will deploy mixed methods, including quantitative and qualitative data collection methods and analytical approaches to account for complexity of gender relations and to ensure a participatory and inclusive evaluation process which is culturally appropriate. A theory of change approach will be followed. The reconstructed theory of change should elaborate on the objectives and articulation of the assumptions that stakeholders use to explain the change process represented by the change framework that this project considered and should assess how UN Women LPP intervention action has contributed to advancement and women political empowerment.
The evaluation process is divided in five phases: 1) Preparation, mainly devoted to structuring the evaluation approach, preparing the TOR, compiling programme documentation, and hiring the evaluation team; 2) Inception, which will involve reconstruction of theory of change, evaluability assessment, online inception meetings with the LPP Project team, inception report and finalization of evaluation methodology; 3) Data collection and analysis, including desk research and preparation of field missions, visits to project sites; 4) Data analysis and synthesis stage, focusing on data analyzed, interpretation of findings and drafting of an Evaluation Report; and 5) Dissemination and follow-up, which will entail the development of an Evaluation Management Response by UN Women Albania CO, uploading it on UN Women’s Global Accountability and Tracking of Evaluation Use (GATE) system.
The evaluator will be responsible for inception, data collection and data analysis and synthesis.
This is a consultative/participatory project evaluation with a strong learning component. The management of the evaluation will ensure that key stakeholders will be consulted.
The National Programme Officer (NPO)/Head of the Programme Unit of the Albania CO is responsible for the management of this evaluation, and to ensure the quality of the evaluation report and provide administrative and substantive support, including joining the evaluation team in the field missions. The NPO with the support of the UN women Regional Evaluation Specialist based in the ECA RO, will ensure that the evaluation is conducted in accordance with the UN Women Evaluation Policy, United Nations Evaluation Group Ethical Guidelines and Code of Conduct for Evaluation in the United Nations system and other key guidance documents (UN Women’s Global Accountability and Tracking of Evaluation Use (GATE) website: http://gate.unwomen.org ).
The establishment of external and internal evaluation reference groups will help to ensure that the evaluation approach is robust and relevant to staff and stakeholders, and make certain that factual errors or errors of omission or interpretation are identified in evaluation products. The reference groups will provide input at key stages of the evaluation process: terms of reference drafting; inception report; draft and final evaluation reports. The Internal Reference Group will be composed of UN Women staff based in UN Women Albania Office and ECA Regional office. The External Reference Group will be composed of key partners including from government, civil society, Sida and relevant UN sister agencies.
Expected Deliverables, Duties and Responsibilities:
The evaluation consultant will be expected to produce/deliver the following:
In further details the duties and responsibilities of the national evaluator will be as follows:
The timeframe for the work of the national consultant is planned in the period of April 1st – June 30th for 40 working days.
UNEG Ethical Guidance should be applied to the selection of methods for the evaluation and throughout the evaluation process. The consultant will sign the “Evaluation Consultants Agreement Form – UNEG Code of Conduct for Evaluation in the UN System” prior to the initiation of the evaluation process.
Please visit this link for more information on UN Women’s Core Values and Competencies: http://www.unwomen.org/-/media/headquarters/attachments/sections/about%20us/employment/un-women-employment-values-and-competencies-definitions-en.pdf
Habilidades y experiencia requeridas
The evaluator will be responsible for ensuring the quality of deliverables and application of methodology as well as timely delivery of all products. The following qualifications will be required:
Note: Minimum mandatory requirements for candidates to be considered are a) Academic qualification: At least a master’s degree in sociology, international development, gender/women studies or related areas; b) Years of experience: At least 7 years of advanced evaluation expertise and experience in a wide range of research, review/evaluation approaches including utilization-focused, gender and human rights responsive and mixed methods; c) Proficiency in English.
Scope of Price Proposal and Schedule of Payments:
Each applicant will be required to submit an aggregated financial offer in Albanian Lek (“aggregated financial offer” is the total sum of all financial claims of the candidate for accomplishment of the task with detailed breakdown of expected honorarium, (including travel and accommodation in 6 target regions of Albania: Elbasan, Gjirokaster, Korce, Kukes, Shkoder and Vlore).
The evaluator shall bear costs for all supplies needed for data collection and data processing including possession of his own personal computer.
Payment will be disbursed in 3 (three) installments upon the satisfactory submission of the deliverables cleared by Evaluation task manager to certify that the services have been satisfactorily performed; 20% upon the inception report, 30% upon the submission of the draft report and 50% upon the submission of the final evaluation report and brief.
Recommended Presentation of Offer:
Qualified and interested candidates are asked to submit their application no later than 11th March 2018.
Evaluation of Applicants:
Candidates will be evaluated using a cumulative analysis method taking into consideration the combination of the applicants’ qualifications and financial proposal. Contract will be awarded to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as:
Applications will be assessed according to the following Technical Criteria - Maximum total technical scoring is 350 points:
Only candidates who have passed over the minimum qualification criteria and have accumulated at least 245 points out of maximum 350 under technical review will qualify for the next stage i.e. review of their financial proposals.
Evaluation of financial proposal
Evaluation of submitted financial offers will be done based on the following formula: S = Fmin / F * 150
S – score received on financial review;
F min – the lowest financial offer out of all the submitted offers qualified over the technical review round;
F – financial offer under consideration.
The selected candidate will be the candidate, who has accumulated the highest aggregated score (technical score + financial score).
How to Submit the Application:
To submit your application online, please follow the steps below:
Applications submission deadline: 11 March 2018.
UN Women retains the right to contact references directly. Due to the large numbers of applications we receive, we are able to inform only the successful candidates about the outcome or status of the selection process.
In July 2010, the United Nations General Assembly created UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. The creation of UN Women came about as part of the UN reform agenda, bringing together resources and mandates for greater impact. It merges and builds on the important work of four previously distinct parts of the UN system (DAW, OSAGI, INSTRAW and UNIFEM), which focused exclusively on gender equality and women's empowerment.
El PNUD está comprometido con lograr la diversidad de su personal en términos de género, nacionalidad y cultura. Se alienta por igual a las personas que pertenecen a grupos minoritarios, a pueblos indígenas o que tienen alguna discapacidad a presentar su candidatura. Todas las solicitudes se tratarán con la mayor confidencialidad.