Consultancy to conduct an Assessment of Diversion Options to Treatment as an Alternative to Conviction or Punishment for drug users in contact with the criminal justice system in Maldives


Localidad : Home-based with mission to Maldives, Maldivas
Fecha límite de postulación :04-May-21 (Medianoche Nueva York, Estados Unidos)
Categoría adicional :Gestión
Tipo de contrato :Individual Contract
Nivel de puesto :National Consultant
Idiomas requeridos :
Inglés  
Fecha de comienzo del contrato :
(Fecha en que se espera que comience el candidato seleccionado)
09-May-2021
Duración esperada del puesto :25 days

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Antecedentes

 

A.    Introduction

UNODC’s Regional Office for South Asia (ROSA) covers Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka and has been working closely with Governments of South Asia to counter drugs, crime and terrorism in all its manifestations. Over the years, the Governments of South Asian countries have been active partners in the planning and implementation of UNODC ROSA’s Regional Programme for South Asia 2018-2021(1) and local projects. UNODC has been working with countries across Asia to strengthen prison systems and improve the management of prisoners as well as prison conditions, in line with the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the ‘Mandela Rules’).

The Covid-19 pandemic serves as an alarm bell for the prison systems to strengthen their preparedness and resilience to crises and emergencies in the longer term. UNODC is currently implementing a regional project with an aim to strengthen these factors in South and Southeast Asian countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, the Maldives, the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia and Sri Lanka) by providing guidance on strategies, building capacities, and improving existing infrastructure. In South Asia, this project is being implemented in Bangladesh and Maldives.

In the Maldives, the project will support Maldives Correctional Service (MCS) and the National Drug Agency (NDA) to strengthen preparedness and resilience of prisons against the current and future public health emergencies, through the promotion of non-custodial measures to alleviate prison overcrowding and the refurbishment of Temporary Drug Remand Centre to address prison overcrowding. This project seeks to realize that the Prison systems are prepared with adequate strategies against public health emergencies, including COVID-19.

The current project has been developed for the Maldives on the basis of ROSA’s vast experience in the area of prison reform particularly in low-income, developing countries, taking account of the key requirements of ownership, sustainability and replicability. With a field presence in the Maldives, UNODC has become a trusted partner for Governments on matters related to prison management, underpinned by a strong track record of delivering technical support. 

 
  

(1) The Regional Programme defines UNODC’s strategic work frame and vision for delivering technical assistance in mandate areas, in close consultation with Governments of South Asia

 

B.    Background

The COVID-19 pandemic poses important challenges to prison systems. People deprived of liberty are likely to be more vulnerable to an outbreak than the general population because of the confined conditions in which they live and the proximity. In Maldives, the Government has taken measures to avoid mass infections by the coronavirus inside prisons, but critical incidents have occurred (e.g. riots or prison breaks). In an effort to alleviate overcrowding in response to the pandemic Maldives Government released prisoners at the beginning of the pandemic in 2020. At the same time, detentions linked to violations of curfews, quarantines, or other restrictions have added to the prison population, thus further compounding the situation with overcrowding.

UNODC ROSA’s Comprehensive Assessment of Prisons in Maldives in 2020 showed an estimated 60% of the prison population in the Maldives are non-violent drug offenders. Drug use disorders are frequently accompanied by somatic conditions such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and/or C and tuberculosis, lung or cardiovascular disease, stroke, cancer and injuries and traumas among others. Moreover, people with drug use disorders, especially those who inject drugs, may have a compromised immune system. Finally, stigma and discrimination linked to drug use and drug use disorders often result in limited access to basic resources such as housing, employment, health care and social support. For all these reasons, it may be more difficult for peoplewho use drugs and with drug use disorders to protect themselves and they may be at higher risk of developing the most severe forms of COVID-19.

Therefore, following previous initiatives towards addressing the problem of drugs in the South Asian region, UNODC ROSA will support capacity-building efforts targeting Maldives Correctional Service (MCS) and the National Drug Agency (NDA) to address the problem of drugs, through support to establish, at the request of the Government of Maldives, measures to reduce prison population (including non-custodial measures, alternatives to incarceration, pardons and amnesty), based on the international standards and in line with the national guidelines. This project will support governments’ national response mechanisms for persons with substance use disorders through diversion of drug offences to treatment and rehabilitation centres, and the refurbishment of drug offenders’ remand facilities.

This is in line with the Government’s Strategic Action Plan (SAP) 2018-2023 which prioritises implementation of national responses with key priorities in; strengthening preventive mechanisms of drug use and onset of drug use, expanding treatment capacity and services to increase treatment effectiveness, and promoting law enforcement and cross-sector institutional coordination to respond to the key challenges of the problem of drugs in the country.

For optimum interventions, it is highly recommended to ensure collaboration between justice and public health authorities in pursuing alternate measures to conviction or punishment for appropriate drug related offenses in line with international drug control conventions and as described in the Treatment and Care for People with Drug Use Disorders in Contact with the Criminal Justice Systems: Alternatives to Conviction or Punishment (UNODC/WHO, 2018).

 

C.    Purpose of the assignment

As part of the project activities in Maldives, UNODC would like to commission a consultant to conduct an assessment of the Diversion Options to Treatment as an Alternative to Conviction or Punishment within the national legal framework of Maldives and in-line with international legal frameworks. The assessment report will support the government to strengthen its national response mechanism for non-custodial measures and alternatives to incarceration for drug use disorders.

The consultant is expected to assess the existing national mechanism within the criminal justice system for drug offenders, the available custodial and non-custodial treatment options for drug use disorders in Maldives and its current application within the criminal justice system and its effectiveness using high quality analysis, with the objective of supporting the Government to develop an effective national criminal justice strategy on the application of Diversion Options to Treatment as an Alternative to Conviction or Punishment within the national criminal justice framework in line with international legal frameworks and standards, with specific attention to special groups and categories.


Deberes y responsabilidades

D.   Scope of work and expected outputs / deliverables to be performed by the consultant and payment terms:

Deliverable A: Develop and validate research protocols and tools

  • Inception report including final workplan
  • Draft protocol and data collection tools, with reference to UNODC Handbook on Custodial and Non- custodial Measures: Alternatives to Incarceration and Treatment and Care for People with Drug Use Disorders in Contact with the Criminal Justice Systems: Alternatives to Conviction or Punishment (UNODC/WHO, 2018).
  • Facilitate stakeholder consultation meetings
  • Stakeholders validation of the draft protocol, tools and data collection approach
  • Final protocol and tools
  • Consultancy progress report

 

Deliverable B: Conduct a mapping of non-custodial measures and alternatives to imprisonment for drug law offences and drug-related crimes

  • General overview of the prison population and key statistical data (eg: number of offenders sentenced to non-custodial sanctions, overall capacity of the criminal justice system)
  • Conduct a mapping of the legal and regulatory framework for the availability of non-custodial measures and alternatives to imprisonment for drug law offences and drug-related crimes at different stages of the criminal justice process under the Maldives Law and provide descriptive data on the use of these sanctions in practice, addressing accessibility, effectiveness and efficiency, with a focus on special groups and categories.
  • Conduct a mapping of drug treatment services and care for drug use disorders in contact with the criminal justice system and assess the mapped treatment services in accordance with the continuum of care required as described in the Treatment and Care for People with Drug Use Disorders in Contact with the Criminal Justice Systems: Alternatives to Conviction or Punishment (UNODC/WHO, 2018) and the UNODC Handbook on Basic Principles and Promising Practices on Alternatives to Imprisonment and relevant literature.
  • Conduct an analysis of the current application and challenges to application of diversion options to treatment as an alternative to conviction or punishment within the legal framework of Maldives at the different stages of the criminal justice process (pre-trial, trial/court and post-sentencing).
  • Identify existing mechanisms and resources in place to implement the alternatives to imprisonment for drug offenses, with key recommendations based on feasibility, practicality and best practices.
  • Liaise with relevant stakeholders to conduct interviews, group discussions and expert consultations.
  • First draft report on desk reviews and initial analytical findings
  • Consultancy progress report

 

Deliverable C: Final analytical and evidence-based report on findings and key recommendations

  • Incorporate recommendations on first draft report
  • Facilitate a stakeholder’s validation meeting of the draft report, with presentation
  • Submission of final report
  • Final consultancy report

 

Expected tangible and measurable output(s)/deliverable(s):

Deliverable A

  • Inception report including final workplan
  • Facilitate stakeholder consultation meetings
  • Final protocol and tools with details of data collection approach
  • Consultancy progress report

Deliverable B

  • Liaise with relevant stakeholders to conduct interviews, group discussions and expert consultations.
  • First draft report on desk reviews and initial findings
  • Consultancy progress report

Deliverable C

  • Facilitate a stakeholder’s validation meeting of the draft report, with presentation
  • Submission of final report
  • Final consultancy report

 

E.   Dates and details as to how the work must be delivered and payment terms:

Deliverable group

Output

Working Days

To be accomplished by

Percentage payment

 

   A

  • Inception report including final workplan
  • Facilitate stakeholder consultation meetings
  • Final protocol and tools with details of data collection approach
  • Consultancy progress report

 

5

 

14th May 2021

 

15%

   B

  • Liaise with relevant stakeholders to conduct interviews, group discussions and expert consultations.
  • First draft report on desk reviews and initial findings
  • Consultancy progress report

15

2nd August 2021

35%

   C

  • Facilitate a stakeholder’s validation meeting of the draft report, with presentation
  • Submission of final report
  • Final consultancy report

5

10th August 2021

50%

Note:

  • If the consultant anticipates some necessary field travel, it should be budgeted in the proposal;
  • Any kind of miscellaneous charges i.e. internet, phone etc. would not be reimbursed;
  • Please note proposals without the financial proposal will not be considered;

 

Time-frame:

The Contract will be for a period of 25 working days from 9th May 2021 – 10th August 2021

 

F.   Reporting and communication:

Maldives – The consultant will perform the aforementioned tasks under the direct supervision of Programme Coordinator, ROSA, Programme Office for Maldives and with the guidance of Criminal Justice Expert, ROSA and the overall guidance of the Head of Office a.i.


Competencias

Indicators to evaluate the consultant’s performance:

  • Timeliness and quality of work;
  • Quality of correctional mentorship provided;
  • Providing constructive feedback in post-assessment and mentorship evaluation report;
  • Achievement of deliverables and completion of project.


Habilidades y experiencia requeridas

G.   Qualifications/expertise sought (required educational background, years of relevant work experience, other special skills or knowledge required):

(a) Education

An advanced university (Master's degree or equivalent) in the fields of Public Health, Social Sciences, crime prevention and/or any other relevant field is required. A first-level university degree or equivalent academic education, with specialization in Public Health, Social Sciences, Crime Prevention, and/or other related areas, in combination past experience in research and programme delivery in in prison settings will be an advantage.

(b) Work Experience

  • 10 years’ work experience in conducting research or in data analysis.
  • Experience conducting research on Key populations or most-at-risk populations, especially in the areas of drugs and prison settings.
  • Excellence in working with government, NGOs/Donors and other important stakeholders
  • Experience on similar projects in the region
  • Experience of research in an international environment is desirable;
  • Excellent English writing and speaking skills are required.

(c) Languages:

  • Fluency in English and Dhivehi, with excellent drafting skills, is essential; knowledge of other UN official languages is considered an important asset.

 

H.   Award of the contract:

The contract shall be awarded to the individual whose offer has been evaluated and determined as:

  • Responsive to the criterion outlined in the TOR.
  • Having received the highest score of a predetermined set of technical and financial criterion specific to the solicitation and based on cumulative criterion.

 

Technical Criteria weight - 70 marks:

  • Educational Qualification - 10 points
  • Experience in past research in the area of drugs and/or work in prison settings - 20 points
  • Experience in research/assessments/gap analysis - 20 points
  • Experience of Maldives development context and working with the government and development partners in the country – 20 points.

 

Financial Criteria weight - 30 marks:

Technical and Financial Proposals to be submitted separately.

Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 49 points (70% of the total technical points) would be considered for the Financial Evaluation.

 

Note:

  • Any kind of miscellaneous charges i.e. internet, phone etc. would not be reimbursed;
  • Please note proposals without financial proposal will not be considered;
  • Individuals working with institutions may also apply, contract would be issued in the name of institution for the specific services of individual;

 

Contact information for queries related to the Request for Proposals:

For any clarification please contact:

thoiba.saeedh@un.org

seema.arya@un.org

 

Cost break-up, Grants Numbers and WBSE:

WBSE:             SB-013773.02.01.01

Grant:               M1-32FSB-001944

Cost Centre:    13451



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